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Orientation to DACUM. Developing A CurriculUM. WHAT IS DACUM? . An acronym for Developing A CurriculUM A process for analysis of : a job an occupation a process a function. Who/Why Use DACUM?. Who? Technical Educators Business & Industry Trainers & Managers

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orientation to dacum

Orientation to DACUM

Developing A CurriculUM

what is dacum
  • An acronym for Developing A CurriculUM
  • A process for analysis of :
      • a job
      • an occupation
      • a process
      • a function
who why use dacum
Who/Why Use DACUM?
  • Who?
    • Technical Educators
    • Business & Industry Trainers & Managers
    • Government & Military Agencies
  • Why?
    • Effective
    • Quick
    • Low Cost
  • Expert workers can describe and define their job more accurately than anyone else.
  • An effective way to define a job is to precisely identify the tasks that expert workers perform.
  • In order to perform tasks, certain knowledge, skills, tools and worker behaviors are required.
key terms
Key Terms
  • Duty - general statement of work performed
  • Task - specific,observable units of work
  • Step - detailed, procedural like activity required to perform a task
  • Describes a large area of work in performance terms
  • Serves as a title for a cluster of related tasks
  • Is a general, not specific, statement of work that is performed
  • Is a meaningful, stand alone statement without reference to a job
  • Usually 6 to 12 duties per job
  • Smallest unit of work with a useful outcome
  • Outcome is a product, service or decision
  • Is an assignable unit of work
  • Has a definite beginning and ending point
  • Can be observed and measured
  • Can be performed independent of other task
  • Consists of two or more steps
  • Usually 6 to 20 tasks per duty
duty task relationships
Duty & Task Relationships



Job Divided

Into Duties


Job Divided Into

Duties & Tasks


  • Activities required to perform the task
  • Is the detail of procedures
  • Always two or more steps per task
  • The Dacum panel does NOT identify steps.
  • Curriculum developers will develop the steps.
task statement criteria
Task Statement Criteria
  • Stated in performance, DOING, terms
  • Has a SINGLE action verb
  • Includes an object that receives the action
  • Contains one or more qualifiers
  • Is “crystal” clear
  • Is a stand alone statement, not dependent on the duty or other tasks for meaning
  • Avoids references to tools, equipment and knowledge
components of task statements
Components of Task Statements
  • Verb The verb is in the first person, singular, active voice.
  • Object The object is the thing acted upon by the worker.
  • Qualifier Words or phrases used to modify, describe, clarify the statement.
example 1
Example #1
  • Job Homeowner
  • Duty Maintain the yard
  • Task Mow the lawn
  • Step Start the mower
other duties
Other Duties
  • Job Homeowner
  • Duty
  • Task
  • Step
example 2
Example #2
  • Job Homemaker
  • Duty Prepare meals
  • Task Bake Cookies
  • Step Mix ingredients
other tasks
Other Tasks
  • Job Homemaker
  • Duty Prepare meals
  • Task
  • Step
dacum workshop outcomes
DACUM Workshop Outcomes
  • Precisely stated job duties and task
  • Lists of:
    • General knowledge and skills
    • Worker behaviors
    • Tools, equipment, supplies and materials
    • Future trends/concerns
    • Acronyms (optional)
dacum standards
DACUM Standards
  • All duty and task statements contain a single verb, an object and one or more qualifiers.
  • The same task appears only once.
  • Duties and tasks are logically sequenced.
  • There are 6 to 12 duties per job and 6 or more tasks in each duty.
  • Lists of knowledge, behaviors, tools and trends are developed.
  • A majority of the committee represents expert workers.
workshop ground rules
Workshop Ground Rules
  • Rank and seniority are left at the door
  • Everyone participates equally
  • Share ideas freely
  • Hitchhike on each other’s ideas
  • One person speaks at a time
  • Keep on track
workshop ground rules20
Workshop Ground Rules
  • Offer constructive suggestions rather than criticism
  • Consider and reconsider all task and duty statements carefully
  • Don’t use references
  • Observers cannot participate