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SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. a. Explain the manorial system and feudalism; include the status of peasants and feudal monarchies and the importance of Charlemagne. Feudalism.

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SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

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a. Explain the manorial system and feudalism; include the status of peasants and feudal monarchies and the importance of Charlemagne.
feudalism
Feudalism
  • A system based on rights and obligations
  • The king was at the top of the system with landless peasants at the bottom
  • The peasants, or serfs, were bound by law to stay on the land and grow food and serve those above them
  • The king in return, was supposed to protect the serfs
manorial system
Manorial System
  • A manor was the king’s estate
  • A self contained system where the king provided housing and land, and in return the serfs took care of the king’s land
charlemagne 768 843
Charlemagne (768-843)
  • Emperor of the Frankish Kingdom (Germany)
  • Was crowned “Roman Emperor” by the pope, joining Germany with the church
  • Limited the power of the nobles, developed schools for the wealthy
  • United most of Western Europe under one ruler
charlemagne
Charlemagne
  • Promoted the arts
  • The end of Charlemagne’s rule spelled the beginning of the feudal system
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b. Describe the political impact of Christianity; include Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV of Germany (Holy Roman Emperor).
pope gregory vii
Pope Gregory VII
  • In 1075 Pope Gregory banned the practice of kings appointing Catholic bishops
  • Bishops held great local power and helped the king control the people through religion
  • King Henry IV of Germany refused to follow the order and demanded that the Pope resign
  • The Pope instead excommunicated the King, which caused upheaval and revolts against Henry
king henry iv of germany
King Henry IV of Germany
  • To save his throne, Henry marched across the Alps during winter, and begged for the Pope’s forgiveness
  • This action helped establish and reinforce papal power over monarchies
medieval church
Medieval Church
  • The Catholic Church held influence with the ability to excommunicate and interdiction, which when issued, would prevent Christians from going to heaven
  • Though politically and socially separated the Church unified people through religion
growth of towns and cities in medieval times
Growth of Towns and Cities in Medieval Times
  • Farmers began using horses to plow fields which allowed for more crops to be grown
  • A greater amount of food allowed for a population explosion, which led to movement into towns and the settling of new towns
  • Trade from across Europe grew to satisfy the needs of the greater population