Greek Theater By: Alberto Treglia, Christo Steyn, and Marco Palestri Brief Biography on Aeschylus and Euripides
Greek Theater • The first theater was born in Attica, an Ionic region of Greece. • It originated from the ceremonial orgies of Dionysus, but soon enough its fields of interest started to spread to various myths along with historical facts. • As ancient drama was an institution of Democracy because the great tragic poets Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and also the comedian Aristophanes, elevated public debate and political criticism. • The ancient Greek theater was composed by three major parts: the Orchestra, the Scene and the main theater, called Koilon.
Euripidies • He was born in 480 BC in Halandri, Athens. • His parents were very poor but he was well educated, being a student of Anaxagoras and a close friend to Socrates. • He wrote 72 works, 19 of which are saved (18 tragedies and 1 satiric drama: "The Cyclops"). • He died violently in 406 in Pella, killed by wild dogs.
Aeschylus • He was born in Elefsina in 525 BC. His father was Ephorion and he was a descendant of the glorious line of Kodrites. His family was noble and wealthy. • He participated in the battle of Marathon (490 BC) and in the battleship of Salamina (480 BC) against the Persians, where he showed great braveness. • He was awarded with 13 first prizes. As an acknowledgement to his work and his contribution to the theater, the Athenians voted a law for the obligatory production of his works. • Aeschylos died in Gela of Sicely in 455 BC. Tradition reports as a cause of death the fall of a turtle on his head. • Only 7 of his 74 works are preserved today.
Euripidies & Aeschylus’ Works Euripidies 1. Rhesus (450 BC) 2. Alcestis (438 BC) 3. Medea (431 BC) 4. The Heracledae (430 BC) 5. Hippolytos (428 BC) 6. Hecabe (424 BC) 7. Andromache (427-424 BC) 8. The Suppliants (422 BC) 9. Heracles (422-416 BC) 10. Helectra (420-410 BC) 11. The Trojan Women (415 BC) 12. Helen (412 BC) 13. Ion (414-412 BC) 14. Iphigenia in Tauris (413-412BC) 15. The Phoenissae (410-409 BC) 16. Iphigenia in Avlis (410BC) 17. The Bacchae (410 BC) 18. The Cyclops (408 BC) 19. Orestes (408 BC) Aeschylus 1.The Persians (472 BC) 2.The seven against Thebes (467BC) 3.The Suppliants (464 BC) 4.Agamemnon (458 BC) 5.Choephorae (458 BC) 6.Eumenides (458 BC) 7.Prometheus Bound (431 BC)
Sources • http://www.theaters.gr/index2.html The end...