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EDRASIS HEADQUARTERS Vassilios Ramoutsakis, EDRASIS C. Psalidas SA Angelos Goumas, Dimitrios Mendrinos, CRES. Building and Use. Heating & Cooling System. Heat Pump.

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EDRASIS HEADQUARTERS

Vassilios Ramoutsakis, EDRASIS C. Psalidas SA

Angelos Goumas, Dimitrios Mendrinos, CRES

Building and Use

Heating & Cooling System

Heat Pump

  • The heat pump used at the EDRASIS demonstration site is a prototype developed by OCHSNER Wärmepumpen specifically for the Ground-Med project.
  • It is an improved version of OCHSNER WP model OWWP56S. The machine uses one compressor and R407c as refrigerant.
  • The improvement focus was on COP optimization. For this purpose tasks carried out by the heat pump manufacturer included:
  • calculation and optimization of heat exchangers as evaporator and condenser,
  • design of optimum refrigerant distributor for evaporator with the goal of optimizing refrigerant-impingement for increasing the evaporation pressure on the refrigerant side,
  • theoretical calculation of the amount of refrigerant for all three refrigeration circuits,
  • interpretation of refrigerant lines
  • definition and dimensioning of heat pump components.
  • The result was a heat pump prototype of superior efficiency with 15% improved COP over the marketed machine.
  • Heat pump parameters at 10/6//30/35ºC are:
  • Heating capacity: 57,75 kW
  • Power consumption: 9,76 kW
  • COP: 5,92
  • Improvement: 15%
  • The heat pump prototype is water side reversible. This allows counter-current operation at both the evaporator and condenser in all modes, which results in maximum SPF.
  • Operation reversibility is achieved by 4 three-way valves, as shown in the figures at the right, which allow system operation in three modes: active heating, active cooling and passive cooling. The latter function is introduced in order to maximize system SPF, exploiting the low ground temperatures around the BHE during late spring when mild cooling is needed.

Heating

Building location

photo 2

BHE field

Cooling (Active)

photo 3

Building plan

EDRASIS C. Psalidas SA is a public construction company located near the Athens airport. It hosts the corresponding Ground-Med demo site, in order to cover base load heating and cooling needs of its headquarters, which comprise the main hall, offices, conference rooms and lobbies.

Total area of the building : 2860 m2

Heating power demand: 249kW

Cooling power demand: 273kW

Cooling (Passive)

GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP

SUPPLIER : OCHNER

MODEL: OWWP 56 i

DIMENSIONS 695mm x 585mm x 1850mm

WEIGHT 238 kg

HEATING CAPACITY: 55 kW

(40/35°C in heating circuit, 11/7°C in BHE)

COOLING CAPACITY: 48 kW

(6/10°C in cooling circuit, 30/35°C in BHE)

REFRIGERANT: R407C

COMPRESSOR POWER: 9,75 kWe

WATER PUMP: WILO IPL32/160-1.1/2

PUMP ELECTRICAL POWER: 1,1KW

NOMINAL WATER SUPPLY 2,64 l/s

Borehole Heat Exchanger

Heating & Cooling System

For heating operation the GSHP supplies only the fan coil units on a continuous basis. The total heating load of the fan coils is approximately 65 KW. Whenever the demand is more than 55KW, the existing boiler will be automatically connected by the BMS system.

For cooling operation the GSHP works on a continuous basis connected to the entire system (AHUs and FCUs) up to the its maximum power. When the system requires more than this, the existing chiller is connected to the system, automatically by the BMS.

12BoreholeHEXs, PE 100/16 bar, closed loop, Double U, Ø 32mm, water as working fluid.

Grouting

Above water level: bentonitic cement

Below water level: graded sand or gravel

Borehole Specifications

Depth : 110m

Diameter : 165mm

Spacing : 6 m

Soil Parameters

General soil profile: clay and limestone

Water level: 30 m

Thermal conductivity: 2,016 W/m*K

Volumetric heat capacity: 2,3 kJ/K*m³