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English grammar. Past. Made by Bogomaz Natalya and Inozemtzev Denis LB1-11-40. Aspects of past tense. Past simple Past progressive Past perfect Past perfect progressive. Forming of the past simple. Main: V 2. * didn’t = did not. Usin g of the past simple.

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English grammar past

English grammar. Past

Made by BogomazNatalya and Inozemtzev Denis

LB1-11-40


Aspects of past tense
Aspects of past tense

  • Past simple

  • Past progressive

  • Past perfect

  • Past perfect progressive


Forming of the past simple
Forming of the past simple

Main: V2

* didn’t = did not


Usin g of the past simple
Using of the past simple

  • For actions which happened:

  • At a definite or stated time in the past.

    They graduatedfour years ago.

  • Repeatedly in the past but don’t happen any more.

    He oftenplayed football with his dad when he was five.

  • Immediately one after the other in the past.

    I left the hotel, took a taxi and drove to the station.

  • To talk about people who are no longer alive.

    Princess Diana visited a lot of schools.


Using of used to
Using of used to

  • Habits or things that do not happen any more.

    Peter used to eat a lot of sweets.

  • In some cases use used to instead of past simple with no difference in meaning (for example: actions which happened repeatedly in the past but don’t happen any more).

    He oftenplayed football with his dad when he was five.He used to play football with his dad when he was five.


Forming of the past progressive
Forming of the past progressive

Main: wasVing

* wasn’t = was not

* weren’t = were not


Usin g of the past progressive
Using of the past progressive

  • In progress at a stated time in the past.

    Yesterday afternoon they were washing the dog.

  • Were in progress, when another action interrupted it.

    He was reading a newspaper when his wife came.

  • For two or more actions which were happening at the same time in the past.

    The people were watching while the cowboy was riding the bull.

  • Background information in a story.

    The sun was shining and the birds were singing.


Forming of the past perfect
Forming of the past perfect

Main: hadV3

* hadn’t = had not


Usin g of the past perfect
Using of the past perfect

  • In the past before another action.

    They had done their homework before they went out to play.

  • Before a stated time in the past.

    She had watered all the flowers by five o’clock in the afternoon.


Forming of the past perfect progressive
Forming of the past perfect progressive

Main: had been V4

* hadn’t = had not


Using of the past perfect progressive
Using of the past perfect progressive

  • Duration of an action which started and finished in the past.

    He had been waiting for the bus for half an hour before it came.

  • Result of an action which happened in the past for some time was evident in the past.

    She was tired. She had been working hard all day.


Resources
Resources

  • Jenny Dooley, Virginia Evans – “Grammarway 2” Express Publishing