Medicinal plant and Medicinal plant materials that contain quinolisidine and isoquinoline alkaloids. MP containing quinolisidine alkaloids. Herba Thermopsidis Semina Thermopsidis Thermopsis lanceolata- False lupine, bush pea Fabaceae.
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Constituents. Herb contains up to 2.5% of alkaloids, chiefly thermopsine, its isomer anagirine; homothermopsine, cytysine, methylcytysine, pachicarpine, etc.
Seeds must contain not less than 2.5% of cytysine.
Uses. This drug has expectorant properties and dry extract, tablets against cough, dry mixture against cough and infusion are produced from this plant. In low dosses medicines from thermopsis lanceolata excite respiratory center, in high dosses can cause vomiting and paralyze the centres of brain and medulla oblongata.
Constituents. Poppy capsules contain, when ripe, 0.18-0.28% of morphine. Poppy seeds contain only very small quantities of narcotine, papaverine and thebaine in addition to morphine and codeine.
Uses. Omnopon and morphine are strong painkillers, which are used to reduce pain. Codeine, codterpine, tablets against cough are used for cough soothing. Papaverine has spasmolitic action on blood vessels and thus can be used to treat hypertension, angina and migraine. Papaverine is part of paphyllin (papaverine + plathyphylline), papasol (papaverine + dibazole), khelliverine (papaverine + khellin), khellatrine (papaverine + khelline + atropine), bepasal, niquoverine, palufin, theoverine, etc.
Constituents. Plant contains up to 4% of alkaloids, the most valuable is glaucin and it content is almost near 50% of all alkaloids, sometimes it reaches 2% of the mass of all aerial part of the plant. Other alkaloids are extracted from Glaucium flavum: coridine, isocoridine, isoboldine etc.
Uses. Glaucin has cough soothing action, which is stronger and longer of that of codeine and does not have narcotic effect. Medicines glaucinum hydrochloridum, glauvent and broncholytin reduce cough and are used in treatment of bronchitis, pneumonias and different diseases of bronchial tubes and lungs.
Constituents. Greater celandine contains up to 4% of alkaloids including α- and β-allocryptopine, berberine, chelerythrine, chelidonine, chelirubine, choline, coptisine, hydroxychelidonine, and others.
Uses. The drug has many traditional uses based on its reputed anodyne, antispasmodic, caustic, diaphoretic, diuretic, hydragogue, narcotic and purgative properties. It also has fungistatic and bacteriostatic actin on TB agents. Juice from fresh herb or roots can be used to treat throat warts.
Constituents. The main alkaloid is berberin (up to 1.5% in roots). Plant also contains palmatin, columbamine, yatroricine, oxicantine and khelidonic acid, polysaccharides, carotinoids, antocyanes, ascorbic acid etc.
Uses. Berberinum bisulphate (from roots) has holagogue action and used to treat chronic hepatitis and cholelithiasis. Tincture from leaves has tonic action on womb muscles after delivery.