It is not the world that is absurd, nor human thought: the absurd arises when the human need to understand meets the unreasonableness of the world, when "my appetite for the absolute and for unity" meets "the impossibility of reducing this world to a rational and reasonable principle."
a) taking a leap of faith in God or
2) coming to the conclusion that life is meaningless
If we conclude that life is meaningless, does that mean we should commit suicide?
But wait, Al…you said that life is meaningless, so we should just accept that and do whatever we want since it's meaningless anyway - but where do the boundaries lie? We simply can't just do what we please, especially if it is ethically wrong or if it hurts other people.
The Absurd Life Example # 1:Don Juan. He was a fictional character in literature who was a serial seducer - but lived life passionately and to the fullest.
The Absurd Life Example # 2: The actor. The actor depicts brief lives for brief fame. He explains that in 3 hours, an actor can show a character's entire lifetime.
The Absurd Life Example # 3: The conquerer. A warrior forgoes all promises of eternity, in order to fully engage and affect human history. He choose action over contemplation, realizing that nothing can last - and that no victory is final.
Here, Al explores the "absurd art" which is prevalent at the time. He basically points out that "Absurdism" ultimately means losing hope for meaning, faith or any explanations.
A king named Sisyphus was punished by the gods for imprisoning Death - for a short period time, everyone was immortal. The gods put a stop to this and as a punishment, he was cursed to roll a huge boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll down again everytime - and had to repeat this for eternity.
Camus sees Sisyphus as the absurd hero who lives life to the fullest, hates death and is condemned to a meaningless task.
Camus says that because Sisyphus realizes the uselessness of his task, he reaches acceptance and is satisfied with his life of menial work..
But Camus makes a good point in using Sisyphus's meaningless, repetitive work as a metaphor for modern lives spent working at futile jobs in factories and offices.
He does not have hope, but "[t]here is no fate that cannot be surmounted by scorn." Acknowledging that truth will conquer it; Sisyphus, just like the absurd man, keeps pushing.
"The workman of today works every day in his life at the same tasks, and this fate is no less absurd. But it is tragic only at the rare moments when it becomes conscious."
Camus claims that when Sisyphus acknowledges the futility of his task and the certainty of his fate, he is freed to realize the absurdity of his situation and to reach a state of contented acceptance.
"The struggle itself toward the heights is enough to fill a man's heart. One must imagine Sisyphus happy."