15. WAR OF 1812-ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS IF YOU MISSED THIS CLASS, YOU NEED TO: 2 1) DO THE DQ FOR THE DAY. WRITE THE DAILY QUOTE AND ANSWER THE QUESTION FOR THE DAY. 2) YOU ARE TO COPY THE NOTES (I GET MY COPY BACK). 3) YOU NEED TO DO THE MARSHALL COURT ASSIGNMENT (FOR EACH COURT CASE, WRITE THE NAME, THE DATE, AN EXPLANATION, AND THEN ONE/TWO WORDS THAT WILL HELP YOU REMEMBER IT.
2 Daily Quote &Question (DQ2) 2 “We have met the enemy and they are ours.” -Oliver Hazard Perry (to Major General William Henry Harrison after the Battle of Lake Erie, 10 September 1813) SONGS FOR THE DAY: 1. Battle of New Orleans 2. Star Spangled Banner What were the major challenges faced by Jefferson during his presidency?
“We have met the enemy and they are ours.” -Oliver Hazard Perry (to Major General William Henry Harrison after the Battle of Lake Erie, 10 September 1813) Daily Comment & Card 1812-1815 1812-1815 CAUSES OF THE WAR OF 1812 WAR OF 1812 EVENTS -Early victories at sea by the U.S., then overcome by British -The U.S Admiral Perry took Lake Erie with the navy -Opened the way for William Henry Harrison to invade Canada and defeat the British and Native Americans -Andrew Jackson led the American charge through the Southwest -Battle of New Orleans where Jackson defeated the British (after the treaty) -British impressment of American sailors -American frontiersmen wanted more free land (the West was held by Native Americans and the British -The U.S. suspected the British were encouraging Native American rebellion -”War Hawk” Congressional leaders, such as Clay and Calhoun, pressed for intervention and wanted annexation of Canada and Florida -U.S. sided with France against Britain SONG FOR THE DAY: BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS
WAR OF 1812 ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS REVIEW • MR. MADISON’S WAR • 1. WAR HAWKS IN CONGRESS • 2. HIGHLIGHTS OF WAR • 3. TREATY OF GHENT & RESULTS • B. ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS • 1. PATRIOTIC TIME PERIOD • 2. CLAY’S AMERICAN SYSTEM • 3. TRANSCONTINENTAL TREATY • 4. MARSHALL COURT • 5. MONROE DOCTRINE
MR. MADISON’S WAR (WAR OF 1812) • 1. WAR HAWKS IN CONGRESS • WHO WERE THE LEADERS? • WHY DID THEY WANT A WAR WITH ENGLAND? • NOT EVERYONE AGREED—WHAT SHOWS OPPOSITION? CLAY & CALHOUN • ANGRY OVER VIOLATIONS OF NEUTRAL RIGHTS (IMPRESSMENT) • THOUGHT BRITISH PROVOKING TROUBLE WITH NATIVES • WANTED TO TAKE CANADA • REVENGE FOR REVOLUTION HARTFORD CONVENTION—NEW ENGLAND STATES 1/7
2. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE WAR A. ATTEMPT TO TAKE CANADA B. NAVAL VICTORIES C. BRITISH BURN WASHINGTON D.C. D. ATTACK OF FORT MCHENRY E. BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS FAILS!!! CONSTITUTION (OLD IRONSIDES) SINKS BRITISH SHIP BATTLE ON LAKE ERIE (OLIVER H. PERRY)--QUOTE CAPITOL & WHITE HOUSE—DOLLY BECOMES A HERO!! BALTIMORE, MARYLAND—BOMBARDED ALL NIGHT! FRANCIS SCOTT KEY WRITES STAR-SPANGLED BANNER RESTORES NATIONAL PRIDE—FIRE ON BRITISH ACROSS SWAMP 2,000 BRITISH DEAD-7 AMERICANS 2 WKS AFTER TREATY!! 2/7
3. TREATY OF GHENT & RESULTS 1. TREATY OF GHENT 2. RESULTS OF WAR ENDS WAR IN A TIE—RESTORES BOUNDARIES, NO TERRITORY CHANGES HANDS (BUT DON’T MENTION IMPRESSMENT OR VIOLATIONS OF NEUTRAL RIGHTS AT SEA!! PREPARED AND ABLE TO DEFEND OURSELVES GROWTH OF AMERICAN INDUSTRY DEVELOP SPIRIT OF NATIONALISM WESTERN EXPANSION STIMULATED DON’T FORGET: -U.S. ACCEPTS CANADA AS PART OF BRITISH EMPIRE -FEDERALIST PARTY GONE -PRECEDENT FOR TALK OF SECESSION -WAR HEROES…JACKSON HARRISON 3/7
VIEW NEAR THE VILLAGE OF CASTKILL by Thomas Cole (1827) B. ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS 1. PATRIOTIC TIME PERIOD 2. CLAY’S AMERICAN SYSTEM JAMES MONROE IS PRESIDENT! PATRIOTIC THEMES—PAINTINGS AND OTHER ART WORK—WEBSTER’S DICTIONARY, PARSON WEEMS’ STORIES FEDERALISTS GONE (NO OPPOSING PARTY) FOCUS ON US!! RAINY SEASON IN THE TROPICS by Frederic Edwin (1866) Plan for economic growth 1) Protective Tariffs 2) National Bank 3) Internal Improvements RECREATION by Jerome Thompson (1857) 4/7
TRANSCONTINENTAL TREATY/ADAMS-ONIS TREATY Negotiated by JQ Adams 1) fixed U.S. borders 2) opened new territory 3) acquired Florida (from Spain) SO HOW DID WE GET FLORIDA? JACKSON INVADES… TAKES 2 FORTS-DRIVES OUT SPANISH GOV—HANGS 2 BRITISH TRADERS…SPAIN WORRIED Spain had very feeble control… Frontiersmen in GA “eyeing” land Seminoles raiding U.S. territory 1817-Monroe orders Jackson to clear Seminoles from America w/ permission to pursue into Florida. 5/7
Chief Justice John Marshall (federalist, major influence…) -appointed by John Adams 4. MARSHALL COURT Marbury v. Madison (1803) Fletcher v. Peck (1810) Judicial review First time Supreme Court declared a state law unconstitutional McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Gibbons v. Ogden (1821) State can’t tax federal institution NATIONAL LAWS SUPREME OVER STATE LAWS Federal Government has control over interstate commerce Martin v. Hunter’s Lease (1816) Cohens v. Virginia (1821) Supreme Court has jurisdiction over state courts in cases about constitutional rights Supreme Court can review state court decision involving powers of federal government 6/7
WHAT DO THE DECISIONS OF THE MARSHALL COURT HAVE IN COMMON? -favored central government & rights of property over states’ rights
Monroe doctrine… 5. • AMERICAN CONTINENT NOT OPEN TO FURTHER EUROPEAN COLONIZATION • ATTEMPTS OF EUROPE TO INTERFERE REGARDED AS UNFRIENDLY ACT • U.S. WOULD NOT INTERFERE IN EUROPEAN AFFAIRS OR EUROPEAN COLONIES ALREADY EXISTING IN WESTERN HEMISPHERE *BECOMES CORNERSTONE OF AMERICAN DIPLOMACY *WORKS BECAUSE BRITISH BACK US UP!! 7/7