Alcohol abuse- continued use of alcohol despite the development of social, legal, or health problems. It is important to note that any alcohol use by underage youth is considered to be alcohol abuse. • Alcohol use- the consumption of alcohol by adults for social or religious purposes without demonstrating the characteristics of alcohol abuse or alcoholism • Alcoholism, also known as alcohol dependence syndrome or alcohol addiction, is a chronic disease involving a strong need to drink, the inability to stop drinking, the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms, and tolerance.
Characteristics of Alcohol Abuse • Failing to fulfill major work, school, or home responsibilities • Drinking in situations that are potentially dangerous, such as driving a car or operating heavy machinery • Experiencing repeated alcohol-related legal problems, such as being arrested for driving while intoxicated • Exhibiting continued drinking despite having relationship problems that are caused or made worse by drinking
Characteristics of Alcoholism • Craving • Impaired control over drinking • Use and abuse of alcohol despite adverse consequences • Failure to acknowledge the problem • Tolerance or need for increasing amounts of alcohol to feel intoxicated • Physical dependence or the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms when alcohol use is discontinued
Areas of the Brain +brain stem
Mice Experiment • http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih3/alcohol/activities/lesson1.htm
Driving Simulation • http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih3/alcohol/activities/lesson5.htm
Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are problems only for the individual drinker
http://science.education.nih.gov • http://ec.europa.eu/health-eu/my_lifestyle/alcohol/index_en.htm • http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/emotional_health/addictions/typesaddiction_alcohol.shtml