Nok Culture -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nok Culture -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau

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  1. Nok Culture • -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau • The oldest known example of terracotta sculpture in Africa south of the Sahara • Dates from 3000-1000 Before the Present (1000 BC- 1000 AD) • -wide diversity of subject matter • With considerable variation in style, treatment and scale • Highly skilled in the creation of full-length human figures • -well organized social, political and religious structures • Art depicting images of dignitaries: rulers, priests and heroes • Iron working culture • With fragments of iron and beads recovered from furnaces

  2. Style Elements -elaborate coiffure Cylindrical heads Pierced eyes, nose, mouth, and ears Semi-circular/triangular eyes and lids Ears set back, often low and small Flared nostrils

  3. Map of Nigeria depicting the various ancient cultures

  4. Head, 2500-800 BP (500BC-200AD) Terracotta

  5. Jemaa Head, Nok 2500 BP(500BC) Terracotta

  6. Figure of a warrior, Nok, Terracotta, n/d

  7. Composite of man/bird a.k.a birdman Terracotta Nok 1750BP(250AD)

  8. Janus faced statuette Nok Terracotta, n/d

  9. Crouching Pendant Statue, Nok Terraccotta 2250 BP(250BC)

  10. Coiled snake, Nok, Terracotta, n/d

  11. Titled Male Figure Nok, Terracotta 2450BP(450BC)

  12. Female pillar statue, Nok Terracotta 2150BP(150BC)

  13. Animal Imagery in the Nok corpus

  14. Composite of man/bird a.k.a birdman Terracotta Nok 1750BP(250AD)

  15. Catfish or serpent, Nok, terracotta, 2300BP

  16. Elephant, Nok, Terracotta, 2050BP

  17. Elephanthead, Nok, Terracotta, 2500BP

  18. Bust of a man with mudfish, Nok, Terracotta, 2250BP

  19. Composite of man-leopard bust Nok, Terracotta, 2250 BP

  20. Torso of a Lion Cub, Nok, Terracotta, 2400 BP

  21. Statue on bended knee with Elephant and Feline, Nok, Terracotta, 2350 BP

  22. Seated Statue Holding a Feline, Nok, Terracotta, 2150 BP

  23. Inland Niger Delta: Djenne, Mali 700-500 BP (13th-15th century)

  24. Map of West Africa depicting the major culture areas

  25. Style Elements: The figurative sculptures have generalized rounded forms; Heads are flattened elongated shapes that are tilted upward with Bulging eyes and everted lips; Some of the figures are clothed, with elaborate decorative patterns and body art sometimes rendered in color They exhibit a broad range of iconographic themes and subject matter Including, maternity figures, equestrians, hunters, warriors and female figures Depicted standing, seating, reclining or mounted on horseback Other zoomorphic imagery include snakes, with or without humans Connected with religious symbolism and agrarian and human fertility. Some of the imagery might have represented legendary heroes, and founding ancestors

  26. Seated figure, Djenne, Mali Terracotta, h.44.3cm

  27. Archer figure, Djenne, Mali Terracotta, h.61 cm (24 3/8 in.)

  28. Horse and rider, Djenne, Mali Terracotta H 44x17x30 cm

  29. Bearded figure, Djenne, Mali Terracotta, h. 38.1 cm

  30. Kneeling figure with snake, Djenne, Mali Terracotta, h.57 cm

  31. Figure, Djenne, Mali Terracotta, h.29.5 cm

  32. Pair of figures, Bankoni, Mali Terracotta h. 33.8 cm

  33. Three pots, Bankoni, Mali terracotta, 54x22x22 cm

  34. Ritual pot, Djenne, Mali terracotta

  35. Ritual pot, Djenne, Mali, terracotta

  36. Ritual pot, Djenne, Mali, terracotta

  37. Standing figure, Djenne, Mali Bronze, h.24 cm

  38. Male figure, Djenne, Mali Iron, bronze h. 49.5 cm

  39. Royal ornament, Djenne, Mali Copper, brass h.11.4 cm

  40. Crest Mask, Chiwara, Bamana, Mali Wood, 20th century