Jobcoaching and success with dyslexia Hans van de Velde Rotterdam, The Netherlands
CASE 1 • SPECIAL BRAINS • CASE 2 • DYSLEXIA • COACHING • DYSLEXIA COACHING • CASES 3 ….
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Case 1: dyslectic Dutchman (50+) Dyslexia + ADHD *) Son gifted+adhd Medicine (Aurorix) Daugther adhd+dyslexia Lawyer Always the chairman Secretary of Judge Gestalt Therapeutist University Docent Expert Systems Entrepeneur 2e Company already 1980/81 Burnout Success *) Diagnosed 1995 (d) 2005 (adhd)
Case 1: dyslectic Dutchman • How did he succeed with his dyslexia? • Change Primary school : crisis + ‘adoption’ • Highschool : lonely outsider + the concierge • 13 yr : newspaper delivary and cleaning offices • 17 yr: substituting the boss on his holliday • 20-30 yr: studying law • 30 yr: manager changes his job computer/law • 34 yr: change job to university teacher • 38 yr: a yin/yang business associate success!
Case 1: dyslectic Dutchman • How did I succeed with my dyslexia? • Intelligence (Estonia, 2007) • Being challenged builds character • Capricorn ‘still going strong up the mountain’ (?) • People supporting or even ‘adopting’ me • Headmaster, Neighbours, Concierge, Boss, Manager, • Partner, Associate : they have seen my qualities! • Hard working, Therapy, ….. • Sublimate in Textprocessing and Expertsystems !
special brains Giftedness / Higher Intelligence Verbal-Performal Gap AUTISM, ASPERGER, PDD-NOS NLD, Dyscalculia ADHD, Dyspraxia And Dyslexia
special brains Why do we call this ‘disorders’? Proposal: Let’s talk about “displacement” from now on. ‘School-disorder’ : school doesn’t know how to deal with qualities ‘Management-disorder’ : doesn’t know how to use divers people
brainstructure genes ADHD Autism Etc ….. behaviour learning feeling conduct- dyslexia anxiety disorder dyscalculia depression Chemistry : noradrenaline, serotonine, etc
In 2015 it will be normal to say: “My Amygdala is overheated”
A warning for the future. About my responsibility About me making choices The disappearing free will
genes thoughts feelings learned history Environment Genen Me
Genes Environment Me?
Genes Environment Me
Dyslexia genes FISHER Simon E. e.a. 2006 “…cognitive architecture of disordered and normal reading …. candidate genes correlate to dyslexia DYX1C1 *) , KIAA0319, DCDC2 and ROBO1 !! …. none of these genes is specific to reading- related neuronal circuits, or even to the human brain! They have a roles in neuronal migration orconnectivity.” *) Finnish prof.Juha Kere (2003)
case 2 Company medic (39) His Dyslexia list to work on Text/email handling Authority Pre-informtation form Procratination I’ll do it alone Priorities Bigger picture Fear to fail Voice stammers Daring Hand/eye-coordination SWOT Stand up for my qualities Co-morbidity Communicate with employers/employees
medical doctors Nel Hofmeester (2007) *) Research 28 med.doctors All found their own solutions, like visiting a congress in stead of reading the book, reading summaries, use spellingcorrector. They all see qualities of a dyslect: personal contact patient, practice, problemsolving, perseverance, diagnostic puzzles, associative thinking. *) collegue of Dutch Dyslexia Association
dyslexia • We discussed: • Genes and brains • Genes and environment • Now we look at: • The personal process • from detection to responsibelity • Qualities
dyslexia • THE PROCESS FASES • Detection • Diagnoses • Understanding • Overcoming • Taking Reaponsibility • Learning • Your Personal Medal
dyslexia Detection How to detect dyslexia in an adult? Procrastination Ask for school experience Likes to read books? Planning/timemanagement problems Communication signals Look at his/her emails
dyslexia Detection How to detect dyslexia in an adult? The coach does the screening Compares costs and benefits of tests So only test of necessary
dyslexia Detection Learning Gateway: European network instruments detecting dyslexia /NLD Left/right Word finding Map reading Tables (8 * 6 = 48) Read aloud Fill in forms Read speed Pronounciation Spelling Name all ….. Handwriting etc
dyslexia detection Visit your client at home and in the office
dyslexia Detection Symptoms Of Concentration Problems
dyslexia Diagnoses • Hire a professional psychologist/psychiatrist • who can distinguish for example: • “concentrational problems” • Adhd - Burnout • Dyslexie - PDD-NOS • Gilles de la Tourette - Attachment Dis… • Anxiety - …….
dyslexia Diagnoses Co-morbidity…Dyslexia never comes alone!
dyslexia Understanding This is the pre-acceptance fase. You have to know what ‘it’ is and means, Before you can really accept it.
dyslexia Overcoming Insecurity Fear to fail Frustration Perfectionism Feelings of inferiority, outsider, not belong Depression Trauma (being treated as a stupid person)
dyslexia Taking responsibility Tell them: This is your handicap, it is your life! Explain the eternal triangle of Victim, Savior and Prosecutor You have to solve your problems, find solutions, make something out of it.
dyslexia Learning • Client has to learn: • How to cope with it • How to let people help him/her • How to create yin/yang cooperation • To stop “I’ll do it alone again.” • Learn better read/write (or just leave it)? • Or learn ‘smart’ of ‘intuitive’ reading • (skipping the crap)
dyslexia Learning • Client has to learn: • Train your brain • Develop habits (day-to-day structure) • Co-operate: pass on the ball (tennis) • Understand the difference: • Dysl.: holistic thinker (jump to conclusions) • Non-Dysl.: Reason/think step by step
dyslexia Personal Medal Frontside: “Succes with Dyslexia” Backside: “Burden with letters”
dyslexia Personal Medal • Typical Dyslectic Qualities to discover • Visual, picture-smart, 3-dimensional • Creative, inventive, renewer • Original, dreaming, fantasy • Problem solver • Out-of-the-box thinking • Non-routine, non-automated worker
dyslexia Success Intelligence, Parents, Dyslexia ? • Estonia : Intelligence+Motivation+Soc.Econ • (Tarmo Strenze) • Germany : Prisoners with dyslexia • England : Entrepreneurs with dyslexia • From a statistical point of view
Dyslexia Personal Qualities 8 1/2 intelligences • Linguistic • Musical • Logical- mathematical • Spatial • Bodily-Kinaesthetic • Intrapersonal • Interpersonal • Naturalistic • (Spiritual/Existential)
By the way: How many of you know Gardner?
Gardner in Excel By the way: Gardner himself hated this sort of calculation!
Dyslexia in the Netherlands • 4% of the Dutch people = 750.000 • That’s 525.000 adults! • 10 yr Research children 1-10yr • the V1 brain-area • Qaly’s and Society cost • Hakkaart e.a.(2007) + student
Dyslexia in the Netherlands Hakkaart e.a. Relative ‘Quality Adjusted Life Years’ Severe Hearing Impairness 0,81 Epilepsy 0,83 Severe dyslexia(4%) 0,83 ADHD 0,88 Eczema 0,93 Stammer/stutter 0,93
Dyslexia in the Netherlands Hakkaart e.a. Society Costs and Benefits School children treatment according to Protocol € 4.500 Benefits: higher educational level, higher start and end at labormarket, higher income, so higher National Income and National production, less costs of heathcare and unemployement