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Cities and Poverty Research. City Economic Development Think-Tank 19 November 2002. Project Structure. Recognising Urban Poverty. Urban Growth SA reflects global and regional trends in urban population growth The big picture is of consistent growth

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Cities and poverty research

Cities and Poverty Research

City Economic Development Think-Tank

19 November 2002



Recognising urban poverty
Recognising Urban Poverty

  • Urban Growth

    • SA reflects global and regional trends in urban population growth

    • The big picture is of consistent growth

    • Within this there are different patterns in the rate, location and population that are growing





Urbanisation of poverty
Urbanisation of poverty

  • Three main reasons for the urbanisation of poverty

    • The natural growth of the poor population within cities

    • Growing urban inequality

    • Poor people moving to cities


Who are the urban poor in sa
Who are the urban poor in SA

Ifthere is a typical ‘face of poverty’ in South Africa then this picture is no longer only a rural women engaged in subsistence agricultural production. It is an HIV child living in an environmentally degraded informal settlement in a rapidly growing city - without services who is subjected to organised and household violence and is vulnerable to global economic and political trends.

FS Mufamadi, Minister For Provincial and Local Government, SACN Launch 7 October 2002




Poverty definition
Poverty definition

Poverty is more than a lack of income. Poverty exists when an individual or a household’s access to income, jobs and/or infrastructure is inadequate or sufficiently unequal to prohibit full access to opportunities in society. The condition of poverty is caused by a combination of social, economic, spatial, environmental and political factors.


Poverty definition1
Poverty definition

Energy

Health

Crime

Unemployment

Literacy

Water

Income

Disability

Poverty

Housing

Gender

Environmental Health

Transport

Waste

CDI

Gini


Recording and monitoring poverty
Recording and monitoring poverty

  • Choose the appropriate indicators of urban poverty

  • Select the correct scale

  • Monitor vulnerable groups

  • Identify sectoral weaknesses

  • Use up-to-date, reliable data





Making complex data useful
Making complex data useful

  • Must be understood by all stakeholders

  • Must be flexible - accommodate new data and refinement

  • Must interface with other data e.g. budget, provincial data, community priorities etc.

  • Must be authoritative - locally and internationally and internally and externally








Gaps in the cdi
Gaps in the CDI

  • Does not capture all dimensions of poverty

    • Infrastructure heavy

  • Not all locally specific poverty dynamics are addressed - e.g. segregation

  • Key aspects of city development are not included