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Moral Philosophy Immanuel Kant. “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.” Confucius. Moral Philosophy Immanuel Kant. Our Learning… Recap Learning Learn about Kant’s equations – two formulations of the Categorical Imperative.

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moral philosophy immanuel kant

Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

“Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.”

Confucius

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

Our Learning…

Recap Learning

Learn about Kant’s equations – two formulations of the Categorical Imperative.

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

FOR KANT…

We have freedom – therefore we need to be moral.

Morality can’t be subjective

Reason (intellect) is the ultimate judge / authority.

Goodwill is the only intrinsically good thing.

Duty is King for Kant.

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

Kant says that every time we come up against a moral dilemma, we should shorten that moral dilemma to produce a MAXIM – which is a proposed rule of action we can deduce from the dilemma….

E.G. A nasty big bully has just punched me on the nose. I want to punch him back, so I will.

MAXIM – Use force on someone if they have used force on you… or …. Revenge is ok.

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An Imperative is a command.

A hypothetical imperative contains an ‘if’.

Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

A categorical imperative is what Kant used to test maxims. If the maxim passes, it is our duty to act.

A moral imperative is a moral command which is conditional upon nothing else.

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

INPUT

PROCESS

OUTPUT

If you had studied economics, you will have learned that, when making anything, you have the following diagram….

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

INPUT

PROCESS

OUTPUT

Well – we kind of have to do the same kind of diagram to understand Kants Categorical Imperative…

MAXIM

CATEGORICAL

IMPERATIVES

WHETHER KANT

THINKS WE MUST

ACT OR NOT ACT

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

Pages 25 – 27 of the Notes

Page 28 Exercise

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THE UNIVERSAL LAW

UNIVERSALISABILITY

Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

FIRST FORMULATION

“ Act only on the maxim through which you can, at the same time, will that it be a universal law”

act only on the maxim through which you can at the same time will that it be a universal law

TREAT PEOPLE AS YOU

WOULD LIKE THEM TO

TREAT YOU

THE GOLDEN RULE

Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

“ Act only on the maxim through which you can, at the same time, will that it be a universal law”

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

You need to learn these definitions off by heart…

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

KANT BACKGROUND & DEFINITIONS TEST ON MONDAY

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Moral PhilosophyImmanuel Kant

Our Learning…

Recap Learning

Learn about Kant’s equations – two formulations of the Categorical Imperative.