Chapter 8 Windows 2000 Professional. 8.1 Installation 8.2 Administration/User Interface 8.3 User Accounts 8.4 Managing the File System 8.5 Services. Installation. Installing the OS.
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Chapter 8Windows 2000 Professional 8.1 Installation 8.2 Administration/User Interface 8.3 User Accounts 8.4 Managing the File System 8.5 Services
Installing the OS • Microsoft has a tool called the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) that can be used to verify that the hardware will actually work with Windows 2000. • Using hardware that is not listed on the HCL might cause problems during and after installation.
Installing the OS • Prepare the hard drive for the stages of installation. • Files for the setup wizard are copied and the text portion of the setup is displayed. • The administrator will: • Read and accept the licensing agreement • Reconfigure or delete the hard disk partitions • Create and format a new partition to install Windows 2000 or reformat an existing partition • Select either FAT or NTFS as the type of file system
Installing the OS • The Setup Wizard begins the GUI portion of the installation process and prompts the administrator through the next stage of the installation process. • After gathering information about the computer, the Windows 2000 Setup program automatically installs the network software.
Installing the OS • Once the networking components have been installed, the Setup wizard copies additional files to configure Windows 2000 Professional. • The Setup program will automatically start the fourth step in the installation process. • Install Start-menu items • Register components • Save the configuration • Remove temporary files
Installation of OS Add-On Options • Most add-ons can be installed from the installation CD from which the operating system was initially installed. • Other post-installation add-ons include service-packs or updates to the OS that have been made since the installation. • These can be downloaded and installed from the manufacturer website at any time.
Log On Procedures • Windows 2000 implements a GUI and allows a user to log on to the system using the Log On to Windows screen. • For security reasons, password characters are masked with asterisks (*) as they are typed. • Only the password is case sensitive and should be entered exactly as created.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) • The most basic feature of Windows 2000, icons, are small images with text names that are used to represent larger functionality. • In most popular GUI systems, users interact with the system through displays known as windows.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) • Menu text buttons are usually found lined at the top of windows and offer specific functionalities related to that particular window. • The Start Menu and the System Tray are located on the Taskbar. The taskbar keeps track of all open windows. • To power down the PC use the Start menu Shut Down command, where users can also choose to Log Off and Restart the computer.
Command-Line Interface (CLI) • The Windows 2000 command-line interface (CLI) is based on the MS-DOS operating system of the 1980s. • The command interpreter in Windows 2000 can be launched in several ways: • On the taskbar, select Start > Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt. • On the taskbar, select Start > Run. In the Open box type cmd.
Windows Explorer Navigation • Windows Explorer is used for navigating the entire file system. • A collapsable and expandable tree on the left pane displays the file system hierarchy. • The content of a folder selected in the left pane is displayed in the large pane on the right.
Adding Users • Before logging on to any Windows 2000 client, a user account must first be created on the appropriate network server. • The task of creating this account in Windows 2000 is performed with the Computer Management tool. • The Computer Management tool allows a system administrator to manage all aspects of a computer, including authorized users, and in the case of a network server, the authorized users of a network domain.
Managing User Accounts • The simplest user management technique is to right-click the user name listed in the right half of the Computer Management window and select the appropriate task from the menu. • The system administrator can instantly choose to Set Password, Delete, or Rename the user. • Selecting Properties can also disable the account and checking the Account is disabled box.
Creating and Sharing Folders • A system administrator creates folders and directories that users throughout the network will share and use to backup files. • Once in that directory, right-click on the desktop and choose New then select Folder. • To share this folder the administrator will right-click on the folder and select Sharing. • The administrator selects thePermissions button to assign which users or groups will have permission to access this directory.
Creating Groups and Adding Users • During installation Windows 2000 creates default local groups such as the Administrators and Users groups. • Each group has differing levels of control over the local system. • Users can create new local groups using the Computer Management tool. • To add more users, rename, or delete the group, simply right-click the group name in the window and select the appropriate menu choice.
Passwords and Permissions • A password is a secret collection of characters that only one user knows. • All users have their own passwords. • Passwords are used in conjunction with a user name when logging on to a NOS to verify the identity of the user. • Passwords do not necessarily need to be unique among users but should be kept secret to ensure network security.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) • Configuring Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) services on Windows XP is the same as configuring these on Windows 2000. • By enabling the HTTP service on a NOS, the computer becomes a web server capable of sending out information over the World Wide Web (WWW). • The HTTP web service is found under the name Default Web Site.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) • The Internet Information Services (IIS) tools are necessary to run both the FTP and HTTP services for Windows 2000 computers. • Select Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Internet Services Manager to display the window. • May have to setup Start Menu to show Administrative Tools. • By opening the right-click menu on the Default FTP Site icon, the system administrator can start, stop, and pause the service in addition to configuring its various properties.
Telnet • For security reasons, only a user with administrator privileges can manage the Telnet server on a Windows 2000 machine. • For a user to Telnet to a Windows 2000 machine, the user must also be able to log on to that machine locally. • By default, the Windows 2000 Telnet server is configured to use Windows NT LAN Manager (NTLM) for user authentication. • To restrict telnet access to specific local users, a local Telnet Client group can be created. • Start -> Administrative Tools -> Telnet Server Administration to manage the Telnet service.
E-Mail Server/Client Relationship • Microsoft uses Exchange as the e-mail server. • When a user sends e-mail to another user, it is sent first to the server where it will be placed in the recipient's mailbox. • The user who is receiving the e-mail opens the e-mail program and reads the e-mail from the mailbox. • When user deletes the e-mail, it will be removed from the server.
Printing in Windows 2000 • A print server is a computer dedicated to handling client print jobs in the most efficient manner. • To share a printer that is attached to the local computer, go to the Printers folder, and then right-click, the printer name. • Click Properties, then chooseSharing, click Shared as option button, and then either enter a share name or accept the default.