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Entry-level driver training

Entry-level driver training

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Entry-level driver training

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  1. Entry-level driver training

  2. Areas of training • Driver qualification • Driver wellness • Hours of service • Whistleblower protection 1a

  3. General driver qualification • At least 21 years old • Can read, write, and speak English • Have experience and/or training to safely operate your vehicle • Pass required physical exam 2a

  4. General driver qualification • Have valid motor vehicle operator’s license • Provide employer with list of violations over past 12 months • Are not disqualified to drive a CMV • Passed a road test 2b

  5. General driver qualification • Can determine whether cargo is properly loaded, distributed, and secured • Are familiar with methods and procedures for securing cargo (both goods and passengers) 2c

  6. Physical qualifications • Must pass a physical exam • Must carry a certificate signed by a medical examiner stating you are physically qualified • Employer must keep a copy of certificate in driver qualification file 3a

  7. Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: • Lost a foot, leg, hand, or arm • An impairment of a hand, finger, arm, foot, or leg which interferes with your ability to perform normal tasks associated with driving a CMV • Diabetes requiring insulin for control 3b

  8. Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: • Heart disease, which causes you chest pain, fainting, or shortness of breath • Chest or breathing problems like chronic asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis • High blood pressure likely to interfere with driving 3c

  9. Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: • Loss of movement or feeling in part of your body • Any sickness which is likely to cause loss of consciousness or any loss of ability to control a CMV • Any mental problems likely to interfere with your ability to drive a CMV safely 3d

  10. Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: • Poor vision that affects your ability to see objects that are far away, objects to the side, or traffic signal colors • Poor hearing 3e

  11. Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: • Used certain drugs (unless prescribed by a doctor who has advised you that use will not adversely affect your ability to safely operate a CMV) • A current clinical diagnosis of alcoholism 3f

  12. Driver disqualification (§391.15) You are disqualified if convicted of any of the following while operating a CMV: • Driving with an alcohol concentration of 0.04 percent or more • Driving under the influence of alcohol as prescribed by state law • Refusing to undergo alcohol testing 4a

  13. Driver disqualification (§391.15) You are disqualified if convicted of any of the following while operating a CMV: • Operating under the influence of a controlled substance • Transporting, possessing, or unlawfully using drugs • Leaving the scene of an accident involving a CMV • Committing a felony involving a CMV 4b

  14. Driver disqualification (§391.15) • Disqualification period ranges from 6 months to 3 years depending on severity of the offense 4c

  15. Driver disqualification (§391.15) • Violating an out-of-service order disqualifies you for 90 days to 5 years • Penalties are more severe for drivers of vehicles carrying passengers or hazardous materials 4d

  16. Driver disqualification (§383.51) • Drivers who hold a CDL can be disqualified for certain offenses committed in anytype of vehicle 4e

  17. General Wellness • Eat right • Exercise regularly • Get proper rest • Undergo periodic physical exams 5a

  18. Cholesterol and blood pressure • LDL = Bad cholesterol • HDL = Good cholesterol 6a

  19. Cholesterol and blood pressure • Total cholesterol < 200 • LDL< 130 • HDL > 50 6b

  20. Cholesterol and blood pressure • High blood pressure is dangerous • Can lead to heart and kidney disease 6c

  21. Cholesterol and blood pressure • Blood pressure should be < 140/90 6d

  22. Weight and exercise • Being overweight contributes to many health problems • Eating right and physical activity can help in maintaining a healthy weight 7a

  23. Weight and exercise Eating right includes: • At least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables • Watching fat consumption • Moderating sugar and salt intake • Limiting alcohol use 7b

  24. Weight and exercise • Moderate physical activity for 30 minutes daily can improve well being 7c

  25. Weight and exercise Moderate physical activity includes: • Walking briskly • Conditioning • General calisthenics 7d

  26. Weight and exercise • Consult with your physician before starting any program 7e

  27. Alcohol and drug abuse • Reduces coordination • Slows reaction rates • Dulls mental processes 8a

  28. Stress • A physical or mental response to pressures of an event or factors of living in general • Can be positive or negative • Causes the body to get into survival mode 9a

  29. Stress Prolonged stress can cause: • High blood pressure • Pain • Breathing trouble • Digestive disorders • Insomnia • Fatigue 9b

  30. Stress Prolonged stress can cause: • Frustration • Irritability • Anger • Impatience • Worry • Lack of self confidence 9c

  31. Stress Prolonged stress can lead to: • Accidents • Loss of priorities • Rushing • Inappropriate behavior 9d

  32. Stress Stress-reduction techniques include: • Breaks • Exercise • Proper rest and diet • Deep breathing/yoga • Having fun • Talking to a friend 9e

  33. Fatigue • Ranges from sleepy to exhausted • Can cause involuntary brain shutdown • Most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep 10a

  34. Fatigue Sleep loss of as little as 2 hours can affect: • Judgment • Reaction time • Coordination • Attitude/mood 10b

  35. Fatigue • Circadian rhythm = Body’s internal clock • Most people’s clocks run on a 24-hour basis with high and low points • Disruption of the clock can lead to fatigue 10c

  36. Fatigue Signs of fatigue: • Drowsiness • Yawning • Lack of alertness • Fighting to keep eyes open 10d

  37. Fatigue Signs of fatigue: • Head drooping • Sore/stiff neck muscles • Reduced reaction time 10e

  38. Fatigue Signs of fatigue: • Erratic shifting • Intermittent braking • Following vehicles too closely • Bad driving decisions • Lane deviations/weaving 10f

  39. Fatigue Ways to fight fatigue: • Get a solid 8 hours of sleep • Establish a regular sleep routine • Avoid driving during body’s “down time” • Exercise regularly • Eat properly • Take a nap 10g

  40. Fatigue Good sleeping habits • Sleep in a quiet, dark room • Keep sleeping area comfortable • Have a bedtime routine 10h

  41. Fatigue Sleep apnea • Brief interruptions in breathing • Wakes person so briefly he/she doesn’t know it happened • Can repeat up to 600 times a night causing increased fatigue 10i

  42. Hours of service (property-carrying) 11-hour driving rule • All time behind the wheel is driving time • Must have 10 consecutive hours of rest after 11 hours of driving time 11a

  43. Hours of service (property-carrying) 14-hour rule • May not drive after the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty • Must have 10 consecutive hours of rest 11b

  44. Hours of service (property-carrying) 60-hour/7-day and 70-hour/8-day limit • A driver cannot drive after having been on duty for 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days or 70 hours in any 8 consecutive days 11c

  45. Hours of service (property-carrying) • A driver may do non-driving work after reaching the 60/70 hour limit, but the hours must be added to the total 11d

  46. Hours of service (property-carrying) 34-hour restart • Any period of 7/8 days may end with the start of a 34-hour off-duty period • Can only be used if 60/70-hour limit has not been exceeded 11d

  47. Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: • Graph grid with a remarks section • Date • Total miles driven today • Truck or tractor and trailer number 11e

  48. Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: • Carrier’s name • 24-hour period starting time • Driver’s signature/certification • Main office address 11f

  49. Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: • Co-driver’s name (if applicable) • Total hours in each duty status 11g

  50. Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: • Shipping document number(s) or shipper name and commodity 11h