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Auschwitz - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Auschwitz. From spring of 1942 until the fall of 1944 transport trains delivered Jews to the camps gas chambers from all over Nazi occupied Europe. Jan 27 1945 Auschwitz was liberated by soviet troupes. Where. Auschwitz Poland, 37 miles west of Krakow. When.

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From spring of 1942 until the fall of 1944 transport trains delivered Jews to the camps gas chambers from all over Nazi occupied Europe. Jan 27 1945 Auschwitz was liberated by soviet troupes.

Where

  • Auschwitz Poland, 37 miles west of Krakow.
When
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It was a very harsh concentration camp in Nazi occupied Poland. Originally a horrific punishment camp for uncooperative Poles, there were three different main camps. Auschwitz I was an extermination camp, Auschwitz II was a women’s forced labor camp, and Auschwitz III was a chemical factory.

Why

  • The Nazis killed anyone they didn’t like for example, gypsies, soviet prisoners of war, Jehovah witnesses, homosexuals, and particularly the Jews. Mainly anyone that was not of the Aryan race.
What
significance

Auschwitz-Birkenau became the killing centre where the largest numbers of European Jews were killed during the holocaust. After an experimental gassing there in September 1941 of 850 malnourished and ill prisoners, mass murder became a daily routine

  • More than any other camp, it has come to epitomize the Holocaust and all the horrors of Nazism.
Significance
experiments

While Auschwitz was in effect, countless medical experiments were performed on the people interned in the camps. The most infamous doctor at Auschwitz was Josef Mengele known as the “angel of death” He particularly was interested in research on identical twins. Mengele performed cruel experiments on them such as inducing disease in one twin and killing the other when the first died to perform comparative autospecies.

Experiments
escape attempts

The most spectacular escape from Auschwitz took place on 20 June 1942, when Ukrainian Eugeniusz Bendera and three Poles, Kazmimierz Piechowski, Stanisław Gustaw Jaster and Józef Lempart made a daring escape. The escapees were dressed as members of the SS, fully armed and in an SS staff car. They drove out the main gate in a stolen automobile

  • For every person who escaped they would take ten people and starve them to death and if they were caught they would be tortured to death.
Escape Attempts