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Analytical Services Program and Hanford. Bill Taylor, Assistant Manager Environmental Safety and Quality Department of Energy . Agenda. Hanford overview Goals for cleanup Tank Farms Waste Treatment Plant River Corridor and Central Plateau Cleanup Work

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Analytical services program and hanford

Analytical Services Program and Hanford

Bill Taylor, Assistant Manager

Environmental Safety and Quality

Department of Energy


  • Hanford overview

  • Goals for cleanup

  • Tank Farms

  • Waste Treatment Plant

  • River Corridor and Central Plateau Cleanup Work

  • Use of Analytical Services Program at Hanford

Hanford overview
Hanford Overview

  • Two Hanford site clean-up offices

    • DOE Richland Operations Office (RL)

    • DOE Office of River Protection (ORP)

    • Main components of clean-up

      • Tank Farms Operations & Waste Treatment Plant (ORP)

        • Single Shell Tanks Closure

        • Double Shell Tanks

        • Waste Treatment Plant

      • River Corridor & Central Plateau (RL)

        • Reactor Areas

        • Former fuel processing facilities

        • Numerous waste management and disposal facilities

The hanford site

586 square miles

50 miles of the Columbia River run through Hanford

Constructed in WWII as part of the Manhattan Project

Mission: Produce plutonium

Produced about two-thirds of nation’s supply of plutonium, 1944-1989

Peak employment was 50,000 during construction

Present status: Full-scale cleanup

Current employment: 11,872

The Hanford Site

Inventory and location
Inventory and Location

  • 53 million gallons of liquid waste (177 tanks, 6 emptied) awaiting treatment in Waste Treatment Plant (WTP)

  • 9,700 canisters projected; about 400+ per year planned

  • ~1,900 cesium/strontium capsules in wet storage

Priorities for cleanup
Priorities for Cleanup

  • Protect the Columbia River

  • Restore groundwater

  • Clean up River Corridor waste sites and facilities

  • Clean up Central Plateau waste sites, tank farm, and facilities

  • Complete construction of the Waste Treatment Plant

  • Safely manage and transfer legacy materials for off-site disposition

  • Consolidate waste treatment, storage, and disposal operations on the Central Plateau

  • Develop and implement institutional controls and long-term stewardship

Office of river protection
Office of River Protection

Retrieve, immobilize and dispose of radioactive and chemical tank waste and close Hanford’s Tank Farms

  • Tri-Party Agreement/Consent Decree

  • Tank Farms

  • 177 underground storage tanks

    • 149 Single Shell Tanks (SST)

    • 28 Double Shell Tanks (DST)

  • 53 million gallons radioactive and chemical waste

  • 194 million curies radioactivity

  • 151,000 tons complex chemicals


  • Waste Treatment Plant (WTP)

  • Design/build

  • Operational 2019

  • Treat and immobilize in glass radioactive

  • and chemical tank waste

  • Central Plateau

Hanford Site Boundary (586 sq. miles)

  • Key River Protection Project TPA/Consent Decree Milestones:

  • Retrieve C Farm Single Shell Tanks 2014

  • Complete WTP Construction, Startup

  • and Commissioning 2019

  • Retrieve All Single Shell Tanks 2040

  • Treat All Tank Waste 2047

  • Complete Mission 2052

Hanford s greatest cleanup challenge the tank farms
Hanford’s Greatest Cleanup Challenge: The Tank Farms

53 million gallons radioactive and chemical waste

149 single-shell tanks built from 1943-1964

67 are classified as assumed leakers

28 double-shell tanks built from 1968-1986

August 2010

Overall design = 80% complete Overall construction = 52% complete2,100 Professional Staff 825 Craft Workers 250 Subcontractors 3,175 Total Staff

Analytical Laboratory

44.3% complete

Analytical laboratory
Analytical Laboratory

Dedicated laboratory being built at Hanford for process control

Will enable us to demonstrate that the quality of the processed waste complies with disposal requirements

Will be used to analyze high level radioactive samples

A closer look inside the analytical laboratory
A Closer Look Inside the Analytical Laboratory

Environmental Emissions Stack Assembly

Hot Cell Drain Collection Vessel

Drain Collection Vessels Cell and Fire Water Vault

Above Ground and Embedded Foundation Piping


Central plateau cleanup strategy

Central Plateau cleanup is focused in three areas:

Inner Area ( > 10 sq. miles)

Final footprint

Less than 2 percent of the original Hanford Site

Outer Area ( > 65 sq. miles)

Remediate to unrestricted surface use

Cleanup standards comparable to River Corridor


Contain and remediate key groundwater contaminants

Central Plateau Cleanup Strategy

Outer Area

Inner Area

Cleaning up groundwater
Cleaning Up Groundwater

Groundwater contamination undergoing cleanup

Hanford site vsp project and program use
Hanford SiteVSP Project and Program Use

  • VSP is being used across Hanford to characterize and monitor soils, groundwater, buildings, gloveboxes, etc.

  • Hanford VSP users range from radiation technicians to nuclear engineers

  • Over 100 of the 600+ DOE users of VSP are at Hanford

  • Over 70 Hanford staff have received formal VSP training

  • Two VSP training courses provided this Summer (July and August)

  • VSP has been used at over 200 Hanford site locations

  • VSP’s joint EPA sponsorship and statistically defensible methods help streamline regulator acceptance of work plans

Hanford site laboratories participating in mapep
Hanford Site Laboratories Participating in MAPEP

  • 222-S Laboratory

  • CHPRC Central Count Room

  • Environmental Science Lab PNNL/ESL

  • WRPS RadCon Program Count Room

  • Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility

  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • Analytical Support Operations - Radiochemical Processing Lab

Hanford support to the doecap
Hanford Support to the DOECAP

  • The Hanford DOE community contributes TSDF auditors (5 of the 55 qualified TSDF auditors)

  • The Hanford DOE community contributes Laboratory auditors (6 of the 58 qualified Laboratory auditors)

  • Hanford personnel have participated in 9 of the 38 DOECAP audits performed this year

  • Eugene Grohs qualified as a Lead Auditor for Non-Rad TSDFs this Year

Hanford site doecap auditors
Hanford Site DOECAP Auditors


Clifford Clark, DOE Richland

Glen Clark, WRPS

Eugene Grohs, PNNL

Paul Martin, CH2M Hill

Douglas Swenson, WRPS

Analytical Laboratories

Taffy Almeida, PNNL

Heather Anastos, CH2M Hill

Glen Clark, WRPS

Robert Elkins, MSA

Huei Meznarik, MSA

Richard Weiss, WCH

Commercial waste vendors used
Commercial Waste Vendors Used

  • Radiological Waste Facilities

    • Diversified Scientific Services Inc (DSSI) in Oak Ridge, TN

    • EnergySolutions facility in Clive, Utah

    • Perma-Fix Northwest facility in Hanford, Washington

  • Non-Radiological Waste Facilities

    • Clean Harbors – Deer Park facility in Houston, Texas

    • Clean Harbors – Argonite facility in Clive, Utah


  • Strong Headquarters coordination and planning skills

  • Management support

    • Auditors are recognized as extremely competent and highly qualified in disciplines audited

      • Credible and objective

  • Challenges

    • Retain cadre of qualified auditors where laboratories or TSDF facilities are located

    • Audit participation away from home offices

    • Competing schedules