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Transitioning to the Integrated Earth Observing System A Presentation to the NOAA Science Advisory Board Gregory W. Withee Assistant Administrator for Satellite and Information Services March 23, 2005
Outline • Purpose • Issue • Presentation of Briefing • NOAA Coordination and Views • Desired Outcomes
Purpose To address the following SAB question “How do we transition from the Integrated Ocean Observing System, NPOESS, GOES-R, NEXRAD, etc, to the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System?” In other words: "How do we put the observation pieces together to achieve a National integrated Earth observing system with all of the anticipated benefits?"
Issues • Organizational • How do we effectively organize to implement the U.S. Strategic Plan? • Technical • What is the level of integration to be achieved? • How do we formally recognize research to operations roles among agencies? • Fiscal • How do we budget for integrated observations across agencies?
Climate Ozone Layers SO2 Concentration Fires Land & Sea Surface Temperatures Cloud Profiles Observations Support NOAA Goals Ecosystem Phytoplankton Blooms Surface Vegetation Fraction & Index Location of hazardous materials Upward Longwave Radiation Weather and Water Temperature and Moisture Profiles Lightning Detection Wind Analysis Solar and Space Weather Commerce and Transportation Volcanic Ash Ice, Fog, Snow, and Wind Thunderstorm Detection MTS, Nautical Charts/Ports
NOAA Observing Systems Contribution Data Assimilation & Modeling Applied Research Observing Systems Partnerships Environmental Services
Earth Observation Principles • Comprehensive • Consists of physical, chemical, and biological systems • Encompasses in situ, mobile, airborne, and satellite observations • Integrated • Multiple platforms orchestrated to serving one or more missions • One platform serving multiple missions • Sustained • Consists of future, current, and predecessor systems • Includes sustained R&D program feeding into evolving long-term operational program
IntegrationPerspective • Policy and Planning Integration • Focus on specific societal benefits • Issue and Problem Focused Integration • Address a particular issue • Scientific Integration • Modeling of Earth processes • Technical Systems Integration • Coordination of observing system technology and data management systems • Account for observing system evolution
Integration Benefits Observation Level • Satellite and in situ • Multipurpose observation platforms • Interoperability of observation system Interagency Level • Analysis of gaps and duplication • Building a comprehensive integrated Earth observation budget International Level • Leverage international efforts where practical
NOAA Integration Strategy Implementation • NOAA Observing Systems Council established • First NOAA observing systems inventory achieved in 2003 • Strategic Direction for NOAA’s Integrated Environmental Observation and Data Management System published in 2004 • NOAA data management systems inventory underway (includes data assimilation) • Requirements analysis underway • Gap analysis and prioritized observation systems underway • Technical Director for Integrated Observations and Data Management appointed in 2005
Implementing NOAA Observing System Architecture • Ensure continuity of observations • Develop new systems • Obtain data from non-NOAA sources • Add capacity to existing systems • Retire unnecessary duplicative systems • Ensure best use of all available data
FY 2005 Objectives • Prioritize observing system investments for FY 2008 budget cycle • Carry out major systems acquisition (ships, GOES-R, NPOESS, CLASS) • Increase observation integration efforts (tsunami warning network) • Develop NASA/NOAA Research to Operations Plan • Implement Strategic Plan for U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System • Continue active leadership in GEOSS implementation
Drivers for Research to Operations • NASA and NOAA Research to Operations experience • TIROS, SeaSat, –> Nimbus,POES, GOES • EOS -> NPP/NPOESS • EOSDIS data system • JCSDA • Inventory of NASA Earth-Sun System research results to be addressed • National Goal and Agency Objectives • “…demonstrate new technologies for improving operational systems of the future.” • IWGEO and GEO • Configuring/enabling sustainable solutions for societal benefits
IEOS Benefits Focus Protect & Monitor Ocean Resource Protect & Monitor Water Resources Reduce Loss of Life and Property from Disasters Support Sustainable Agriculture & Combat Land Degradation Monitor & Manage Energy Resources Understand Effect of Environmental Factors on Human Health & Well-Being Develop Capacity for Ecological Forecasts Improve Weather Forecasting Understand Climate Variability & Change
Interagency Working Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO) • IWGEO reports to the White House Committee on Environment and Natural Resources (CENR) • 15 agencies participate as members • CENR Subcommittee Co-chairs are ex officio members • Co-chairs • Ghassem Asrar, NASA • Teresa Fryberger, OSTP • Greg Withee, NOAA • 5 Teams – mirror the GEO sub-group structure • Includes a planning and integration team for development of the US strategic plan
U.S. Contribution to GEOSS Vision Enable a healthy public, economy, and planet through an integrated, comprehensive, and sustained Earth observation system. Presented at the Earth Observation Summit-III in Brussels, Belgium, February 16, 2005
Architecture • Builds on existing systems • Addresses planned, research and operational systems • Capabilities interfaced through interoperability specifications • Preserves continuity of observations
Data Management System for Earth Observations Data management needs • Current systems already challenged • New systems mean 100-fold increase in data • Development of access systems • Integration through interoperability
The Road Ahead for the U.S. Interagency Effort • Continue to engage academic, industry, and non-profit partners to guarantee plan comprehensive and useful • Public Engagement Workshop scheduled for May 9-10, 2005 in Washington, D.C. • Industry alliance has been formed • Establish CENR Earth Observation Subcommittee as successor to IWGEO
Key Earth Observation Opportunities NOAA • Prioritize observing system investments for FY 2008 budget cycle • Carry out major systems acquisition (ships, GOES-R, NPOESS, CLASS) • Continued work on our Integrated Surface Observation System and Integrated Upper Air Observation System • Increase observation integration efforts (tsunami warning network) Interagency • Develop NASA/NOAA Research to Operations Plan • Develop and implement Strategic Plan for U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System • Continue to engage academic, industry, and non-profit partners to implement U.S. Plan International • Continue active leadership in GEOSS implementation
NOAA Coordination & Views • Coordination with • NOAA Observing Systems Council (NOAA link to national effort) • Interagency Working Group on Earth Observations (national link to international effort) • Group on Earth Observations (international) • What has NOAA done to address this issue? • Strategic Direction for NOAA’s Integrated Global Environmental Observation and Data Management System • Strategic Plan for the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System (national) • Global Earth Observation System of Systems Implementation Plan (international)
Desired Outcomes Answer the SAB question on transitioning to the Integrated Earth Observation System • Open discussion with SAB on presentation • SAB recommendations on the “way ahead”
Working Schedule 12/04 1/05 3/05 4/05 5/05 6/05 9/05 NASA/NOAA Research to Operations White Paper NASA & NOAA Management Briefings Framework Document complete Preliminary NASA/NOAA Research to Operations Plan Pathfinder Unit Transition Plans drafted FY2008 Budget Plan(s) submitted N/N Research to Operations Transition Plan Submitted
Near Term Opportunities • Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings • Global Land Observing System • Sea Level Observing System • National Integrated Drought Information System • Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System • Data Management System for Earth Observations