APPROACH TO ENERGY CONSCIOUS RETROFIT OF SLOVENIAN BUILDING STOCK
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APPROACH TO ENERGY CONSCIOUS RETROFIT OF SLOVENIAN BUILDING STOCK Marjana ŠIJANEC ZAVRL ZRMK, Technological Building and Civil Engineering Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia. GENERAL DATA. CLIMATE: 3200 DD ENERGY USE: Industry 29%

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APPROACH TO ENERGY CONSCIOUS RETROFIT OF SLOVENIAN BUILDING STOCK

Marjana ŠIJANEC ZAVRL

ZRMK, Technological Building and Civil Engineering Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia


GENERAL DATA STOCK

CLIMATE: 3200 DD

ENERGY USE: Industry 29%

Traffic 34%

Other 37%

(60% in residential sector)

APARTMENTS: 700.000 households

50% in single-family houses

50% in apartment buildings

(90% privatized)

OLD BUILDINGS: built before 1980

ENERGY DEMAND: 350 - 115 kWh/m2a

AV. ENERGY USE: 180 kWh/m2a



Energy saving potential in buildings
ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN BUILDINGS STOCK

  • technical:

    • 60 % (windows 20 %)

  • economically viable:

    • 29 % (PB < 10 y)

    • low & medium cost measures

    • envelope at major restoration

  • socially acceptable

    • dependent on homeowner attitude and investment resources

    • public opinion analysis 1995/96




analysis


Incentives for housing sector 1996 1997
INCENTIVES FOR HOUSING SECTOR 1996, 1997 analysis

  • grant subsidy scheme for low cost investment in 1996 (Ministry of Economic Affairs allocated the founds for the incentives for implementation of energy saving measures in 2800 households in Slovenia. :

    • loft insulation (in 355 households) - (2 EUR) 350 SIT/m2 with max. (150 EUR) 28.000 SIT/household, i.e. aprox. cost of insulation material for unused attics in average building,

    • window tightening (in 944 households) - (2 EUR) 400 SIT/m’ of window frame with max. (50 EUR) 10.000 SIT/household, aprox. cost of window tightening in smaller apartment,

    • oil burner adjustment (in 1229 households).- (30 EUR) 5.500 SIT, i.e. cost of the service.


Incentives for housing sector 1998 2002
INCENTIVES FOR HOUSING SECTOR 1998 - 2002 analysis

  • grant subsidy scheme for medium cost investments - implementation of EE windows and glazing in existing and new houses

    • anticipated rate of window exchange in households:

      • 21 % in 5 years …public opinion analysis

  • aprox. 640.000 EUR of subsidies allocated to the households

    • EE windows and glazing (in 2985 households) - (average subsidy 200 EUR/household; i.e. 10-15% investment or the incremental investment in energy efficient glazing, average pay back 2 - 2.5 years

    • savings 11600 MWh/year, CO2 reduction 2458 tons/year


Subsidised window technology
SUBSIDISED WINDOW TECHNOLOGY analysis

  • FRAMES

    • U < 1.6 W/m2K

  • GLAZING

    • U < 1.4 W/m2K

  • OVERALL

    • U < 1.6 W/m2K (ISO/DIS 10077)

  • LOW AIR PERMEABILITY

    • Class C (SIST 1018)


“QUALITY LABEL IN CIVIL ENGINEERING” analysis

 PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

PRODUCTION PROCESS

 QUALITY OF SERVICE

 INTEGRAL SUSTAINABLE CRITERIA IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS


analysis NON-OBLIGATORY CERTIFICATION LABEL

 NATIONAL CHARACTER

 SUPPORTING IDENTIFICATION OF EE WINDOWS

 EVALUATION SCHEME

 PONDERED CRITERIA

 RESULTS TRANSFORMED INTO POINTS


Regulation on ti and ee of buildings
REGULATION on TI and EE of BUILDINGS analysis

  • 1875 – Bauordnung – Austrian Hungarian Empire – full brick outer wall 45 cm Umax < 1.3 W/m2K

  • 1970 - Regulation on min. tech. requirements for thermal insulation of buildings – outer wall Umax < 1.3 W/m2K

  • 1980 - JUS.U.J5.600 – outer wall Umax < 0.8 W/m2K

  • 1984 - spec. Heat loss of building Q’ max < 7+14foW/m3(fo=A/V)recalculated in the form of EN 832: Qh < 65 + 55 fo kWh/m2aannual net heat use for space heating per unit net floor area of residential building


New 5 2002 regulation in slovenia calculation method sist en 832
NEW (5/2002) REGULATION IN SLOVENIA CALCULATION METHOD SIST EN 832

  • Transmission and ventilation heat losses – criteria 2, 3

  • Solar gains + internal heat sources > useful gains

  • Qh net heat use for space heating – criteron 1

CPD (89/106/EEC)

ID6 Energy Economy and Heat Retention

level 4+2+3

future: level 5

Directive “on energy performance of buildings” (2002/91/EC)


New regulation on thermal insulation and ee in buildings since may 2002
NEW REGULATION ON THERMAL INSULATION AND EE IN BUILDINGS (SINCE MAY 2002)

  • 1st criterion - net heat use for space heating per net floor area

  • Qh < 45 + 40 fo kWh/m2a

    savings: (-30%)

    Per year:

  • 60.000 MWh/a less heat demand

  • 12.000 ton/a less CO2emissions


Annual heat demand
ANNUAL HEAT DEMAND (SINCE MAY 2002)

NEW

-30%

Figure 3. Requirements concerning maximum heat demand for space heating per net floor area Qh/Au according to the new Slovene regulation on thermal insulation and energy efficiency in buildings, (May 2002), (comparison: upper line - recent Slovenian regulations. JUS U.J5.600, middle line - Germany WSVO 95, bottom line -according to the new regulation in Slovenia)


Minimum requirement for overall envelope u value w m2k 2nd criterion
MINIMUM REQUIREMENT FOR OVERALL ENVELOPE U VALUE (W/M2K) - (SINCE MAY 2002)2nd CRITERION

0.33

0.66

Koper

Ljubljana

Jesenice

0.92


Economic impact
Economic impact (SINCE MAY 2002)

  • JUS.U.J5.600 for outer wall 5cm TI oz. U=0.7 W/m2K

  • New regulation U=0.42 W/m2K

  • difference 0.28 W/m2K compensated 3cm - 4cm TI

  • Additional investment 20 do 35 EUR per m2 facade

  • For a single family house additional TI cost 200 to 500 EUR!

  • savings 15 kWh/m2a, pay back 3-5 let


Energy labelling of buildings
ENERGY LABELLING OF BUILDINGS (SINCE MAY 2002)

  • non-obligatory scheme since 2002SAVE 93/76/EEC Directive

  • pilot project

  • market priority

  • state subsidies

  • obligatory scheme2002/91/EC Directive


ADR-ing, d.o.o., Ljubljana (SINCE MAY 2002)


Overview of activities towards improved ee of slovenian buildings
OVERVIEW OF ACTIVITIES TOWARDS IMPROVED EE OF SLOVENIAN BUILDINGS

  • concept of national program of EE rehabilitation of existing buildings (identification of energy saving potential) 1994-1996

  • energy advisory network ENSVET (advisory offices in municipality, advice for homeowners) since 1992

  • feasibility study for implementation of EE measures in housing - public opinion analysis on social acceptability 1995/96

  • incentives for EE investments in housing (grant subsidiesscheme for loft insulation.., solar collectors, greenhouses, biomass boilers, ..EE windows… - low and medium cost investments) 1996-2002

  • development of “Quality Mark in Buildings and C.E.”

    (“ZKG” - non-obligatory certification scheme for

    building products and services, i.e. EE windows) since 1997


  • preparation of BUILDINGS new regulation for thermal insulationand EE in buildings (EN 832) 2001/2002

  • pilot project of energy certification/labelling of buildings (1999-2002)

  • support to development of energy auditing scheme, education of auditors, development of the auditing market, subsidies for audited buildings, EE in municipalities (since 1997)link to energy certification of public buildings 2002/91/EC Directive

  • revolving found for EE investments

  • information, awareness: workshops, training, leaflets for AURE, brochures, exhibitions in Building Centre of Slovenia

  • international co-operation: projects PHARE, JOULE-THERMIE, EUREKA, COST, SAVE, FP5, OPET Slovenia (since 1998)


ENERGY CERTIFICATE / LABELLING OF BUILDINGS – UPGRADES NEW EE REGULATION

  • according to SAVE Dir. – document representing building energy indicators (heat demand indicators), ranking the building in one of seven classes according to the energy demand (A-G)

    • Aim – informing buyer and/or tenant of a house / apartment about the building energy indicators

    • connection to state subsidies for restoration of buildings


EVALUATED (SUSTAINABLE) CRITERIA: EE REGULATION

 measurable technical criteria

 non-measurable technical criteria

 environmental criteria

 efficiency and quality of production processes

 satisfaction of buyers

 fulfilment of the company’s business plan

 global impact on the society and environment


Energy labelling of appliances
Energy labelling of appliances EE REGULATION

  • obligatory since Dec. 2001

  • promotion, information and awareness raising needed


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