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The Challenge of Change. Chapter 13. Facing Change. Chapter 13.1. Facing Change. There is a process people go through as they adapt to change. Life changes can include moving, financial problems, unemployment, and natural disasters. . The Change Process. Change is a part of life:

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facing change

Facing Change

Chapter 13.1

facing change1
Facing Change

There is a process people go through as they adapt to change.

Life changes can include moving, financial problems, unemployment, and natural disasters.

the change process
The Change Process

Change is a part of life:

  • Some changes are expected
  • Some changes catch you off guard
  • Change happens at every level of society
  • Changes occur with family life cycle
the change process1
The Change Process

Change and how people react to it

Five-step process:

  • Denial (nothing has changed)
  • Resistance (anger & frustration)
  • Acceptance (regroup & re-think)
  • Transition (begin to focus on future)
  • Commitment (commit to the new future)
the change process2
The Change Process

Reactions to Change

People react differently.

Some people like change.

Some people don’t like changes.

Resilient people handle change well.

They plan or make a strategy for change

See change as a challenge!

life changes
Life Changes


  • Sadness about leaving
  • Anxious about new place
  • Discuss plans openly with family
  • Visit first
  • Allow children to help with move
  • Adjustment requires making an effort
  • Can be an exciting family challenge
  • Can draw the family closer
  • New location has new opportunities
life changes1
Life Changes

Financial Problems

  • Wide range
  • Job loss
  • Medical issues
  • Stage of family life
  • Dealing with financial problems:
    • Prepare for financial problems – save!
    • Economize
    • Sacrifice or give up something
  • Get help from outside sources
life changes2
Life Changes

Get Help with Large Financial Problems

  • Many families have debt or are “in debt” – a debt is something that is owed.
  • A creditor is someone to whom a debt is owed
  • Most creditors will work to help to find ways topay the debt
  • Bankruptcy is for extreme cases of debt
    • It is a legal process that declares a person unable to pay debts.
    • Use as a last resort
  • Shelters and community resources
  • Government resources
life changes3
Life Changes


  • Unemployment means not having a job. Loss of income + more
  • Unemployment can damage a person’s identity
  • Health problems due to stress
  • Depression
  • Affects the family
    • Young children are hardest hit
life changes4
Life Changes

Coping with Unemployment

  • Unemployment is a family problem
    • Family can be own best resource
    • Unemployment insurance lasts ~ 1 year
    • Savings is important
    • Be persistent in looking for work
    • Older children can help with family work
    • Teens can contribute income to family
life changes5
Life Changes


  • Natural or man-made
  • Wise to have a family disaster plan
  • Death of family member
  • Plan for life after a disaster
    • Insurance coverage enough?
stress management

Stress Management

Chapter 13.2

stress management1
Stress Management

Stress is physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension.

People can recognize, limit, and manage their stress.

understand stress
Understand Stress

Stress is physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension

Tea kettle analogy

Many everyday situations cause stress

Troublesome events cause stress

understand stress1
Understand Stress

Symptoms of Stress

  • Everyone feels stress, but not the same way
  • It can affect every part of person’s life
manage stress
Manage Stress

Stress-free is not as good as it sounds

Stress can be helpful!

manage stress1
Manage Stress

Stress Management is learning strategies to cope with the demands of life.

Learn to recognize your stress signals!

  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat for your health (regular meals)
  • Get plenty of sleep
  • Prioritize your activities
  • Talk it out (trusted adult)
manage stress2
Manage Stress

Limit Stress in Your Life

  • Recognize what makes you stressed and work to eliminate that cause
  • Maintain Good Health
    • Healthy eating habits; 8 hours sleep; exercise regularly; avoid harmful substances; get regular medical checkups
manage stress3
Manage Stress

Deal with Stress in Your Life

  • Maintain Good Health
  • Manage your life well
    • Gaining a sense of control helps
    • Set goals and work toward them
    • Plan for the unexpected
    • Manage your time productively
manage stress4
Manage Stress

Deal with Stress

  • Learn to Relax!
    • Make time to relax (hobbies)
    • Listen (soothing music)
    • Get active (exercise to release tension)
    • Reflect (think about good things)
    • Meditate (use your imagination)
    • Discuss (talk to someone you trust)
manage stress5
Manage Stress

Deal with Stress in Your Life

  • Use your support system
    • Parent or older sibling
    • Other trusted adult (identify!)
    • Strong relationships help you to cope with stress
manage stress6
Manage Stress

Deal with Stress in Your Life

  • Release Emotions
    • A good cry can sometimes help
    • If feel need to lash out, exercise vigorously
  • Take appropriate action
    • When you take charge of a situation, you feel better.
    • Taking charge reduces epinephrine (a stress hormone)
manage stress7
Manage Stress

Deal with Stress in Your Life

  • Use Positive Self-Talk
    • Positive, but realistic, self-talk increases confidence
    • Be optimistic, hopeful in your approach to life.
chapter summary
Chapter Summary

Section 13.1 – Facing Change

  • Change is a constant in life for families, businesses, and society as a whole.
  • It is part of every stage of the family life cycle.
  • Change is a five-step process.
  • People react differently to change.
  • Those who deal with it best are resilient.
  • They see change as a challenge.
chapter summary1
Chapter Summary

Section 13.1 – Facing Change, continued

  • There are many life changes.
  • Moving can be a major change for a family.
  • Financial problems and unemployment create many changes for families.
  • Natural disasters, war, and terrorist acts also cause change for those whose lives are affected.
chapter summary2
Chapter Summary

Section 13.2 Stress Management

  • Stress is physical, mental or emotional strain or tension.
  • It can cause physical, mental, or emotional symptoms.
  • Stress management helps people cope with the demands of life.
  • The first step is to recognize the symptoms of stress.
  • Then people can take action to reduce the cause of the stress.
chapter summary3
Chapter Summary

Section 13.2 Stress Management

  • In general, people who are in good health and who manage their lives well help limit the stress they feel.
  • To deal with stress, people use their support systems.
  • They release emotions and take action.
  • They use positive self-talk