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Sustainable social development within the field of urban planning in a Swedish context. A casestudy on the creation of a new neighborhood in a midsized Swedish city By Axel Ågren. A socially sustainable neighborhood comes to life. Axel Ågren

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sustainable social development within the field of urban planning in a swedish context

Sustainable social development within the field of urban planning in a Swedish context

A casestudy on the creation of a new neighborhood in a midsized Swedish city

By Axel Ågren

a socially sustainable neighborhood comes to life
A sociallysustainableneighborhoodcomes to life
  • Axel Ågren
  • Master in social and welfare studies, Linköping University, Sweden
  • Masters thesis on sociallysustainable urban development
research questions
Research questions
  • How is the term sociallysustainable urban development filled with content?
  • How is the relation betweenphysicalplanning and social life viewedupon?
  • What perceptions constitute the basis for urban renewal?
method
Method
  • Litterature, documents and reports
  • 6 interviews, with politicians, social workers, and urban planners
  • Attendedseminars, workshops and conferences with urban planning as the topic
urban planning and swedish welfare
Urban planning and Swedish welfare
  • 1930s, Alva and Gunnar Myrdal ”Folkhemmet”, in English ”The peoples’ home” (1933)
  • Emphasized the importance of improvinghomes in Sweden
  • Betterhomes, shouldresult in betterlifes
  • ”Lort Sverige”, ”Dirt Sweden”, Ludvig Nordstrom(1938)
  • Prevention of overcrowdedhouses
  • Housing and urban planningbecame a welfareissue
million programme
Million programme
  • Late 1960s the housing standard waslow and population wasexpected to increase
  • The idea of building 1 million modern apartments becamereality
  • This politicalprojectwasnamed ”miljonprogrammet”
million programme1
Million programme
  • These apartments and entire areas werebulit in the outskirts of larger and averagesizedcities
  • Spawl is seen as synonymous with million programmewhere the city is growing apart
million programme3
Million programme
  • The apartments werebuiltrapily
  • Little attentionwaspaid to the outsideenvironment and toomany apartments werebuilt
  • These areas weredepopulated, and stigmatized by media and politicians.
segregation in sweden
Segregation in Sweden
  • The ”miljonprogram” neighborhoodsbecameassociated with negative attributessuch as criminality, unemployment and poverty
  • Alsoassociated with a passive inhabitants and lack of unity, or community
segregation in sweden1
Segregation in Sweden
  • A longing for the ”old society” with activeinhabitants with strong feeling of unitywithin the community
segregation in sweden today
Segregation in Sweden today
  • Researchers, politicians and media all agree that segregation is increasing and causing an unequal society
  • How to prevent this through urban planning?
socially sustainable urban development
Sociallysustainable urban development
  • Sociallysustainable urban development is nowpromoted by goverments, politicians, reseachers and localauthorities
  • Promoting a mix in housingopportunities, shops and leisureactivitieswithin the neighborhood is believed to enablemeetings and encouragediversity
socially sustainable urban development1
Sociallysustainable urban development
  • Improvedinfrastructurebetweenneighborhoods and increaseddiversity are believed to prevent segregation and decreasingenvironmental harm
socially sustainable urban development2
Sociallysustainable urban development
  • Spawl is seen as very import to prevent and understood as unsustainable
  • A sustainableneighborhood is everything that the million programme not is
  • A greaterunitywithin the city and urban life is seen as the solution
socially sustainable urban development3
Sociallysustainable urban development
  • Mixed, diverse and wellconnected city is considered to be the solution for problems with democracy, segregation and social exclusion
underlying ideals
Underlying ideals
  • Ideals of meetings, diversitythrough urban planning are similar to ideals from the New urbanisticmovement and the work of Richard Florida: ”Creativeclass”
  • These urban areas are thought as attractive and promotinggrowth
underlying ideals1
Underlying ideals
  • The ”creativeclass”, lives in the city centre, has unregular and highlyskilledjobs, and indulge in cultural life
  • Some positive aspects, howeverit´s an exclusiveperspective with focus on growthratherthanequity
underlying ideals2
Underlying ideals
  • Ideal that urban life as the motor of growth and futuredevelopment
  • Urban life is the norm for social life
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Focus on what is happening evenoutside of the central parts of cities.
  • Questions of democracy in urban development of great importance
conclusions1
Conclusions
  • Importantissue is to continueraising the question; ”for who we are planning the city?”
  • Important to understand social life in different parts of the city, not solelydividingcitiesinto ”good” or ”bad” areas
conclusions2
Conclusions
  • Social dimensions important to consider, ratherthanfinished ”solutions” for how urban life should be
  • Is planning for growth in the mixed and wellconnected city the solution for a moreequal society?
thank you for your time
Thank you for your time!
  • Contact: axel.agren@gmail.com
  • Telephone: +46 735 593 920