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IF YOU MISSED THIS CLASS, YOU NEED TO:

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  1. 2. SPANISH AND FRENCH EXPLORERS IF YOU MISSED THIS CLASS, YOU NEED TO: 2 1)DO THE DQ FOR THE DAY. WRITE THE DAILY QUOTE AND ANSWER THE QUESTION FOR THE DAY. WRITE THE SONGS. 2) YOU ARE TO COPY THE NOTES (I GET MY COPY BACK). 3) FILL OUT THE EXPLORER CHART AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS 4) DO THE T-CHART ON THE BOARD: DQ SPANISH & FRENCH EXPLORER NOTES EXPLORER CHART QUESTIONS T-Chart (SEE POWER POINT)

  2. “No harm’s done to history by making it something someone would want to read.” -DAVID MCCULLOUGH Daily Comment & Card 1454-1512 1500s-1700s AMERIGO VESPUCCI MERCANTILISM -Italian on Portuguese expedition -Explored South America -led to suggestion that “New World” had been discovered -After account published, cartographer named the continent America thinking that his expedition had landed before Columbus -Economic philosophy of 1600 that colonies existed to serve mother country -believed one nation’s gain was another’s loss -goal: export more than import in trade (have gold & silver) -believed in Government regulation SONGS FOR THE DAY: SAIL ON

  3. Daily Comment & Card 1454-1512 “No harm’s done to history by making it something someone would want to read.” -DAVID MCCULLOUGH AMERIGO VESPUCCI -Italian on Portuguese expedition -Explored South America -led to suggestion that “New World” had been discovered -After account published, cartographer named the continent America thinking that his expedition had landed before Columbus SONGS FOR THE DAY: COME SAIL AWAY

  4. Daily Comment & Card 1500s-1700s “No harm’s done to history by making it something someone would want to read.” -DAVID MCCULLOUGH MERCANTILISM -Economic philosophy of 1600 that colonies existed to serve mother country -believed one nation’s gain was another’s loss -goal: export more than import in trade (have gold & silver) -believed in Government regulation SONGS FOR THE DAY: A WHOLE NEW WORLD

  5. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO: -Identify major French explorers and their claims for France -Compare the relationships with the natives of the French and the Spanish -Evaluate the French legacy in the New World

  6. SPANISH EXPLORERS Balboa- Panama Magellan- circumnavigated globe (1519-1522) Ponce de Leon- Florida (fountain of youth) Coronado- 7 cities of Cibola (Grand Canyon) DeSoto- Mississippi Pizarro- Incas (Peru-1532) Cabeza de Vaca- Texas Cortes- Aztecs Spanish colonies only trade with Spain, only Catholics can migrate. 10/13

  7. CORTES conquers Aztecs in Mexico under Monteczuma (thought he was returned God) Quetzalcoatl Tenochtitlan capitol city Cortes burned his ships—WHY? Help from Spanish enslaved by Mayans and an Indian slave, Malinche (female), who spoke Mayan and one Aztec language-learned Spanish. Baptized Dona Marina Brought death, conquest, intermarriage (mestizos), crops, & animals Malinchista=traitor Columbus Day=Dia de la Raza 11/13

  8. SPANISH LEGACY? • LANGUAGE • RELIGION • ARCHITECTURE one story, adobe/stone, arched doors. court yards, high ceilings, tile roofs domed churches, rectangular bell tower • FOOD & ANIMALS oranges, lemons, olives, sugar cane, wheat, rice cows, pigs, horses, donkeys • EDUCATION universities (Lima, Peru & Mexico City-1550s) 12/13

  9. St. Augustine, Florida (1565) is oldest continually inhabited European settlement in what is now the U.S. Encomienda (grants land and indians in return for promise of Christianization) system was used. 13/13

  10. FRENCH EXPLORERS GIOVANNI DA VERRAZANO- (Italian) New York Harbor (looking for Northwest Passage) JACQUES CARTIER- St. Lawrence River (Montreal) SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN-“Father of New France” first permanent French Colony (Quebec-1608) Jacques Marquett & Louis Joliet-Mississippi River (1673) ROBERT CAVALIER DE LA SALLE-sailed Mississippi into Gulf of Mexico, named Louisiana for KING LOUIS XIV 1/4

  11. Claimed-Canada, Great Lakes, Mississippi River (LA) -used river as natural highway to North America -concerned with FUR TRADE and set up trading posts throughout territory -set up Indian missions (scattered, isolated) ONLY CATHOLICS COULD MIGRATE TO NEW WORLD FRENCH PROTESTANTS (HUGUENOTS) BARRED FROM FRENCH COLONIES, THEY COULD SETTLE WITH ENGLISH 2/4

  12. Relations with natives— (unlike English) • clear out forests • drive out animals • take land away DID NOT... • USUALLY FRENCH RELATIONSHIP WITH NATIVES BETTER THAN OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES • Fur Traders lived with/ married with natives • Spanish used natives as work force and nearly exterminated them through work & disease 3/4

  13. FRENCH LEGACY? • RELIGION Spread through mission systems (Mississippi, Canada) • CUSTOMS/LANGUAGE Areas settled spoke French (Quebec still today) French mixed into languages spoken in Louisiana • GEOGRAPHIC TERMS 4/4

  14. COLONIZATION IN THE NEW WORLD SPANISH FRENCH WERE THERE RULES AS TO WHO COULD SETTLE? HOW DID THEY TREAT THE NATIVES? WHAT WAS THE RELATIONSHIP TO THE “MOTHER COUNTRY? WHERE DID THEY SETTLE? WHAT WAS THE LEGACY OF COLONIZATION?

  15. Bering Strait

  16. Assignment