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Global Development and Social Justice. Obesity is on the rise. Facts about Obesity According to the World Health Organization. According to WHO’s data from 2005, approximately 1.6 billion adults over the age of 15 were overweight and 400 million were obese worldwide.

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facts about obesity according to the world health organization
Facts about Obesity According to the World Health Organization
  • According to WHO’s data from 2005, approximately 1.6 billion adults over the age of 15 were overweight and 400 million were obese worldwide.
  • In that same year, approximately 20 million children under the age of 5 were overweight, worldwide.
  • WHO predicts that by the year 2015, there will be approximately 2.3 billion adults overweight and over 700 million obese adults worldwide.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html

slide3

Size Scale

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity/

consequences of obesity
Consequences of Obesity
  • Cardiovascular disease

(Heart disease and stroke are the world’s leading cause of death, resulting in 17 million deaths per year.)

  • Diabetes

(WHO predicts that there will be an increase in deaths of over 50% in the next ten years resulting from diabetes.)

  • Musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis
  • Cancer
  • Childhood obesity is linked to a higher risk of premature death and disability in adulthood.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html

effects of obesity in low and middle income countries
Effects of Obesity in Low and Middle Income Countries
  • Chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight are affecting low and middle – income countries in addition to the dilemma of infectious diseases and under-nutrition, specifically in urban settings.
  • Both under-nutrition and obesity exist within the same countries, communities and households.
  • This problem is a result of insufficient pre-natal care, infant, and child nutrition followed by the intake of high-fat, energy-dense, poor foods lacking the proper nutrients to sustain a healthy individual, along with insufficient physical activity.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html

how can overweight and obesity be reduced
How Can Overweight and Obesity be Reduced
  • Limit the intake of total fats and modify the fat consumption from saturated fats to unsaturated fats.
  • Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts, while decreasing the consumption of sugars.
  • Increasing exercise.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html

world health organization s strategy for preventing overweight and obesity
World Health Organization’s Strategy For Preventing Overweight and Obesity
  • In 2004, the World Health Assembly adopted the WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health.
  • This strategy:
  • Advocates for health promotion and chronic disease prevention and control.
  • Promotes health particularly in poor and disadvantaged populations.
  • Promotes the deceleration and reversal of trends in the common chronic disease risk factors.
  • Promotes the prevention of premature deaths and disability due to these major chronic diseases.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html

the organization for economic co operation and development
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development has published a paper titled, The Obesity Epidemic: Analysis of Past and Projected Future Trends in Selected OECD Countries.
  • This paper has divided countries into 2 groups. Group 1 consists of the United States, Canada, England and Australia these countries represent “phase 1” of globalization of the western diet.

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity/

these countries were more inclined to
These countries were more inclined to:
  • Replace nutritional food with “junk” food.
  • Replace water with Coca Cola
  • Replace whole grains with Wonder bread.
  • Replace walkable communities with SUV required suburbs.

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity

slide10

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesityhttp://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity

group 1
Group 1

According to the numbers on these graphs, the “chubby” population is disappearing and being replaced with either overweight people decreasing into the healthy weight category or people becoming obese or morbidly obese.

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity

group 2
Group 2
  • The countries in Group 2 include France, Italy, Austria, and South Korea.
  • These countries are expected to grow at a slower pace in their obesity rates, than the countries in Group 1, but in a faster pace in their overweight rates.
  • This difference is presumed to be a cause of these countries still being at an earlier stage in the progression of obesity as a result of the “Western Diet and Lifestyle.”

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity

slide13

http://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesityhttp://healthhabits.wordpress.com/2009/04/13/future-trends-in-global-obesity

slide14

Obese People Aged Over 18 years and by Sex In Italy, by Region Year 2007 (rates per hundred people and standardized rates)Note: Total equals the percentage of both males and females of the total population of the region.

http://www.istat.it/sanita/sociosan/english.html

websites for u s obesity statistics
Websites for U.S. Obesity Statistics

http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html#State

http://www.obesity.org/statistics/

http://www.statehealthfacts.org/comparebar.jsp?ind=90&cat=2

projected prevalence of obesity in adults by 2025
Projected prevalence of obesity in adults by 2025

http://www.iuns.org/features/obesity/tabfig.htm#Table%203

global dump soft drinks campaign
Global Dump Soft Drinks Campaign
  • In 2007, the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the International Association of Consumer Food Organizations worked together to launch the Global Dump Soft Drinks Campaign at the Consumers International World Congress in Sydney, Australia.
  • This campaign has asked governments to require soft-drink producers to stop advertising their beverages to children under 16 and to require a tax on these soft-drinks in order to fund nutrition and fitness programs.
  • In addition to this, the campaign works to promote the marketing of lower-sugar products, selling in smaller portions, and ending sales of these beverages in all public and private elementary and high schools.

http://www.worldwatch.org/node/5492

slide19
The following is an interesting video found on YouTube suggesting using large corporations such as Coca Cola to our advantage rather than disadvantage.