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CLASSIFICATION REVIEW. Chapter 18. 1. Name the 3 domains. Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya. 2. Organisms are divided into the 3 DOMAINS based on the kind of ________________ they have. Ribosomal RNA. 3. Name this diagram used to showevolutionary relationships between organisms. cladogram.

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slide2
1. Name the 3 domains

Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya

2. Organisms are divided into the

3 DOMAINS based on the kind of

________________ they have.

Ribosomal RNA

slide4

Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista,

Fungi, Plantae, Animalia

4. Name the 6 Kingdoms

5. Which kingdoms belong in the DOMAIN EUKARYA?

Protista, Fungi, Animalia, Plantae

slide5

Protista

______________

______________

_______________

_______________

6. Name the KINGDOM for each of these:

Animalia

Plantae

Archaebacteria

slide6

Fungi

______________

______________

_______________

7. Name the Kingdom for each of these:

Eubacteria

Animalia

slide7
8. Bacteria that “like” living in HOT environments like volcano vents

thermophiles

9. Group or level of organization into

which organisms are classified

TAXON

slide8
10. Bacteria that “like” living in

very SALTY environments

halophiles

11. Classification system in which each

species is assigned a two-part

scientific name

Binomial nomenclature

slide9
12. The evolutionary history of an

organism

phylogeny

13. Diagram that shows evolutionaryrelationship based on comparing

derived characters

cladogram

slide10
14. Characteristics that appear in recent parts of a lineage but not in its older members

Derived characters

15. The science of classifying organisms and

assigning each organism a unique

universally accepted scientific name

taxonomy

slide11
16. Large taxonomic group made up of closely related phyla; top level in Linnaeus’s classification hierarchy

Kingdom

slide12

Phylum (pl. phyla)

17. Group of closely related classes

18. Model that uses DNA comparisons to

estimate the length of time that two

species have been evolving

independently

Molecular clock (not for summer school)

slide13

CLASS

19. Group of similar orders

20. Most inclusive taxonomic category

based on ribosomal RNA;

larger than a kingdom

DOMAIN

slide14

ORDER

21. Group of similar families

22. Swedish botanist who came up with

a classification system that groups

organisms in a 7 level hierarchy and

gives each a 2 part scientific name

Carolus Linnaeus

slide15
23. Group of genera (plural of genus) that share many characteristics

FAMILY

24. Greek philosopher and teacher that

came up with the first classification

system that separated organisms into

2 groups … plants or animals

Aristotle

slide16

genus

25. The first part of a 2 part scientific

name

26. Polysaccharide molecule used in

plant cell walls to make them sturdy

cellulose

slide17
27. The second part of a two partscientific name

Species

28. Hereditary information found in

all living things

DNA

slide18
29. Kingdom that includes all prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell walls

Eubacteria

30. Kingdom that includes all

multicellulareukaryotic heterotrophs

with no cell walls or chloroplasts

Animalia

slide19
31. Kingdom with includes heterotrophic eukaryotes with chitin in their cell walls

Fungi

32. Kingdom that includes multicellular

eukaryotes that have chloroplasts for

photosynthesis and have cell walls

made of cellulose

Plantae

slide20
33. Kingdom that includes prokaryotes without peptidoglycan in their cell walls

Archaebacteria

34. Kingdom composed of eukaryotes that

are not classified as plants, animals, or fungi;

Some have cell walls made of cellulose

and chloroplasts

Protista

slide21
35. The scientific name for red maple is Acer rubrum. To which species does it belong?

rubrum

~Silly phrase that will help you toremember the 7 hierarchy levels in Linnaeus’s classification system.

Kids prefer cheese over fried green spinach.

Kings play chess on fat green stools.

slide22
36. NAME the 7 taxonomic levels in Linnaeus’s hierarchy in order starting with the largest

_________________

_________________

_________________

_________________

_________________

_________________

_________________

Kingdom

Phylum

Class

Order

Family

Genus

Species

slide23
37. Name the original Kingdom in the 5-Kingdom system that was split into 2 separate bacterial kingdoms

MONERA

38. Name the two kingdoms that

resulted from this split

Eubacteria & Archaebacteria

slide24
39. The scientific name for red maple is

Acer rubrum. To which genus does it belong?

Acer

40. The correct way to write the scientific name for lion is ________

Panthera leo panthera leoPanthera Leo Panthera leo

Panthera leo orPanthera leo

1st name capitalized, second name lower case,

Underlined or in italics

slide25
41. Name the 6 Kingdoms used to classify organisms today

Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi,

Plantae, Animalia

42.The correct scientific name for

humans is _______ ________

Homo sapiens(OR Homo sapiens)

slide26
43. Name the two languages used

by scientists when coming up with a scientific name

Greek & Latin

44. Suppose you discover a new single-celled organism. It has a nucleus, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. Into which Kingdom would you place it?

PROTISTA- unicellular, eukaryote, with chloroplasts

slide27
45. What must you know about a

prokaryote to know which domain it belongs in?

Does its cell wall have peptidoglycan?

46. Give an example of an organism

in the fungi kingdom.

Mushrooms, yeast, mold

slide28

Eukarya

______________

______________

_______________

_______________

47. Name the DOMAIN for each of these:

Eukarya

Eukarya

Archaea

slide29

Eukarya

______________

______________

_______________

48. Name the DOMAIN for each of these:

Bacteria

Eukarya

slide30

49. Polymer made of sugars and proteins

found outside the cell membrane in

eubacteria = ___________________

PEPTIDOGLYCAN

slide31

50. Molecule found in the cell walls of

FUNGI that makes them different from plants

chitin

slide32
51. Give an example of an organism

in the Archaebacteria kingdom.

Halophiles, thermophiles,

52. A cell with a nucleus

eukaryote

slide33
53. Organisms are grouped into DOMAINS based on _________________.

Ribosomal RNA

54. Organisms in the Archaebacteria kingdom belong

in the ______________ domain.

Archaea

slide34
55. Organism that can make its own food using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis

autotroph

56. Cell with out a nucleus

prokaryote

slide35

EUBACTERIA

Includes PROKARYOTESwith peptidoglycan in their

cell walls

Includes HETEROTROPHICEUKARYOTES with CHITIN

in their cell walls

Includes HETEROTROPHICEUKARYOTES withoutchloroplasts or cell walls

______________

______________

_______________

57. Name the KINGDOM for each of these:

FUNGI

ANIMALIA

slide36

Includes PROKARYOTESWITHOUT peptidoglycan in

their cell walls

Includes AUTOTROPHICEUKARYOTES with chloroplasts

& cellulose in their cell walls

Includes EUKARYOTES

(some with chloroplasts and cellulose

In their cell walls) that aren’t plants, animals,

or fungi

ARCHAEBACTERIA

______________

______________

_______________

58. Name the KINGDOM for each of these:

PLANTAE

PROTISTA

slide37
59. Which DOMAIN includes all the living things whose cell have a nucleus?

Eukarya

60. Which kingdom includes the most diverse group

of organisms because it contains any eukaryotes

that don’t fit in the fungi, animal, or plant kingdoms?

Protista

slide38
61. Which DOMAIN includes all the living things whose cells have a nucleus?

Eukarya

62. Which kingdom includes the most diverse group

of organisms because it contains any eukaryotes

that don’t fit in the fungi, animal, or plant kingdoms?

Protista

slide39

Organizing Life’s Diversity

Vocabulary

Section 1

classification

taxonomy

binomial nomenclature

taxon

genus

family

order

class

phylum

division

kingdom

domain

slide40

Organizing Life’s Diversity

Vocabulary

Section 2

phylogeny

character

molecular clock

cladistics

cladogram