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William Golding (1911-1993). British writer and novelist Studied science at Oxford Changed major to English Became an English teacher During WW II, he joined the Royal Navy Participated in the WWW II Familiar with its horrors and suffering

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william golding 1911 1993

William Golding (1911-1993)

British writer and novelist

Studied science at Oxford

Changed major to English

Became an English teacher

During WW II, he joined the Royal Navy

Participated in the WWW II

Familiar with its horrors and suffering

“But I went through war and that changed me.”

lord of the flies
Lord of the Flies
  • Lord of the Flies Golding’s most famous novel (1954)
  • Rejected by many publishers
  • Editor changed title from Strangers from Within to LOTF. First chapter was omitted: (how boys arrive to the island)
  • Novel classified as:
    • Adventure story, island story, allegory, fable, children literature
    • It belongs to the Robinsonade tradition
lord of the flies1
Lord of the Flies
  • Effect of Ballantyne’s The Coral Island is evident in LOTF:
    • Characters names
    • English boys
    • Island stories
    • Words, values and images
  • Direct reference to The Coral Island in chapters 2,12.
  • Golding invites readers to compare between his and Ballantyne’s (dialogue between texts/intertextuality)
themes in lord of the flies
Themes in Lord of the Flies
  • Civilization vs. savagery
  • Loss of innocence
  • Darkness of man’s heart
  • Good and evil
  • Evil is innate (original sin)
  • Democracy vs. dictatorship
  • Criticism of the public schools systems and headmasters in particular
  • Fear (real fear is from human beings)
chapter 1 the sound of the shell
Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell
  • Plot/events/actions
    • Plot summary (the boy with fair hair , the fat boy, Ralph, piggy, finding the shell/conch, calling the others, meeting no.1, electing a leader/Ralph, Jack leader of hunters, exploring the island, no adults/grown-ups, failed hunting attempt, “next time their would be no mercy.”
    • Characters (Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon, Roger, choir boys, little’uns)
    • Setting (island/paradise, fictional/real world, microcosm vs. macrocosm
chapter 1 the sound of the shell1
Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell
  • Plot/events/actions
    • Plot summary (the boy with fair hair , the fat boy, Ralph, piggy, finding the shell/conch, calling the others, meeting no.1, electing a leader/Ralph, Jack leader of hunters, exploring the island, no adults/grown-ups, failed hunting attempt, “next time their would be no mercy.”
    • Characters (Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon, Roger, choir boys, little’uns)
    • Setting (island/paradise, fictional/real world, microcosm vs. macrocosm
chapter 1 the sound of the shell2
Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell
  • Conflict (Ralph vs. Jack, Jack vs. Piggy, civilization vs. savagery and primitive life, democracy vs. dictatorship, innocence vs. innate evil
  • Symblism
    • Characters (i.e. Ralph represents civilization, goodness, democracy and leadership-- Jack represents evil, dictatorship, savagery and primitive life– Piggy represents intellectuality)
    • The shell/conch
    • Meetings/elections/voting represent democracy
    • Island represents paradise turning into hell at the end of the novel—it also represents the real world