slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
CONFERENCE ON NANO-SAFETY 22 – 24 April 2009, Ljubljana Dr. Hans-Jürgen Klockner VCI (German Chemical Industry Assoc PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
CONFERENCE ON NANO-SAFETY 22 – 24 April 2009, Ljubljana Dr. Hans-Jürgen Klockner VCI (German Chemical Industry Assoc

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

CONFERENCE ON NANO-SAFETY 22 – 24 April 2009, Ljubljana Dr. Hans-Jürgen Klockner VCI (German Chemical Industry Assoc - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 112 Views
  • Uploaded on

CONFERENCE ON NANO-SAFETY 22 – 24 April 2009, Ljubljana Dr. Hans-Jürgen Klockner VCI (German Chemical Industry Association). Responsible Production and Utilization of Nanomaterials in the Chemical Industry – Applications, Voluntary Measures and Regulatory Context – .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CONFERENCE ON NANO-SAFETY 22 – 24 April 2009, Ljubljana Dr. Hans-Jürgen Klockner VCI (German Chemical Industry Assoc' - poppy


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
CONFERENCE ON NANO-SAFETY

22 – 24 April 2009, Ljubljana

Dr. Hans-Jürgen Klockner

VCI (German Chemical Industry Association)

Responsible Production and Utilization of Nanomaterials in the Chemical Industry– Applications, Voluntary Measures and Regulatory Context –

slide3

The value chain starts with the chemical industry

Materials

Components

Products

  • Anti-reflectingtreatment of glass

Improvement of

fuel cells

(ceramic membranes)

Surface treatments

Paint applications

OLED Techniques

slide4

Further nanotechnology/nanomaterial applications

Surface enhancement / Coatings

Environmental Technology

  • Solar cells
  • Thermal insulation of houses
  • Fuel cells
  • Hydrogen storage
  • LEDs, i.e. “cold light”
  • Flexible und low energy displays
  • Lower weight cars
  • Wind mill rotors…(polymer-NM-composites)
  • Self cleaning surfaces
  • Scratch resistant surfaces
  • Technical textiles
  • Water purification
slide5

What are nanomaterials chemically?

  • Oxides
    • of silicon, titanium, aluminum, zinc, iron, cerium…
  • Elements
    • carbon allotropes (carbon black, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes), silver, iron…
  • Organic compounds
    • vitamines…
  • Polymer-nanomaterial composites
  • These are all chemical substances: Just as fine powders or dispersions.
implementing responsible care on nanomaterials
Implementing Responsible Care®on Nanomaterials

Responsible Care ® is the chemical industry’s Code of Conduct

  • Responsible Care® applies to all products of the chemical industry
    • i.e. also to nanomaterials
  • The GlobalResponsible Care® Principles require to:
    • continuously improve HSE-knowledge and performanceof technologies, processes and products over their life cycles
    • report openly on performance, achievements and shortcomings
    • listen, engage and work with people to understand and address their concerns and expectations
    • cooperate with governments and organisations for effective regulations and standards, and meet or go beyond them
    • provide help and advice to foster the responsible management of chemicals along product chain
general statements in laws vs codes of conduct
General statements in laws vs. Codes of Conduct
  • REACH: “Manufacturers, importers, downstream users must ensure that substances do not adversely affect human health or the environment.”
  • [German] Dangerous Substances Ordinance: “Manufacturers / importers must classify substances / preparations according to their dangerous properties (with obligation to take efforts to gather information).”
  • [German] Worker Protection Law: “Employer must take the necessary measures for occupational health and safety (with obligation to verify the efficiency of the measures and, if needed, to adapt the measures).”
  • [German] Product Safety Law: “No marketing of products if there are risks for users at typical uses. Users must be provided with the necessary HSE information.”

Language of laws is similar to that in Codes of Conduct.Industry associations often write guidelines how to implement laws.

8 vci documents for a comprehensive but modular approach
8 VCI documents for a comprehensive but modular approach
  • Principles document
    • Implementing Responsible Care® on Nanomaterials
  • Regulatory documents
    • Nanomaterials and REACH
    • Data Gathering for Risk Assessment
    • Occupational Safety and Health
    • Communication in the Supply Chain
    • Standardization
  • Documents on Safety Research
    • Human Health
    • Environment
  • This approach for responsible nanotech use isreflecting the European legal environment and REACH

www.vci.de

voluntary measures in the vci guidance documents
Voluntary measures in the VCI guidance documents

above legal requirements

  • For Risk Assessment quite a number of additional physicochemical information on top of REACH requirements
  • In special cases (specific toxicity and/or widespread use and repeated exposure) gathering of HSE information beyond REACH Annex VII (i.e. from Annex VIII, IX und X)
  • Minimise exposure at the workplace, until specific limit values are laid down for nanoparticles or certain nanomaterials
  • Safety Data Sheets for all substances/preparations (i.a. also for those not classified as dangerous)
  • Intensifying safety research with specific projects
  • Stakeholder dialogues
slide11

VCI Stakeholder activities

  • The German chemical industry strives for an open dialogue with society to address societal expectations and concerns
  • VCI Stakeholder Workshops on nanomaterials(moderated by the Stiftung Risiko-Dialog, St. Gallen)
      • occupational safety aspects (2005 – 2007)
      • information flow in the supply chain (2008)
      • environmental aspects of nanomaterials (end of 2009)
  • Public Fora on nanomaterials in major cities
  • VCI is an active partner in the “Nano-Dialog” of the German Environment Ministry
occupational safety and health
Occupational Safety and Health

a Nanospecific VCI / BAuA [German CA] guidance for the workplace

  • Especially targeted to SMEs
  • Explanation of legal requirements for workplace safety
  • Checklist and recommendations:
    • Information of workers, technical safety measures, personal safety equipment, substitution
    • Overview on exposure measurement techniques
    • Recommendation to minimise exposure at the workplace, until specific limit values are laid down for nanoparticles or certain nanomaterials
  • And: The German chemical industry is very active in SG 8 of the OECD WPMN (exposure measurement / mitigation)
slide14

CASG Nano to implement REACH on Nanomaterials(DG ENT, DG ENV, CAs, ECHA, Industry, NGOs, Akademia…)

nanomaterials and reach 1
Nanomaterials and REACH (1)

REACH

  • regulates chemical substances, in whatever size, shape and form,
  • therefore also regulates nanomaterials,
  • and provides the necessary legal instruments for their regulation.
  • REACH is underpinned by the Precautionary Principle (Art. 1)

a This is meanwhile common understanding

nanomaterials and reach 2
Nanomaterials and REACH (2)
  • REACH Registration:
    • Mandatory for all substances >1 t/a per registrant
    • “Substances”, not uses or forms, must be registered
    • All uses / forms of the substance must be identified in the registration dossier
      • also uses / forms of the substance at nanoscale
      • even if they are < 1 t/a!
    • Obligation for update, if a registered non-nanoscale substance is to be manufactured also at nanoscale

a VCI guidance on the requirements of REACH for nanomaterials

nanomaterials and reach 3
Nanomaterials and REACH (3)
  • Legal requirements within REACH without volume thresholdsand independent of registration timelines:
    • Classification and labelling
      • Different products with the same chemical identity can havedifferent classification / labelling
    • Information in the supply chain according to Title IV of REACH

aNanospecific VCI guidance for the Safety Data Sheet

data gathering for risk assessment
Data Gathering for Risk Assessment

aNanospecific VCI guidance for gathering of hazard information

  • Aligned with OECD programme
  • Tiered gathering of HSE information acc. to REACH Annexes VI – X
  • Recommendation for additional physicochemical information on top of REACH requirements:
    • surface chemistry/coating, morphology, crystalline phase, shape, surface structure, specific surface area, particle size/size distribution, agglomeration/aggregation in native material or in preparation, known catalytic activity
    • in special cases: dustiness, porosity, dispersion stability in water (or in other media), zeta potential (surface charge), photocatalytic activity,radical formation potential
communication in the supply chain
Communication in the Supply Chain
  • Legal requirement to submit information to downstream users

a Nanospecific VCI guidance for the information flow in the supply chain by means of the Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

  • Common practice in the German chemical industry:
    • Safety Data Sheets for all substances/preparations
      • i.e. also for those not classified as dangerous
slide20

Industry contributes to CASG Nano

  • Industry works closely with COM, ECHA and CAs on a sound implementation of REACH on nanomaterials
  • Contents of industry guidance documents – like VCI‘s ones – may find the way into ECHA guidance