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  1. French Revolution

  2. Rashad Harris and Amanda Scudder

  3. France In Poverty • The king Louis XVI lavished money on himself and residences like Versailles • Queen Marie Antoinette was seen as a wasteful spender • Government found its funds depleted as a result of wars Including the funding of the American Revolution • Deficit spending – a government spending more money than it takes in from tax revenues • Privileged classes would not submit to being taxed

  4. Palace of Versailles

  5. The Three Estates

  6. Rein of Terror

  7. After the death of Louis XVI in 1793, the Reign of Terror began. The first victim was Marie Antoinette. She had been prisoned with her kids after she was separated from Louis. First they took her son Louis Charles from her, He disappeared under suspicious circumstances. Then she led off a parade of prominent and not so prominent citizens to their deaths.  The Guillotine was the new justice system, It brought terror to the victims of it while also seen as educational to the people. The Revolutionary times of France  ordered the execution of 2,400 people in Paris by July 1794. Across France 30,000 people lost their lives

  8. Napoleon takes Charge • General political chaos created a need for a strong leader, and Napoleon had control of the army. • Napoleon wanted to make sure that all major groups gained from his rule. So for peasants, • Napoleon made sure that they could keep their land by eradicating Feudalism. He restored • the Catholic Church to its former importance through the Concordat, and the peasants no • longer had to pay tithes. • For the Nobles, Napoleon offered ‘king-like’ stability. He created • titles for some people, though these new nobles had no special privileges. • Napoleon tried to reward talented and hardworking people by setting up the Legion of Honour in 1802

  9. Napoleon Why was Napoleon and France disliked in much of Europe? • Napoleon attempted to capture many other European countries. • France was in great debt, and they were seen as desperate and doing anything to gain funds.

  10. Napoleonic Code • The Code Napoleon, 1804 • The Code stated that: • • All people were declared equal before the law. • There were no longer any special privileges for • Nobles, Churchmen or rich people • • Feudal rights were ended. • • Trial by Jury was guaranteed. • • Religious Freedom was guaranteed. • • Parents were given powers over their children. • • Wives were not allowed to sell or give away • property. • • A wife could only own property with her • husband’s consent in writing. • • Fathers were allowed to imprison their children • for any time up to a month.

  11. In 1804 the Napoleonic Code was • introduced. It had a set of clear • laws, applicable to all members of • French Society. The Code was also • introduced into other parts of • Europe conquered by Napoleon, like • Italy, Spain and some parts of • Germany.

  12. How did he build an empire? • Napoleon kept a well trained and large army. He also created several buffer states between France and the other great powers of Europe. He built his empire literally by his own will, and would always keep one coalition country as an ally while he fought others. France was also able to secure peace treaties like the peace of Amiens 1802 where France agreed to withdraw from the Papal States and Naples.

  13. Peace was Restored • The revolutionary Era left a France in turmoil