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Lesson 4 computer maintenance. By: M arideth B radley. objectives. Identify problems that can occur if hardware is not properly maintained. Identify routine maintenance that can be performed by users. Identify maintenance that should be performed by experienced professionals.

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lesson 4 computer maintenance

Lesson 4 computer maintenance

By: Marideth Bradley

  • Identify problems that can occur if hardware is not properly maintained.
  • Identify routine maintenance that can be performed by users.
  • Identify maintenance that should be performed by experienced professionals.
maintenance issues
Maintenance issues
  • The performance of a hard disk starts to slow and printer problems may start to occur.
  • The keyboard and the mouse can become sluggish and the monitor may not work properly.
  • Managing computer cables is an overlooked problems when maintaining a computer system.
hardware maintenance
Hardware maintenance
  • One of the best ways to cut down on computer repair is thought preventative maintenance performed on a regular schedule. As general rule you should clean computer every 3-6 months.
  • Keyboard and mouse
  • You should check and clean the keyboard periodically dirt, dust, hair, food particles can accumulate causing the keys to jam or otherwise malfunction. If you spill a liquid onto the keyboard turn off the computer immediately disconnect the keyboard spray it with water to clean it turn it upside down and shake to remove the liquid. A mouse ball can be difficult to move if the rollers are clogged cleaning mechanical mice often eliminates jerky or erratic movement of the mouse pointer.
  • Cleaning a printer helps prolong the printers life the first step is to check the printer documentation if this is unavailable most likely you can find information online clean parts recommended.
  • Turn off the printer
  • Use cleaner recommended by the manufacturer, or lint free cloth and then moisten it with a 50-50 percent solution of water and vinegar.
computer memory
Computer memory
  • The hard drive can be compared to long term memory and random access memory (RAM) to short term memory data is stored temporary.
  • If RAM fills up then the processor continually goes to the hard drive to replace old data.
preventative maintenance
Preventative maintenance
  • All computers slow down as you add and delete files install software and perform normal activities to eliminate and minimize these problems Microsoft windows comes with a set of utilities that perform special functions.
  • Disk defragmentation: as you add and delete files on the computer hard disk when the computer is new the operating system such as window vista writes the file data in a set of side by side clusters. As the drive begins to become cluttered and space becomes limited windows divides the data for newly crated files into sectors
  • Recycle bin: the windows recycle bin is a holding area for files and folders before their final deletion from a storage device.
  • temporary files: various application programs such as Microsoft office suite create temporary files this action is used for the following three reasons, to free memory for other programs, to act ad a safety net to prevent data loss, for printing.
  • Cookies: is a small text that a web site uses to identify a specific computer the file is created and/ or updated on your computers hard drive each time that the web site is visited.
specialized maintenance
Specialized maintenance
  • Generally you can provide routine maintenance as discussed in this lesson however you should not attempt some maintenance procedures.
  • Replacing the power supply or opening the power supply case
  • Replacing other electrical components
  • Replacing the processor
  • Replacing or adding a hard disk
  • Replacing or adding additional RAM
risk of networked computing
Risk of networked computing
  • The security of a computer net work is challenged every day by equipment malfunctions system failures, computer hackers and virus attacks.
  • Cable management-kits and individual cable management products are available online and through most stores the sell computer equipment.
  • Corona wires-theses wires are used to generate a field of positive charges on the surface of the drum and the paper.
  • Cookie-is a small text file that a web site uses to identify a specific computer.
  • Defragmentation-utility that reduces the amount of fragmentation by physically organizing the contents of the disk to store the pieces of each file contiguously.
  • Recycle bin-is a holding area for files and folders before their final deflection form a storage device.
  • Touchpad-are another pointing device you can use instead of a mouse.