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Sahara. desert in northern Africa largest desert in the world at 3,500,000 square miles from Arabic word Al- Sahra. Atlas Mountains. mountain range in north Africa between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara desert extends from Morocco to Tunisia. Sahel. “Transitional Land”

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sahara
Sahara
  • desert in northern Africa
  • largest desert in the world at 3,500,000 square miles
  • from Arabic word Al-Sahra
atlas mountains
Atlas Mountains
  • mountain range in north Africa between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara desert
  • extends from Morocco to Tunisia
sahel
Sahel
  • “Transitional Land”
  • the transitional land between desert land and savanna
  • semi arid land, which is still dry but gets more rain than the desert
lake tanganyika
Lake Tanganyika
  • deepest lake in Africa
  • located in central Africa
  • divided between Burundi, Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia
savanna
Savanna
  • tropical or subtropical grassland containing scattered trees
  • receives enough rain to support drought resistant undergrowth but not enough to support “forest type” vegetation
niger river
Niger River
  • principal river in western Africa
  • runs through Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin and Nigeria
  • significant water source for the city of Timbuktu
slide27

Congo River

  • largest river in western central Africa
  • flows through the 3rd largest rain forest in the world
tropical rainforest
Tropical Rainforest
  • a forest that receives more water through precipitation than is loses through evaporation
    • What are these processes?
  • more than 80 inches of rain per year
  • 1/5 of Africa is rainforest
  • Africa contains 1 of the 3 major rainforests in the world.
drakensberg mountains
Drakensberg Mountains
  • highest mountains in southern Africa
  • located in the eastern portion of South Africa and Lesotho
nile river
Nile River
  • It’s the world’s longest river at 4,150 miles!!!
  • located in eastern Africa
  • depended upon for water
  • Flows north into the Mediterranean sea!
slide43

Kalahari Desert

  • located in south Africa and covers Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa
  • not a “true” desert because it receives 3-10 inches of rain per year
  • because of the precipitation can sustain some animal life
lake victoria
Lake Victoria
  • largest lake in Africa
  • 2nd largest fresh water lake in the world
  • vital in supporting the millions of people that live nearby
zambezi river
Zambezi River
  • southeast African river flowing through Zambia and Angola, also along many of the borders of many countries
  • empties into the Indian Ocean
  • contains Victoria Falls
victoria falls
Victoria Falls
  • It’s the largest and most unique waterfall in the world!
mount kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
  • It’s the tallest free standing volcanic mountain in the world!
  • It is the highest peak in Africa at 19,340 feet!