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Philosophy Theorists. Freud, Adler, Maslow, Erikson. What is Personality?. the quality or state of being a person. : the complex of characteristics that distinguishes an individual. the totality of an individual's behavioral and emotional characteristics. Nature vs. Nurture.

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philosophy theorists

Philosophy Theorists

Freud, Adler, Maslow, Erikson

what is personality
What is Personality?
  • the quality or state of being a person.
  • : the complex of characteristics that distinguishes an individual.
  • the totality of an individual's behavioral and emotional characteristics.
sigmund freud
Sigmund Freud
  • Known as Father of Psychology
  • Oldest of 8 children
  • Father - Discipline
  • Mother - Nurturer
  • Born Czechoslovakia
  • Father blue collar worker
  • Moved to Vienna when father lost job
freud cont
Freud Cont…
  • Studied a patients thoughts (Feelings, not illness)
  • Studied Neurology
  • Strong psychological interest
  • Volumes of writings
  • Psychoanalytic approach
freud famous work
Freud Famous Work
  • Iceberg theory
  • 1st 6 years of childhood are the most important
  • Nature - 100% instincts
  • Oedipus complex
  • ID, EGO, Superego
iceberg cont
Iceberg Cont..
  • According to Freud there are three levels of consciousness to the mind
  • Conscious (small) 10% - part of the mind that holds what you are aware of.
  • Preconscious (small-medium) 10-15% - Regarded as ordinary memory. Not in conscious but can be readily brought to conscious
  • Unconscious (enormous) 75-80% - Not directly accessible to awareness. “Dump box” for urges, feelings and ideas tied to anxiety.
iceberg cont1
Iceberg Cont…
  • Much of Freud’s work on the ID, Ego, Superego comes from this theory.
  • Believes Information passes easily between conscious and preconscious.
  • To access truly unconscious information from the mind you need a psychoanalyst.
id ego superego1
ID, EGO, SuperEgo
  • ID - Pleasure seeking 100%. You are here to serve me. Ex: An infant or young child mentality.
  • EGO - Reality somewhere between the Id and Superego. May be one sided more than others.
  • SuperEgo - The giving altruistic person. Always moral, law abiding.
      • Altruistic - unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others.
oedipus complex
Oedipus Complex
  • Believes we all end up married to someone exactly like mother or father.
  • At some point in an infant/toddlers life they will desire to possess parent of opposite sex and dispose of parent of same sex.
  • Between ages 3-5
  • Becomes a repressed feeling in the unconscious.
freud s stages of development
Freud’s Stages of Development
  • Believes we are all pleasure seeking individuals. Focus’ on that for each stage
  • Oral stage - (0-2yrs) centered around the sensitive area of mouth. Communication develops
  • Anal stage - (2-3yrs) potty training
  • Phallic stage - (3-5yrs) start to realize gender differences ex: oedious complex
  • Latency - (6-12yrs) play with same sex ignore opposite.
  • Genital - (12yrs - ) puberty
defense mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms
  • Freud believes they come about when the EGO can not deal with the demands put on it. Three types of anxiety
      • Neurotic Anxiety
      • Reality Anxiety
      • Moral Anxiety
  • Types of Defense Mechanisms - Denial, Repression, Regression, Suppression, Sublimation, Displacement.
dream interpretation
Dream Interpretation
  • Freud begins to analyze dreams in order to understand aspects of personality as they relate to pathology.
  • He believes that nothing you do occurs by chance
  • every action and thought is motivated by your unconscious