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DOG. What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?. Chapter 18 The Western Frontier. Section 1- The Mining Booms. Pike’s Peak or Bust. Gold found here in 1885. Lodes. Rich streaks of ORE sandwiched between layers of rocks. Ore. Rocks that contain minerals

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  • What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?
chapter 18 the western frontier

Chapter 18The Western Frontier

Section 1- The Mining Booms

pike s peak or bust
Pike’s Peak or Bust
  • Gold found here in 1885
  • Rich streaks of ORE sandwiched between layers of rocks
  • Rocks that contain minerals
  • What was the Comstock Lode?

The streak of silver found in Nevada

comstock lode
Comstock Lode
  • Found on the Carson River in Nevada
henry comstock
Henry Comstock
  • Owned a share of the claim
  • Sold it for 11,000 and 2 mules
  • Towns that grew overnight around mining towns
virginia city nevada
Virginia City, Nevada
  • Site of the Comstock Boomtown
  • Citizens acting as a judge, jury, and executioner
ghost towns
Ghost Towns
  • Deserted Boomtowns
the railroad
The Railroad
  • Grew between 1865 and 1890
  • The Government paid them to build tracks
  • Financial aid from the government
transcontinental rail line
Transcontinental Rail Line
  • A train that could connect each coast
  • What are the names of the two coasts in the U.S.?
  • Atlantic, and Pacific
railroad companies
Railroad Companies

Union Pacific

Central pacific

what are the 4 time zones called
What are the 4 time zones called?
  • Eastern
  • Central
  • Mountain
  • Pacific
chapter 18
Chapter 18
  • Section 2
mexico and texas
Mexico and Texas
  • Settled by the Spanish
  • Cattle found in Texas
  • Tough enough to survive the desert and heat
open range
Open Range
  • Not fenced or divided into property lots
where were the cow towns located and why
Where were the cow towns located and Why?
  • Near railroads so that the cows should be shipped east to bigger cities
  • Hispanic ranch hands (cowboys)
homestead act
Homestead Act
  • Gave 160 acres of land to any settler who paid the filing fee
  • Owning a piece of land because you settled it
  • The migration of freed slaves to the west
  • Farmers on the plains
  • What is Sod?
dry farming
Dry Farming
  • Planting seeds deep in the ground where there is some moisture
boomers and sooners
Boomers and Sooners
  • Boomers went to Oklahoma to claim free land
  • Sooners got there first
chapter 181
Chapter 18
  • Section 3 – Begin Reading Chapter 18, Section III
american story
American Story


Crazy Horse

  • People who follow their food
plains indian tribes
Plains Indian Tribes


Osage Chief Black dog

sioux governing council
Sioux Governing Council
  • Worked like a city council
threats to the buffalo
Threats to the Buffalo
  • The Indians used everything
  • The Settlers shot them for fun
  • Pieces of land set aside for the Indians
the dakota territory
The Dakota Territory
  • The lands set aside for the Sioux Indians to live on
bureau of indian affairs
Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Was set up to manage all the Indian tribes
red cloud
Red Cloud
  • Was the leader of the Sioux warriors
the minnesota territory
The Minnesota Territory
  • Where Red Cloud and his warriors destroyed settler’s homes in 1862
the lakota people
The Lakota People
  • Were the original owners of the land where Mount Rushmore is today
the bozeman trail
The Bozeman Trail
  • A route used by gold miners to get through Montana
crazy horse
Crazy Horse
  • Joined Sitting Bull and the Cheyenne Warriors to attack Custer
red cloud and crazy horse
Red Cloud and Crazy Horse
  • Leaders of the Sioux attacks on white settlers
fort lyon
Fort Lyon
  • Where several Sioux warriors surrendered to the Army
chief black kettle
Chief Black Kettle
  • Leader of the Cheyenne who were attacked when they came in peace
john chivington
John Chivington
  • Led the attack on Black Kettle and the Cheyenne
the black hills
The Black Hills
  • Located in North Dakota
  • Gold was found here and men came onto Sioux land to get it
sitting bull
Sitting Bull
  • Leader of the Sioux
  • Refused to sell any land to U.S.
battle of little big horn
Battle of Little Big Horn
  • When Sitting Bull , the Sioux leader, and Crazy Horse , the Cheyenne leader, attacked and killed General Custer and his men
lt colonel george custer
Lt. Colonel George Custer
  • Led his men to a massacre by the Cheyenne at Little Big Horn
  • The last of the Indians to surrender
chief joseph of the nez perce
Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce
  • “I Will Fight No More…..”
dawes act
Dawes Act
  • Forced the Native Americans off of their land and made them become farmers
wounded knee
Wounded Knee
  • The last battle between the Armed forces of the U.S. and the Native Americans
chapter 182
Chapter 18
  • Section 4
national grange
National Grange
  • The first farmers association
  • Stores where farmers bought products for each other
populist party
Populist Party
  • The party of the people
free silver
Free Silver
  • The unlimited production of silver coins
grover cleveland
Grover Cleveland
  • Won the Presidential election of 1892
william mckinley
William McKinley
  • Defeated William Jennings Bryan in the election of 1896