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NetNumen U31 Introduction

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  1. NetNumen U31 Introduction V12.11.20

  2. Contents • U31 System Overview • U31 System Architecture • Networking Modes

  3. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  4. U31 System Introduction • NetNumen U31 is a subnetwork-layer network management system based on a distributed, multi-process and modular design. • U31 can uniformly manage the optical communication equipment of ZXMP, ZXWM, ZXONE and ZXCTN series. • U31 provides complete management functions, including: • configuration management • alarm management • performance management • maintenance management • end-to-end circuit management • security management, system management • report management • It can manage multiple service types.

  5. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  6. U31 Position • U31 Position in the Transmission Network Management System

  7. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  8. System Features • Standard Compliance • U31 follows the TMN and eTom models, and complies with TMN, 3GPP, SNMP, NGOSS and NGMN standards. • Modularized Design • The U31 system can easily meet the requirements for managing new devices and services due to its modularized architecture. • The system software consists of several modules, which can be distributed on different computers. • The distributed deployment of software modules provides the processing capability of the system. • System Openness • The U31 system adopts the following technologies to support its openness. • The use of CORBA and XML interfaces enables the system to share both data and services with other service systems. • The use of JAVA enables the system to run on the Windows, UNIX, or Linux operating system for managing networks of different scales. • The system provides various external interfaces.

  9. System Features • System Reliability • The U31 system has a high reliability due to the following features: • Outband and Inband Management Modes • In the case of outband management, network management data and service data is transferred over different channels. In addition, the outband management supports dual backup of the channels. You can choose the outband management mode if the actual environment requires a higher reliability. • In the case of inband management, network management data and service data is transferred over the same channel. • Perfect System Monitoring Capability • By monitoring the running status of the system conveniently, you can troubleshoot potential problems of the system to ensure its reliability. • Operation Security • The U31 system uses the access right control and log records to ensure the security of operations on it. • Access Right Control • You can constrain the operation right of a user based on the view of a controlled network, that is, the operations performed by the user are limited to certain network elements with a certain granularity. • Complete Log Records • By observing the log records, you can find unauthorized operations in time to ensure the security of the system and the managed network.

  10. System Features • Ease of Use • By using the topology navigation function on the U31 system, you can perform network management operations easily in an intuitive way, for example, monitor the running status of the managed network on the topological graph of the network. • The topological graph has different levels, for example, global topology and local topology. • The alarm information in the whole network can be displayed on the topological graph or rack map in real time. • The system provides different audible and visual alarm indications according to the severity of alarms. • In addition, the system supports the centralized management of performance data in the whole network for convenient query, statistics, and report.

  11. System Features • Data Security • The U31 system adopts database backup and disk mirroring to ensure the security of data in the system. • Database Backup • The system provides diversified backup modes by supporting the storage of data on another peripheral memory, such as disk, tape, compact disk, or database. You can restore the data backup on the peripheral memory to the system when necessary. • Disk Mirroring • When data mirroring is used, all data on the active disk is replicated to the standby disk in real time for backup.

  12. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  13. U31 Managed NEs • Short Description • The NEs that can be managed by U31 include the SDH NEs, WDM NEs, Packet Optical Transport Network (P-OTN) NEs and IP Telecommunication Network (IPTN) NEs. • SDH NEs • The SDH NEs that can be managed by U31 include: ZXMP S100, ZXMP S150, ZXMP S200, ZXMP S320, ZXMP S325, ZXMP S330, ZXMP S360, ZXMP S380, ZXMP S385, and ZXMP S390. • WDM NEs • The WDM NEs that can be managed by U31 include: ZXWM-32, ZXMP M600, ZXMP M800, ZXWM M900, ZXMP M720, ZXMP M721, ZXMP M820, ZXMP M920, ZXONE 8200, ZXONE 8300, and ZXONE 8500. • P-OTN NEs • The P-OTN equipments that can be managed by U31 include: ZXONE 5800. • IPTN NEs • The IPTN equipments that can be managed by U31 include: ZXCTN 6100, ZXCTN 6200 and ZXCTN 6300, ZXCTN 9004 and ZXCTN 9008.

  14. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  15. Interfaces • Logical Interfaces • Internal Interfaces • The internal interfaces of the U31 system refers to the communication interfaces between the server and the client. • They adopt TCP/IP for communication. • In the U31 system, the server and the client communicate with each other via a Local Area Network (LAN) or a Wide Area Network (WAN). • The communication bandwidth is equal to or greater than 2Mbps. • Southbound Interfaces • Southbound interfaces refer to the communication interfaces between U31 and the managed NEs. • These interfaces adopts various communication protocols, including: TCP/IP, FTP, CORBA, and SNMP. • The southbound interfaces have the adaptation capability for the conversion and transfer of data in different formats.

  16. Interfaces • Logical Interfaces • Northbound Interfaces • The interfaces between the U31 system and a Network Management System (NMS) are called northbound interfaces, which comply with special interface standards that specify the information model, technical modes and functions for the connection between Element Management System (EMS) and NMS. The use of northbound interfaces provides the base for centralized network management and maintenance required by operators. • U31 provides the following northbound interfaces based on different protocols and standards: • CORBA Northbound Interfaces • Database Northbound Interfaces • SNMP Northbound Alarm Interface • File Northbound Interfaces

  17. Interfaces • Logical Interfaces • Northbound Interfaces

  18. Interfaces • Physical Interfaces

  19. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  20. Technical Specifications • Performance Specifications • Performance Specifications List

  21. Technical Specifications • Interface Specifications • U31 provides a diversity of interfaces, including: • Communication interfaces between the U31 system and managed NEs, adoptingTCP/IP. • File transfer interfaces between the U31 system and managed NEs, adopting FTP. • Physical Interfaces: • 10M/100M adaptive Ethernet interfaces • GE interface for connecting to Gigabit Ethernet • X.25 interface for connecting to Packet Switched (PS) network

  22. U31 System Overview • U31 System Introduction • U31 Position • System Features • U31 Managed NEs • Interfaces • Technical Specifications • Compliant Standards

  23. Compliant Standards • U31 complies with the following recommendations and standards: • ITU-T Recommendations • ITU-T M.3000, Overview of TMN recommendations • ITU-T M.3010, Principles for a Telecommunications management network • ITU-T M.3016, TMN security overview • ITU-T M.3020, TMN Interface Specification Methodology • ITU-T M.3100, Generic Network Information Model • ITU-T M.3101, Managed Object Conformance Statements for the Generic Network Information Model • ITU-T M.3200, TMN management services and telecommunications managed areas: overview • ITU-T M.3300, TMN F interface requirements • ITU-T M.3400, TMN Management Function • ITU-T Temporary Document 69 (IP Experts): Revised draft document on IP access network architecture • ITU-T X.701-X.709, Systems Management framework and architecture • ITU-T X.710-X.719, Management Communication Service and Protocol • ITU-T X.720-X.729, Structure of Management Information • ITU-T X.730-X.799, Management functions

  24. Compliant Standards • U31 complies with the following recommendations and standards: • RFC Standards • RFC1157, Simple Network Management Protocol • RFC1213, Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP based internets: MIB-II • RFC1901, Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2 • RFC1902, Structure of Management Information for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2) • RFC1903, Textual Conventions for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2) • RFC1905, Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2) • RFC2037, Entity MIB using SMIv2 • RFC2233, The Interface Group MIB using SMIv2 • RFC1558, A String Representation of LDAP Search Filters • RFC1777, Lightweight Directory Access Protocol • RFC1778, The String Representation of Standard Attribute Syntaxes • RFC1959, An LDAP URL Format • RFC2251, Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (v3)

  25. Compliant Standards • U31 complies with the following recommendations and standards: • TMF Standards • GB901, A Service management Business Process Model • GB921, Enhanced Telecom Operations Map • GB909, Generic Requirements for Telecommunications Management Building Blocks • GB908, Network Management Detailed Operations Map • GB914, System Integration Map • GB917, SLA Management Handbook V1.5 • NMF038, Bandwidth Management Ensemble V1.0 • TMF508, Connection and Service Management Information Model Business Agreement • TMF801, Plug and Play Service Fulfillment Phase 2 Validation Specification V1.0 • TMF605, Connection and Service Management Information Model • NMF037, Sub-System Alarm Surveillance Ensemble V1.0

  26. Compliant Standards • U31 complies with the following recommendations and standards: • OMG Standards • Interworking Between CORBA and TMN System Specification V1.0 • Specifications by Ministry of Information Industry and China Telecom • YD/T 852-1996 General Principles for the Design of Telecommunications Management Network (TMN) • YD/T 871-1996 Generic Information Model of Telecommunications Management Network (TMN)

  27. Contents • U31 System Overview • U31 System Architecture • Networking Modes

  28. System Architecture • Hardware Architecture • Software Architecture

  29. Hardware Architecture • U31 system adopts a client/server architecture. The client in the system communicates with the server via TCP/IP. • In terms of logical structure, two types of devices are deployed at the server: host and storage device • Host is the physical foundation of the U31 system. It processes data in the system. The system performance greatly depends on the processor speed of the host. • Storage devices are used to save the data in the system. For storing large amounts of important data in the system, external data storage devices with high capacity and reliability are required besides the built-in disks in the host. • In terms of function, a server cluster, including application server, database server, and File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server, can be deployed at the server. These servers can be configured together on the same host, or independently on different hosts.

  30. Hardware Architecture • To ensure high availability and security, dual servers can be used in the U31 system:

  31. Software Architecture • U31 software adopt Object-oriented technologies based on JAVA 2 platform Enterprise Edition (J2EE). • Software modules can be deployed in an integrated or distribute way to manage bearer network elements (NEs). • In addition, the U31 software provides CORBA, SNMP, DB and File interfaces for connecting the U31 system to a Network Management System (NMS) or Operation Support System (OSS).

  32. Software Architecture • U31 system provides two software: server software and client software • Server software • Implementing several functions: • Network management interface module • Topology management • Fault management module • Performance management module • Security management module • Configuration management • Software management • Log management • Report management • Database management • Inventory management • NE adaptation • Client Software • Provides a graphic user interface (GUI). After connecting to the U31 server, the client can display the results of management operations in the system. On the GUI, you can operate and maintain the NEs managed by the system.

  33. Contents • U31 System Overview • U31 System Architecture • Networking Modes

  34. Networking Modes • Non-Cascade Networking Modes • Cascade Networking Modes • Distributed System

  35. Non-Cascade Networking Modes • The U31 system generally adopts a non-cascade networking mode, in which a single server is used to manage the whole network. The management capability of the system is measured based on this networking mode. • The following three non-cascade networking modes are available: • Non-Cascade Local Networking • Non-Cascade Remote Networking • Non-Cascade Integrated Networking

  36. Non-Cascade Local Networking • Non-cascade local networking is the most common networking mode used by centralized network management systems. • It is a simple networking mode, in which the server, clients and NEs are all located in the same Local Area Network (LAN) and connected with each other via Ethernet. • In this networking mode, the server connects to the managed NEs via LAN.

  37. Non-Cascade Local Networking • Topology • The topology of the non-cascade local networking of the network element management system shown below:

  38. Non-Cascade Remote Networking • The non-cascade remote networking supports these three types: • Digital Data Network (DDN) • E1 line • High-data-rate Digital Subscriber Line (HDSL). • Different remote networking modes have the same network topology and follow the same networking principle. • Specific transmission equipment is used to connect the system to a Wide Area Network (WAN). • The server and the client are located in different LANs with corresponding routers and HUBs.

  39. Non-Cascade Remote Networking • Remote Networking Based on DDN Leased Line • The stable and reliable DDN provides a high transmission rate from 64kbps to 2Mbps. • In this remote networking mode, routers and baseband MODEMs are used. • At the server, an HUB is connected to a router and the router is connected to the leased line of the DDN via a baseband MODEM. • The remote client is connected to the leased line in the same way via its Ethernet interface. DDN

  40. Non-Cascade Remote Networking • Remote networking of the U31 system based on DDN leased line

  41. Non-Cascade Remote Networking • Remote Networking Based on E1 Transmission • In the non–cascade remote networking over E1 transmission, E1 (2Mbit/s) lines are used to transmit IP packets. At both ends of an E1 line, timeslot extractors are needed. • The maximum transmission rate of each timeslot is 64kbps. By the channelization technology, N timeslots can be used together to get a rate of N×64kbps, which meets the requirements for different transmission rates. A router and a channelized E1 module can be used together as a stable and reliable timeslot extractor. E1 Transmission Network

  42. Non-Cascade Remote Networking • Remote networking of the U31 system based on E1 transmission

  43. Non-Cascade Integrated Networking • The integrated networking is a combination of local networking and remote networking. Local NEs/clients and remote NEs/clients coexist in this networking mode. Non-Cascade Integrated Networking over DDN

  44. Networking Modes • Non-Cascade Networking Modes • Cascade Networking Modes • Distributed System

  45. Cascade Networking Modes • The cascade networking can be classified into the following two types according to the physical relations between the upper-level server and lower-level servers: • local cascade networking • remote cascade networking

  46. Cascade Networking Modes • Local Cascade Networking • In the local cascade networking mode, the upper-level server and lower-level servers are located in the same LAN. Any of the non-cascade networking modes described earlier can be used for each server and the clients corresponding to it. Note: It’s the logical model, Physically, the management processes of the lower-level clients can be deployed on the upper-level client

  47. Cascade Networking Modes • Remote Cascade Networking • In the remote cascade networking mode, the upper-level server and the lower-level servers are connected via DDN or E1 transmission network. All non-cascade networking modes described earlier can be used for each server and corresponding client. Note: the upper-level server and lower-level servers are integrated via E1 transmission network instead of a LAN

  48. Networking Modes • Non-Cascade Networking Modes • Cascade Networking Modes • Distributed System

  49. Distributed System • The distributed system is designed on the application layer, which follows the same basic principle as other application systems. There is no uniform requirement for the topology of the distributed system. • The distributed deployment not only improves the system stability, but also provides convenience for troubleshooting and module upgrade

  50. Distributed System • Typical Distributed Deployment of the System