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Feudalism . Feudalism. Invaders posed a threat to the safety of the people due to decentralized government People began to turn landed aristocrats or nobles for protection/ led to feudalism Feudalism arose between 800-900/ similar system in Japan- Samurai

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Feudalism


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feudalism1
Feudalism
  • Invaders posed a threat to the safety of the people due to decentralized government
  • People began to turn landed aristocrats or nobles for protection/ led to feudalism
  • Feudalism arose between 800-900/ similar system in Japan- Samurai
  • Vassalage = center of feudalism/ came from Germanic society where warriors swore oath to their leader
  • Vassal = man who served a lord militarily
slide3

Feudalism: Military

Service for Land

feudalism2
Feudalism
  • Knights = heavily armored warriors
  • Male = armor made of metal links or plates
  • Frankish army initially set up foot soldiers in mail
  • Heavily armored knights dominated warfare for over 500 years
  • Knights had great prestige & formed much of European aristocracy
  • Early Middle Ages (500-1000) wealth was based on owning land/very little trade
  • Nobles gave a piece of land to vassals in exchange for fighting = fief
feudalism3
Feudalism
  • Vassals had political authority in their fief/in charge of keeping order
  • Feudalism became complicated = kings had vassals who had vassals
  • Feudal contract = unwritten rules that characterized feudalism/relationship between king & vassal/knights for about 40-60 days a year
  • Vassals were to advise the lord, financial obligations to the lord, knighting of his eldest son,
  • Lord supported the vassal with land grant & protection in military & court
feudal obligations
Feudal Obligations
  • Vassals:
  • Military service for 40-60 days.
  • Homage.
  • Serve on the lord’s court.
  • Gifts for weddings and knighthoods.
  • Ransom.
  • Lords:
  • Protection.
  • Justice.
  • Wardship – oversee personal affairs and family if vassal dies in service.
slide7

Page,

Squire,

Knight

feudalism4
Feudalism
  • Castles = permanent residences & fortresses/#’s increased in high middle ages(1000-1300)
  • Middle Ages = nobles dominated European society/ main concern was warfare
  • Nobles = kings, dukes, counts, barons, bishops, archbishops
  • Knighthood = united lords & knights in aristocracy
  • Knights = trained as warriors/ no adult responsibility
  • Young knights held tournaments to show their skills/ joust became main attraction
feudalism5
Feudalism
  • 11th & 12th century, under influence of Church- chivalry became important to knights
  • Chivalry = civilized behavior, knights were to defend the church & defenseless people, treat captives as honored guests, fight for glory not rewards
  • Women could own property, but were under control of men/ first their fathers, then their husbands
  • Lady of the castle in charge of household & estate
  • Eleanor of Aquitane = married to king Louis VII of France & Henry II of England/ 2 children became kings of England