History. DNA Stucture. Replication. Protein Synthesis. Evolution. Karotypes. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. Next round. History? 100.
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Discovered transformation in experiments with mice and bacteria
Ans: Who is Griffith?
Supported Griffith’s work using enzymes to destroy DNA, RNA, and Protein
Ans: Who is Avery?
Ans: Who is Hershey and Chase?
Blender experiment with isotopes
Woman who provided the x-ray proof for the structure of DNA
Ans: Who is Rosalind Franklin?
Ans: Who are James Watson and Francis Crick?
The two men who take the credit for discovering the structure of DNA
The sides of the DNA ladder are made of these
Ans: What are deoxyriboses and phosphates?
The rules for base pairing in DNA
Ans: What is A=T, C=G?
Ans: What are Adenine and Guanine?
Pure American Girl
(which bases are purines?
Ans: What are single stranded, Uracil instead of Thymine, ribose instead of Deoxyribose?
Three ways that RNA is different from DNA
The type of bond between base pairs
Ans: What is hydrogen bond?
One new strand, one old strand
Ans: What is semi-conservative replication?
Enzyme that unzips the double helix
Ans: What is helicase?
Ans: What is DNA polymerase?
Enzyme used to add in new base pairs
Ans: What are nucleotides?
(sugar, phosphate, and nitrogen base)
Building blocks of DNA
Ans: What are substitutions (mis-sense, non-sense, silent, frameshifts (insertions, deletions)?
Types of mutations
Ans: What is the ribosome?
Organelle where it occurs
Ans: What are tRNA molecules?
Carry amino acids to the mRNA
Building blocks of proteins
Ans: What are amino acids?
Ans: What is a codon?
3 base group on mRNA
Ans: What is methionine, start?
AUG codes for this
Creates changes in DNA sequence that can lead to phenotypic changes
Ans: What is a mutation?
Ans: What is a more recent common ancestor?
Less differences in amino acids in a gene between species
Ans: What DNA nucleotides (A,T,C,G)?
All living organisms have the same type of
Ans: What is sequence of bases and/or amount of DNA?
DNA between organisms differs in
Ans: What is a common ancestor for each line from the branching point?
a branching point in a cladogram
Ans: What is 23?
Number of chromosome pairs in normal human
Ans: What are XX and XY?
Sex chromosomes for male and female
Ans: What 47XX +21?
Notation for female with Down’s syndrome
Ans: What is trisomy?
Three copies of a chromosome
Ans: What is failure to separate during meiosis (non-disjunction)?
Extra and/or missing chromosomes occur because
The central Dogma (step by step explanation)
ANS: What is DNA Replication Transcription Translation?