slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
All things on Earth can be classified into one of two categories PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
All things on Earth can be classified into one of two categories

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

All things on Earth can be classified into one of two categories - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Download Presentation
All things on Earth can be classified into one of two categories
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. birds wind insects substrate bacteria precipitation fungi sunlight reptiles temperature plants disturbances (fire, hurricanes) mammals amphibians nutrients fish All things on Earth can be classified into one of two categories BIOTIC ABIOTIC

  2. BIOLOGY = the study of living things What things make something “living” vs. “nonliving”? 1. reproduction (DNA) 2. movement 3. metabolism 4. growth 5. stimulus response to the environment

  3. Hierarchy of Life Earth biosphere ecosystems communities populations organisms organ systems organs tissues cells molecules atoms subatomic particles

  4. a community of species combined with their abiotic (nonliving) environment populations of all the different species occupying a particular place at the same time a group of interacting organisms of the same species that occupy a specific area at the same time any single life form ecosystem community population organism

  5. ENERGY FLOW IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS E = energy The single most essential requirement for living things. Without it, cells cannot work and all biological processes stop.

  6. What is the ultimate source of energy for living things on Earth?

  7. CO2 H2O The ultimate source of energy for life on Earth is the sun yields sugar + O2 photosynthesis converts the radiation E of the sun into chemical bond E stored in sugar (glucose)

  8. Captured E from the sun is stored in the chemical bonds of glucose

  9. Living things access this stored E by breaking these bonds during metabolism RESPIRATION

  10. Living organisms are either: AUTOTROPHS HETEROTROPHS

  11. so…. • energy comes to our planet from the sun • is converted into chemical bond energy by photosynthetic organisms • is accessed for use by organisms through aerobic or anaerobic respiration - all life is linked in food chains and webs -

  12. FOOD CHAIN Secondary consumers eat primary consumers. They are also known as carnivores (“meat eaters”). Primary consumers eat producers (green things). They are also known as herbivores (“herb eaters”). Green plants are called producers because they “produce” food for the rest of the planet The sun = E source

  13. tertiary consumer secondary consumer primary consumer primary producer


  15. DECOMPOSERS… turning a food chain into a food cycle • feed on dead producers and consumers • are necessary for the renewal of life because they • recycle nutrients and biological molecules making • them available to be used again by producers

  16. Energy flows along the chains in one direction from the sun. At each link in the chain, there is energy loss.

  17. 10% 10% 10% Only about 10% (5%-20% range) of the E stored in biological mass at one level of the food pyramid is converted to biological mass at the next level The other 90% of energy is lost in transfer – largely as heat

  18. Why should we care about food chains and food webs ??

  19. The main food of sea otters = sea urchins Kelp forest Sea Urchins Sea Otter all species dependent on kelp forest 1. Understanding food webs allows us to better understand and predict how impacts to ecosystems will influence all species. In the 1800’s, sea otters were hunted to near extinction The main food of sea urchins = kelp kelp creates kelp forests critical habitat: providing food and shelter for hundreds of marine species As Sea Otter population recovered, this trend was reversed

  20. As global warming diminishes Antarctic sea ice, the algae that inhabit the substructure of the sea ice disappear. In turn, krill that feed on the algae decline, leaving little food for the penguins that feed on krill. sea algae krill Adelie penguins

  21. 2. They allow us to trace the movement of materials through ecosystems foodwebs are often used to trace the bioaccumulation of toxins in wildlife Methylmercury is absorbed by algae and plankton in the ocean and biomagnifies/ bioconcentrates as it moves up the food chain.

  22. Life on Earth is sustained by: • the flow of E from the sun through living things by their feeding interactions • the cycling of matter (the atoms and molecules needed for survival) through the biosphere