The Noh Theater and its Gestures. Guerino Mazzola firstname.lastname@example.org U & ETH Zürich Internet Institute for Music Science. Kunio Komparu The Noh Theater—Principles and Perspectives Weatherhill/Tankosha, Tokyo & New York 1983. http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~rlneblet/noh.
Guerino Mazzola email@example.com
U & ETH Zürich
Internet Institute for Music Science
The Noh Theater—Principles and Perspectives
Weatherhill/Tankosha, Tokyo & New York 1983
Art of time-space continuum, perfection —> stylization/formalization
Like tea ceremony,
unique in lifetime,
There are no Noh stars...
„Never forget the beginner‘s mind!“
A Noh program lasts whole day 5 Noh plays + Kyogen are performed
Sancticity & magic
Stages of beauty
Actor and audience
Aesthetic of discord
Five element theory
Sancticity of space: Space of „sacred dialog with the gods“
Magic in technique (from mimes): Acrobatics, mystical forces will power, autosuggestion: Merging self and other mask + mirror
„...the mind‘s eye is opened and the soul grasped; the true Noh, hithertoo invisible, comes alive...“
1.Curtain 2.Third Pine 3.Bridge 4.Second Pine 5.First Pine 6.Shite pillar 7.Eye-fixing pillar 8.Flute pillar 9.Waki pillar 10.Cut-through door 11.Back panel 12.Main Stage 13.Moat Steps 14.Pebble Moat 15.Side Stage 16.Rear Stage 17.Mirror Room
Jo-Ha-Kyu = most important aesthetic principle:
Jo = „beginning“ position = spatial element
Ha = „break/ruin“ = destruction, disorder
Kyu = „rapid“ speed, time element
Production principle for Noh program:
Everything is dominated by Jo-Ha-Kyu.
Elements: wood, fire, earth, metal, water
~ 5 breaths, 5 tones, 5 organs, etc.
Five Noh play categories:god, warrior, woman, madness, demon
Have two time categories: present time dream time
=> 10 categories in plays: two time categories x five play categories
Every Noh play is one cross section of the life of one person, the shite.
The shite has an appearance (demon, etc.)and subject = one of the five elements
The waki is a
kind of co-sub-ject and mirrorperson to the shite.
transports characters horizontally through space —> white socks!
One could understand Noh by observing feet!
Interesting performanceonly in upperhalf of body!
chi = deity, i.e., katachi = form/shape = exterior form of kata + characteristic usage (mask, clothes, character)
Dance = „text“ built from kata-units by enchaînment plus syntactical rules
mai = performed kata „text“ plus music
Classification of mai according to elements (music, dance etc.)
Noh = enchaînment of 100 types of shodan segments basically 4 types: spoken/chant/instrumental/silence