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Radio Communication and Circuit Procedures

Radio Communication and Circuit Procedures

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Radio Communication and Circuit Procedures

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  1. Radio Communication and Circuit Procedures

  2. QUIZ #3

  3. Airspace Uncontrolled Controlled Flight VFR Visual Flight Rules IFR Instrument Flight Rules

  4. ATS Air Traffic Services (Division of Nav Canada) ACC Area Control Centre TCU Terminal Control Unit TWR Control Tower FSS Flight Service Station

  5. VHF Radio VHF – Very High Frequency Line of Sight Advantages -Less interference -Clearer conversations -Compact equipment Disadvantages -Low range (line of sight)

  6. Microphone Techniques • Hold the microphone close to your mouth (one inch) • Talk into the front of the microphone • If you move your head, move the mike • Try not to shout • Do not use profane language • Think before you talk • Acknowledge transmissions directed to you • Never acknowledge if you do not understand • Maintain a listening watch on appropriate frequency

  7. Radio Checks • Readability Scale • 1. Unreadable • 2. Readable now and then • 3. Readable with difficulty • 4. Readable • 5. Perfectly readable • Strength Scale • 1. Bad • 2. Poor • 3. Fair • 4. Good • 5. Excellent

  8. A- ALFA B – BRAVO C – CHARLIE D – DELTA E - ECHO F – FOXTROT G – GOLF H – HOTEL I – INDIA J – JULIET K – KILO L – LIMA M - MIKE N-NOVEMBER O – OSCAR P – PAPA Q – QUEBEC R – ROMEO S – SIERRA T – TANGO U – UNIFORM V – VICTOR W – WHISKEY X – XRAY Y – YANKEE Z – ZULU ICAO Phonetic Alphabet

  9. Numbers 0 – ZERO 5 – FIFE 1 – WUN 6 – SIX 2 – TOO 7 – SEVEN 3 – TREE 8 – AIT 4 – FOWER 9 - NINER Express altitudes by: • Say thousands of feet above sea level (ASL) • Say hundreds of feet above sea level • Say FLIGHT LEVEL for altitudes at or above • eighteen thousand feet • Otherwise say all numbers individually

  10. Aircraft Registrations • Canadian Registered Aircraft -Five letters -First letter always ‘C’ but is the nationality marking, not the registration -Say last four letters in phonetics -After initial contact, use last three letters of registration (if initiated by ATC) • MEDEVAC - Medical evacuation • HEAVY - Aircraft over 300,000 lbs

  11. How to Communicate • Identify who you are calling • Say your aircraft type • Say your aircraft registration (phonetics) Wait for a response • Say your position • Say your altitude • Say your intentions • Say your transponder code (if required) • Say that you have the appropriate ATIS • Give any other appropriate information WHO WHERE WHAT YOU WANT

  12. ATC Clearance • If accepted by the pilot, you must comply • If unable to comply, the pilot must inform ATC as soon as possible ATC Instruction • The pilot must comply, unless the safety of the aircraft is jeopardized

  13. Frequencies

  14. MF Mandatory frequency ATF Aerodrome Traffic Frequency 123.2 mhz

  15. CIRCUIT

  16. 1 2

  17. 1 MID DOWNWIND @ CYPQ

  18. 1 BASE TURN @ CYPQ

  19. 2 FINAL @ CYPQ

  20. 1 3 MILE DOWNWIND @ CYPQ

  21. Words and Phrases Roger Affirmative Negative Correction Orbit Say Again Read you… Squawk… Taxi via Stop Acknowledge Break Go Ahead How do you read Say again Over Read back Speak slower Stand by That is correct Words twice Report clear Hold your position Correction

  22. Words and Phrases Taxi to position and wait/hold Cleared for take off/to land runway… Hold short of ……(must be read back Do a 360’ turn to the left/right Are you ready for immediate take-off?..(if yes) Cleared for immediate take-off Traffic at your … o’clock position, right to left Taxi across runway …. Cleared to the circuit left hand Cleared straight in approach to runway ….. Present position direct …….. Report over head the field Cleared left/right base runway …..

  23. Words and Phrases Pull up and go around Extend downwind Widen base Traffic is a C 172 on final, do you have the traffic? Report clearing the zone Descend now When off the runway contact ground on 121.8 What is your position and altitude? Not below 2000 feet Give way to ….. Cleared touch and go Report….. Slant final

  24. CYKZ

  25. In All Radio Communications • Use proper phraseologies • Use phonetics as necessary • Transmit numbers correctly • Speak clearly • Speak at a normal speed