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Preparing Your Network for Microsoft Windows XP Professional Roll Out David Williams Dixon Support Professional Professional Platform Support Microsoft Corporation Comparison – Windows 2000 Professional Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Professional vs. Windows XP Professional

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Preparing Your Network for Microsoft Windows XP Professional Roll OutDavid Williams DixonSupport ProfessionalProfessional Platform SupportMicrosoft Corporation

comparison windows 2000 professional
Comparison – Windows 2000 Professional
  • Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Professional vs. Windows XP Professional
  • Windows 2000 Pro minimum requirements are similar to Windows 98
comparison windows xp professional 2
Comparison – Windows XP Professional (2)
  • Different upgrade options from Windows 2000
  • Can upgrade to Windows XP only from:
    • Microsoft Windows NT® 4.0 Workstation
    • Windows 98/98se/ME
    • Windows 2000 Professional
    • Windows XP Home Edition
upgrading recommended steps
Upgrading – Recommended Steps
  • BIOS updates
    • Can usually be found on the motherboard’s manufacturer’s Web site
  • Use hardware recommended on the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL)
application compatibility
Application Compatibility
  • Identify applications your organization uses
  • Four options to address:
    • Reinstall after upgrade
    • Install compatible versions of the applications
    • Use migration dynamic link libraries
    • Run the AppCompat tool
application compatibility 2
Application Compatibility (2)
  • Description of the AppCompat tool in Windows XP
  • Application Compatibility Toolkit
  • Compatibility Updates available on
  • Compatible programs can be found on the Windows Catalog site
deployment options
Deployment Options
  • Bootable CD-ROM
  • Unattended install
  • Sysprep
  • Remote Installation Services (RIS)
  • Systems Management Server (SMS)
deployment options bootable cd
Deployment Options – Bootable CD
  • Advantages of a bootable CD
    • Client doesn’t require network connectivity
    • Definitely faster than installing over a network
  • Disadvantages of a bootable CD
    • Custom images may not fit on CD
    • Requires a manual installation at each computer
deployment options unattended
Deployment Options – Unattended
  • Advantages of unattended
    • Scripts can save time and money by eliminating the need for administrators to interact with each computer during installation
    • Automates deployment on numerous machines at once
  • Disadvantages of unattended
    • Client computer must be configured with El-Torito No Emulation CD-ROM
    • Requires creation of a boot floppy to connect to network
    • Winnt.sif must be available on the floppy disk
deployment options sysprep
Deployment Options – Sysprep
  • Create an image of Windows XP Professional for deployment
  • Reference and destination computers must:
    • Have compatible HALS
    • Have identical ACPI support
    • Have drivers available for Plug and Play devices
  • Deploying MS Windows 2000 Professional and MS Office 2000 Using Sysprep
deployment options sysprep 2
Deployment Options – Sysprep (2)
  • Advantages of Sysprep
    • Reduces deployment time because both the operating system and other applications can be installed at once
    • Creates standardized desktops
    • Minimizes the wait time for Plug and Play
  • Disadvantages of Sysprep
    • Cannot be used for upgrades
    • Original operating system and all data will be wiped off hard drive
deployment options ris
Deployment Options – RIS
  • Remote Installation Services
    • Allows for a clean install of Windows XP Pro
    • Simultaneously deploys on multiple clients
    • Has automated or user required input
    • Can customize and control end-user input
    • Can control options with Group Policies
    • There is no physical media distribution
deployment options ris 2
Deployment Options – RIS (2)
  • BINL – Boot Information Negotiation Layer
  • PXE – Preboot Execution Enviroment
  • Cannot upgrade with RIS
  • Requires Active Directory™ for client validation
deployment options sms
Deployment Options – SMS
  • Systems Management Server
    • Automates the upgrading of the operating system on client computers
    • Manages thousands of client computers with the SMS integrated tools
deployment options sms 2
Deployment Options – SMS (2)
  • Advantages of Systems Management Server
    • Upgrades without user intervention
    • Sets deployment policies
    • Automatic load balancing between distribution points allows for concurrent upgrades
    • Centralizes control of upgrades
  • Disadvantages of Systems Management Server
    • SMS should already be used on your network before deployment
    • Can only upgrade Windows-based clients
name resolution
Name Resolution
  • DNS – Domain Name Service
  • WINS – Windows Internet Naming Service
  • NetBIOS – legacy name to IP resolution
  • LMHOST – static file used for name resolution typically on older networks, or for remote name resolution
  • DNS Server – enables name resolution across a network by answering queries and update requests
  • DNS client – resolves and caches DNS names; required for locating resources using DNS names
dns 2
DNS (2)
  • Active Directory integration
    • More available name resolution
    • More reliable name resolution
  • Secure dynamic update – When a client updates the DNS database, that client becomes the exclusive owner for that record. This prevents any other client or malicious attacker from modifying the records with that name.
dns 3
DNS (3)
  • Troubleshooting DNS
    • NSLookup – use to perform DNS queries and examine the contents of zone files
    • IPConfig – view DNS client settings, display and flush the resolver cache, force dynamic update client to register its DNS records
    • Event Viewer – Logs errors with the Windows 2000 operating system, and logs events in DNS service
      • DNS server errors logged in DNS Server Event Viewer
      • DNS client errors logged in the system log
dns 4
DNS (4)
  • Troubleshooting DNS
    • DNS log – turn on all logging options on your DNS server in the DNS MMC
dns 5
DNS (5)
  • Q291382 – “Frequently Asked Questions About Windows 2000 DNS”
  • Q298448 – “Windows 2000 DNS and Active Directory Information and Technical Resources”
  • Q200525 – “Using NSlookup.exe”
  • Enables NetBIOS name resolution
  • WINS server – handles name registration or release requests from WINS clients; responds to name queries from WINS clients
  • WINS client – queries the WINS server for remote name resolution
troubleshooting wins
Troubleshooting WINS
  • Check for appropriate records
    • 1Ch – represents a group entry that contains a list of domain controllers
    • 1B – contains the address of the primary domain controller or PDC emulator
  • Use Nbtstat – RR to force release and renew of all NetBIOS services associated with the WINS client
  • NetBT – TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper Service
  • Enable NetBIOS over TCP/IP in the Advanced TCP/IP Settings of your Network Connection in Windows XP
  • Computer browser – maintains a list of computers on your network
  • Domain master browser – by default, the primary domain controller for a domain is the domain master browser
    • Collects and maintains the master browse list of available servers for its domain
    • Distributes and synchronizes the master browse list for master browsers on other subnets that belong to its domain
browsing 2
Browsing (2)
  • Master browser – collects a list of available network servers in its subnet
    • Replicates with the domain master browser
    • Distributes to backup browsers on its subnet
  • Backup browser – receives a copy of the browse list from the master browser and distributes to other computers upon request
browsing troubleshooting
Browsing Troubleshooting
  • Browstat – used to troubleshoot browsing issues
    • Example:
      • “browstat getpdc 1 mydomain” would return the name of the pdc
      • “browstat status” returns the names of the master browser and the backup browsers
      • “browstat elect 1 mydomain” to force elections
  • Q188305 – “Troubleshooting the Microsoft Computer Browser Service”
  • LMHOSTS files were create to assist with remote NetBIOS name resolution
  • #PRE – added after an entry to cause that entry to be preloaded
  • #DOM – associates the entry with the domain
  • #INCLUDE – specifies a centralized LMHOSTS file
lmhost 2
  • Q180094 – “How to Write an LMHOSTS File for Domain Validation and Other Name Resolution Issues”
    • Create a text file named LMHOSTS and place it in %SystemRoot%\System32\Drivers\Etc
    • Add the following entries: PDCName #PRE #DOM:Domain-name "Domain-name \0x1b" #PRE

  • DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  • DHCP client – registers and updates IP address and DNS names
  • DHCP server – allocates IP addresses and allows the configuration of network settings such as DNS, WINS, subnet mask, and default gateway
dhcp 2
DHCP (2)
  • Scope setup – ensure that the scope matches the number of hosts
  • Scope options – used when specific options apply to only one scope
  • Server options – used when specific options apply to all scopes
dhcp 3
DHCP (3)
  • Recommended scope options
    • 3 – router or default gateway
    • 6 – DNS server
    • 15 – domain name
    • 44 – WINS server
    • 46 – WINS node type
dhcp 4
DHCP (4)
  • Troubleshooting
joining the domain
Joining the Domain
  • Finding the domain controller
    • Verify that the correct domain or workgroup is specified
    • Check for the correct TCP/IP options on the client machine
    • Ping the domain controller by name or FQDN
    • Ping by IP address
joining the domain 2
Joining the Domain (2)
  • Firewalls must allow specific port traffic across WAN links for joining domain and domain trusts
    • RPC TCP/135



LDAP GC 3268



Kerberos TCP/UDP 88


  • Firewalls must allow traffic for domains, and trusts across WAN links
product activation
Product Activation
  • Q302806 – “Description of Microsoft Product Activation”
    • WPA – uses port 80 and 443
  • Test your browser for open ports with


more information
More Information
  • Get training on Windows XP Professional deployment
  • White Papers
    • Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning
    • Deploying Windows XP Part II: Implementing
more information 2
More Information (2)
  • Windows Resource Kits – Web Resources
  • Windows XP Technical Article Index
more information for service providers
More Information for Service Providers
  • Windows XP White Papers
  • Windows XP Deployment Guides
  • Windows 2000 Deployment Guides
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