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The Second New Deal. Obama on FDR. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXfOrOQi8d4. Critics of the New Deal. New Deal under attack Deficit Spending A necessary evil When is it used? John Keynes Stimulate Economy Spend our way out of the Depression Did the New Deal end the Depression?.

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Presentation Transcript
obama on fdr
Obama on FDR
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXfOrOQi8d4
critics of the new deal
Critics of the New Deal
  • New Deal under attack
    • Deficit Spending
      • A necessary evil
        • When is it used?
    • John Keynes
      • Stimulate Economy
      • Spend our way out of the Depression
    • Did the New Deal end the Depression?
the second new deal1
The Second New Deal
  • Continued to help
    • Farmers
    • Workers
    • Homebuyers
    • Elderly
issues continued
Issues continued
  • Gains were not great
  • Unemployment remained high
  • Production still lagged
eleanor roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Supported the Second New Deal
  • Social reformer and humanitarian
  • Contributed great political skills
  • Observed social conditions
    • Reported back to FDR
  • Urged FDR to appoint women to government positions
eleanor roosevelt1
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Urged the President to take a stand on controversial issues
  • Interested in
    • Child welfare
    • Housing reform
    • Equal rights for women
    • Equal rights for minorities
eleanor roosevelt s speech on human rights
Eleanor Roosevelt’s Speech on Human Rights
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sPVWmmVKVk0
dorothea lange
Dorothea Lange
  • Born in Hoboken, New Jersey in 1895
  • Studied photography in NYC
  • 1936 visited Nipomo, California
    • Migrant Mother
election of 1936
Election of 1936
  • Republicans nominated Alfred Landon
    • Governor of Kansas
  • Democrats nominated Franklin Roosevelt
    • Second New Deal was under way
  • Overwhelming victory for the Democrats
    • First election where most African Americans voted Democratic rather than Republican
    • First time labor unions gave united support to a presidential candidate
the supreme court
The Supreme Court
  • NIRA is unconstitutional
    • Declared law gave legislative powers to the executive branch
    • Outside of federal government’s constitutional powers to regulate interstate commerce
  • AAA should be regulated by state not federal government
  • “Court Packing Bill” (1937)
    • Why did he propose it?
    • Appoint 6 new justices
    • Hugo S. Black shifts the balance
    • Violation of separation of powers?
    • How did Roosevelt get his way?
works progress administration wpa
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
  • Headed by Harry Hopkins
    • Turned it into largest employer in the country
    • Create many jobs, fast!
    • 1935-1943 spent $11 billion
    • Jobs to 8 million
      • Unskilled
slide14
WPA
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
    • Women
    • Minorities
    • Young people
wpa what they did
WPA: what they did
  • 850 airports
  • 651,000 miles of roads and streets
  • 125,000 public buildings
  • 300 million garments for the needy
    • Made by women in sewing groups
labor unions
Labor Unions
  • Better working conditions because of the Wagner Act
  • Roosevelt was a “Friend of Labor”
    • Unions donated to his campaign
    • Workers pledged their votes
  • Especially affected coal miners and those working in mass-production industries (i.e. automobile, rubber, electrical)
congress of industrial organizations
Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • 1938 Labor organization composed of industrial unions
    • Split from the Committee for Industrial Organization which signed up unskilled and semi-skilled workers
      • Gained union recognition within 2 years
labor disputes
Labor Disputes
  • Sit in strikes
    • Used to bargain during labor movements
    • Stayed in factory but did not do work
      • Why would this be effective?
memorial day massacre
Memorial Day massacre
  • Memorial Day 1937
  • Police attacked striking steelworkers outside the Republic Steel plant
  • 10 were killed and 84 wounded
  • NLRB stepped in and required the head of Republic Steel to negotiate with the union
    • This helped labor gain strength
slave narratives
Slave Narratives
  • Arnold Gragstonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsDelVbWozA
  • Sarah Gudgerhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6CrcHBWk8S8
national youth administration nya
National Youth Administration (NYA)
  • Provided
    • Education
    • Jobs
    • Counseling
    • Recreation
    • Aid to high school, college, and graduate students
      • Worked part-time in exchange
improving labor conditions
Improving Labor Conditions
  • 1935 NIRA ruled unconstitutional
  • National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)
    • Senator Robert Wagner (New York)
    • Protected rights of workers
      • Join unions
      • Engage in collective bargaining
    • Prohibited unfair practices
fair labor standards act
Fair Labor Standards Act
  • 1938
  • Maximum hours at 44 per week
  • Minimum wage = 25 cents/hour
    • 40 cents/hour by 1945
  • Rules for 16yrs and under
  • Banned hazardous work for 18 and under
social security act
Social Security Act
  • 1935 chaired by Frances Perkins
  • 3 major parts
    • Old-age insurance for retirees 65+ and spouses
    • Unemployment compensation system
    • Aid to families with dependent children and the disabled
  • Provided substantial benefits to millions
social security
Social Security
  • Government began accepting responsibility for providing assistance to needy members of society
    • Old age insurance
    • Unemployment compensation
    • Aid to disabled and dependent children
utilities
Utilities
  • 1935 = 12.6% of American farms had electricity
  • Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
    • Executive order
    • Bring electricity to isolated areas
  • 1945 = 48% of American farms and rural homes had electricity
  • 1949 = 90%