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World Resources Institute. AWAKENING THE DEAD ZONE An Investment for Agriculture, Water Quality and Climate Suzie Greenhalgh & Amanda Sauer. World Resources Institute. Hypoxia: What is it? What causes It?. The Dead Zone Seasonally oxygen depleted zone in the Gulf of Mexico

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slide1

World Resources Institute

AWAKENING THE DEAD ZONE

An Investment for Agriculture, Water Quality and Climate

Suzie Greenhalgh & Amanda Sauer

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World Resources Institute

Hypoxia: What is it? What causes It?

The Dead Zone

  • Seasonally oxygen depleted zone in the Gulf of

Mexico

  • Mobile aquatic species leave the area
  • Those that can’t leave die or are weakened

Primary Cause

  • Nitrogen from the Mississippi River Basin
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World Resources Institute

Hypoxia: The Growing Problem

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Sources of Nitrogen?

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Where does the nitrogen come from?

Source: USGS, 2000

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

WRI Policy Research

  • Agricultural Policy Analysis
    • Fertilizer Tax on Nitrogen
    • Extension of CRP
    • Conservation Tillage Subsidy
    • GHG Trading
    • Nutrient Trading
    • Nutrient Trading with GHG Payments
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World Resources Institute

Nitrogen delivered to the Gulf

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Farm Income

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Nitrogen Lost to Waterways

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Phosphorus Lost to Waterways

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Soil Erosion

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Cost-Effectiveness

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Regional Impacts

Setting the scene

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World Resources Institute

Regional Impacts

Setting the scene

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WRI Findings

Findings

  • Considering nitrogen delivery to the Gulf is important
  • Nutrient trading is the most cost-effective solution
  • Co-benefits are important
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World Resources Institute

WRI Recommendations

Recommendations

  • Establish and implement a N cap for Mississippi River Basin
  • Promote nutrient trading programs
  • Develop a coordinated and collaborative approach to watershed planning
  • Establish coordinated monitoring strategies
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World Resources Institute

WRI Recommendations

Recommendations

  • Farm conservation spending should be targeted
  • Need to explore other opportunities to reduce GHG emissions
  • Develop strategy to address a suite of environmental problems NOT individual problems
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World Resources Institute

AWAKENING THE DEAD ZONE

An Investment for Agriculture, Water Quality and Climate

Suzie Greenhalgh & Amanda Sauer

Suzieg@wri.org