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Lok Jumbish. A ‘People's Movement’. The literal meaning of Lok Jumbish is 'people's movement' which signifies both the spirit and mode of universalisation of elementary education Launched in 1992 to universalise elementary education  of satisfactory quality in Rajasthan.

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lok jumbish

Lok Jumbish

A ‘People's Movement’

CAM Toolkit for Engineers

slide2
The literal meaning of Lok Jumbish is 'people's movement' which signifies both the spirit and mode of universalisation of elementary education
  • Launched in 1992 to universalise elementary education  of satisfactory quality in Rajasthan.
  • Government of India and Government of Rajasthan  jointly formulated the project in wake of the National Policy on Education, 1986.
  • The Swedish International Development Authority  agreed to provide the funds with a funding pattern of Swedish International Development Authority, Government of India and Government of Rajasthan in the ratio of 3:2:1.

CAM Toolkit for Engineers

objectives
Objectives
  • Improving The Quality Of Education
  • Enrolment Of Girls
  • Education Of Minority Children
  • Low Cost Hostels
  • Education & Development of Children With Disabilities
  • Non-Formal Education
  • Minimum Levels of Learning
  • School Buildings Development Programme Through Local Participation

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the management system
The Management System
  • Lok Jumbish aimed to achieve basic education for all through active participation of the local community
  • People to manage and, where necessary, modify the delivery system
  • Experiences at the grassroots level helped to shape the implementation and modification of the LJ programmes
  • Decentralised, ‘bottom-up process.’Antithetical to a centralised, hierarchical way of functioning

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bottom to top approach
Bottom to Top Approach

Village Level Committees/Building Nirman Samitis/Women’s Groups

  • Community members who liaison with LJ personnel

Cluster Level

  • staff are paid LJ employees.
  • most important level of management.
  • planned and implemented the school-mapping exercises with the villagers
  • organised training for the village level committees, and NFE centres and provide technical help in the preparation of various proposals

Block Steering Group

  • Project officer
  • 2-3 Assistant project officer
  • 1 women officer (samyukta)

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slide6

Block Education Management Committee

  • Members include LJ personnel at the block steering group
  • representatives from the panchayat samitis (elected local self-governing bodies)
  • officers of the education department of the government of Rajasthan
  • The chair, nominated by the administrative committee of LJ an eminent educator or an important public servant.
  • decisions regarding the opening or upgrading of schools and improving the quality of education; it also provided guidance regarding the implementation of LJ programmes.

Area Coordinator

  • in charge of seven to eight blocks.
  • assistance in establishing block steering group offices,
  • organising, training cluster personnel,
  • selecting cluster staff

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slide7

Establishing Needs

Estimation & Preparation of Items

Implementation of Works

Lok Jumbish Parishad

Block Steering Group

Mobilising Agency

Core Group

School Mapping

Village Education Committee

School Enrollment Data

Micro Planning

Block Steering Group

Establishing Needs

Lok Jumbish

The Process

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slide8

Consulting Architects

Lok Jumbish Parishad

Appointment

Appointment

Block Project Officer

Block Steering Group

Inputs

Mobilising Agency

Field Architect/Engineer

Organisation &Training Programme

Technical Inputs

Building Construction Committee

Estimation & Item Preparation

Appointment

Technical Inputs

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slide9

Implementation of

Work

Lok Jumbish Parishad

Block Steering Group

Mobilising Agency

Field Architect/Engineer

Building Construction Committee

Masons

Materials

Supervision

Labour

Newly Renovated/Constructed Building With Learning Aids

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activities undertaken
Activities Undertaken

Structural repairs

These were mostly undertaken for cracks in the foundation and superstructure masonry due to improper bonding and bad workmanship. About 40 % sites required the structural repairs of cracks in foundation or superstructure.

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slide11

General repairs

These included that of the floor, plaster, roof waterproofing, doors and windows. 92% sites had a leaking roof, in rains, which wer repaired.

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slide12

Additional provisions

These included provisions of new windows and ventilators, storage spaces, drinking water facility, toilet facility, new floor, sit-outs, etc. Toilets and urinals were made in only 24 % sites since proper water supply was not assured by the community in some of the sites. Additional storage space in the form of almirahs or lofts were required in about 67% sites. New windows and ventilators, to improve light and ventilation, were needed in about 60% of the sites.

Indoor environment enhancement

These included making new black / green- broads, window grills, provision for keeping and using soft learning aids in the classroom, etc. While new black broads were needed and made in 87% of the sites, green broads were made in about 83 %. Although window security grills were needed and made in 58% of the sites, the 'learning grills' could be made in only 12 % sites. Painting and white washing was done almost all the sites

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slide13

The outdoor environment enhancement

These included making of outdoor learning pits, platforms, engraved letters and numerals, engraving learning exercises in walls and floors, new roof parapet, etc. Environment enhancement items like making of patterned 2 parapet on the roof were made in several sites. Making learning pits and engraved letters and exercises was carried out only in about 15% of the schools because only these schools had the ideal combination of a good BCC and promising site elements. These figures include only the major learning aid intervention sites.

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impact
Impact
  • In the 1,500 or so NFE centres functioning, there were 20,000 girls and 9,200 boys receiving education.
  • As of December, 1996 operationalised in 186 clusters with mapping done in 1,878 villages.
  • Over 1,200 women’s groups had been formed, 1,500 Sehaj Shiksha centres established and almost 6,000 teachers trained
  • Participation rates in primary education in 240 villages increased from 1994-95 to 1996-97 from 60% to 79% for boys and from 27% to 59% for girls.

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update
Update
  • Lok Jumbish Phase-III envisaged that a beginning of implementation of Lok Jumbish programmes would be made in small urban towns
  • Meeting was organized during December 2000 in order to develop an understanding regarding working in urban areas
  • Workshop held on 7th July 2001, on the same issue which among others was attended by Pratham - a Mumbai based NGO working in the field area, Bodh - a Jaipur based NGO working in the same field and Jan Shalas, a UN-GOR jointly funded programme for working in urban areas.
  • August 2000 DFID agreed to fund the project

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slide16

Thank You

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