Moral Philosophy Immanuel Kant. “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.” Confucius. Moral Philosophy Immanuel Kant. Our Learning… Recap Learning Learn about Kant’s equations – two formulations of the Categorical Imperative.
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“Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.”
We have freedom – therefore we need to be moral.
Morality can’t be subjective
Reason (intellect) is the ultimate judge / authority.
Goodwill is the only intrinsically good thing.
Duty is King for Kant.
Kant says that every time we come up against a moral dilemma, we should shorten that moral dilemma to produce a MAXIM – which is a proposed rule of action we can deduce from the dilemma….
E.G. A nasty big bully has just punched me on the nose. I want to punch him back, so I will.
MAXIM – Use force on someone if they have used force on you… or …. Revenge is ok.
If you had studied economics, you will have learned that, when making anything, you have the following diagram….
Well – we kind of have to do the same kind of diagram to understand Kants Categorical Imperative…
THINKS WE MUST
ACT OR NOT ACT
Pages 25 – 27 of the Notes
Page 28 Exercise
WOULD LIKE THEM TO
THE GOLDEN RULE
Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant
“ Act only on the maxim through which you can, at the same time, will that it be a universal law”
You need to learn these definitions off by heart…
KANT BACKGROUND & DEFINITIONS TEST ON MONDAY