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Going Green: Saving Cash and Carbon through Virtualization, Server Consolidation and Centralized Infrastructures. Genii Research, llc 50 Division Avenue Suite 16 Millington , NJ 07946 (866) MYGENII (866) 694-3644 info@mygenii.org. Top Three Takaways.

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Going Green: Saving Cash and Carbon through Virtualization, Server Consolidation and Centralized Infrastructures

Genii Research, llc

50 Division Avenue

Suite 16

Millington, NJ 07946

(866) MYGENII

(866) 694-3644

info@mygenii.org

top three takaways
Top Three Takaways
  • An understanding of the differences between the more common “distributed” network design model (used by most nonprofits) and a centralized one.
  • An understanding of how to save your organization time and money with centralized network infrastructures that make use of modern virtualization technologies.
  • End user tools and knowledge that will help you decide whether this type of design strategy can help your organization stretch IT dollars and, if so, by how much.
introductions
Introductions

Paul D. Kerness, MSW, LSW, MCP

Chief Technical Officer

Genii Research, LLC

Microsoft Small Business Specialist

50 Division Avenue

Suite 16

Millington, NJ 07946

(866) MYGENII

(866) 694-3644

overview
Overview
  • Centralized Infrastructure Design Concepts
    • History of Centralized Design Models – back to the future
    • Distributed vs. Centralized Network Architectures
the infrastructure challenge
The Infrastructure Challenge

Collaboration

Communication

Mobile

Workers

email is becoming more important than the phone

Staff increasingly want, need and expect the ability to work from home or on the road

Units need to work together and share information more quickly than ever

Escalating

End User

Needs

+

+

Spam and virus infected email account for over 70% of all email sent today

User tolerance for email downtime is less than 30 minutes

Increasing complexity, security and regulatory concerns

Increasing

IT Burden

+

+

Security

Management

and Costs

Service

Levels

Sources: Meta Group, Pew Research Center, Gartner,Computer Security Institute/FBI, Dynamic Markets LTD. , Accenture

network design goals
Network Design Goals
  • Efficient Use of Resources
  • Economy of Scale
  • Provide a Secure Infrastructure
  • Reduce Organizational Risk
  • Provide Remote Access to Entire Network
  • Provide Collaboration Tools
  • Provide Document Management
  • Reduce Paper Forms
  • Increase Access to Real Time Organizational Information
centralized network design
Centralized Network Design
  • Server-Based Computing
    • Nothing New – Mature Technology
    • Sometimes referred to as:
      • server-centric
      • application-server
      • Terminal server
      • Access Infrastructure
      • Software as a Service (SaaS)
distributed network design
Distributed Network Design
  • Resources are Distributed
    • Applications are deployed, supported, and executed on geographically distributed PC’s and servers
    • Data is stored on hard disks of many geographically distributed PC’s and Servers
    • Limited Access from Remote Locations
centralized network design12
Centralized Network Design
  • Resources are Centralized
    • all applications are deployed, supported, and executed at the server, not at the user desktop/PC.
    • All data is stored in the datacenter/server.
    • A single “locked down” desktop is shared by everyone
    • A single application installation is shared by everyone
centralized network design13
Centralized Network Design
  • Resources are Centralized
    • Only keystrokes, mouse clicks, and the screen images travel across the network (or the Internet).
    • All applications are displayed on the desktop device. This desktop device can be a text terminal, a Mac, a PC, a PDA/Mobile device, and/or a thin client.
distributed vs centralized network
Distributed vs. Centralized Network

T1-VPN

Cable/DSL

Cable/DSL

T1-VPN

Cable/DSL

virtualization
Virtualization
  • What is “Virtualization” and how does it work?
  • What can be virtualized?
    • Hardware Layer
    • Disk Virtualization
    • Operating System Layer
    • Presentation Layer
    • Application Layer
common virtualization tools
Common Virtualization Tools
  • Common Virtualization Tools
    • Softgrid
    • VMWare
    • Windows 2008 and Virtualization
    • Thin Clients
server hardware virtualization
Server (Hardware) Virtualization
  • Server virtualization is a hot topic in the IT world because of the potential for serious economic benefits.
  • Server virtualization enables multiple operating systems to run on a single physical machine as virtual machines (VMs).
  • You can consolidate workloads of underutilized server machines onto a smaller number of fully utilized machines.
  • Fewer physical machines can lead to reduced costs through lower hardware, energy, and management overhead, plus the creation of a more dynamic IT infrastructure.
application virtualization
Application Virtualization
  • Benefits:
    • Data can be centralized in one location to improve security and availability.
    • Management costs can be reduced by only having to manage a single copy of the application on the server.
    • More basic terminal hardware and thin clients can be used in placed of complete desktop systems, helping lower costs.
    • Bandwidth can be used more effectively, leading to potential performance improvements.
    • Deploy applications that integrate seamlessly with the user’s local desktop.
    • Provide access to centrally managed Windows desktops.
    • Enable remote access for existing “WAN-unfriendly” applications.
    • Highly secure applications and data within the data center—no need to worry about lost laptops.
accessing a remote application
Accessing a Remote Application
  • Users can access TS RemoteApp in a number of ways:
    • Double-clicking a program icon on their desktop or Start menu that has been created and distributed by their administrator
    • Double-clicking a file which has an extension associated with a TS RemoteApp
    • Accessing a link to the TS RemoteApp on a Web site by using TS Web Access
typical remote session

Keyboard Strokes & Mouse Movements

Screen Updates & Print Jobs

Data Center

Typical Remote Session

Internet

Any Internet Connected PC

ts session directory with load balancing

Session Directory

TS-1

1. User connects to Load Balancer

LB-1

TS-3SamanthaSmith

***********

Load-Balancer (LB-1)

TS-2

TS-3

TS Session Directory with Load-Balancing

Session Directory

6. SD informs TS that user has a session on TS –3

TS-3

8. Session broken down on TS-2. Client reconnects to load-balancer with token and credentials

1. User connects to Load Balancer

TS-1

4. User enterscredentials

9. Load-balancer examines token and directs connection to TS3, passing through credentials

7. TS returns user credentials with token and tells client to reconnect

2. Load Balancer routes user to “least-busy” server

3. Server responds

SamanthaSmith

***********

SamanthaSmith

Load-Balancer (LB-1)

TS-2

5. Server authenticates “SamanthaSmith” and checks Session Directory for existing session

User Session on TS-3

10. Original session from TS3 presented to user

TS-3

putting it together
Putting It Together
  • Terminal Services and Centralization
  • Server Consolidation
server consolidation
Server Consolidation

Windows 2008 Host Server

thin computing benefits
Thin Computing Benefits
  • Less Environmental Impact
    • Production
    • Less to Transport
    • Use Less Energy
    • Endurance
    • Disposal
  • Infrastructure Benefits
    • Security
    • Manageability
    • Availability
    • Reliability
    • Total Cost of Ownership
    • Scalability
thin computing benefits32
Thin Computing Benefits
  • Security
    • No local storage
    • not vulnerable to viruses and other malware
    • no way to store and remove proprietary information
    • nothing is stored on the desktop,
    • Security software is also easier to maintain, update, and upgrade on a few servers instead of many desktop systems.
thin computing benefits33
Thin Computing Benefits
  • Manageability
    • Thin clients are much easier to deploy and configure
    • Backing up data is also easy, since all the data resides on the server.
    • updates are performed at the server level, eliminating the need for manual updates of individual systems.
thin computing benefits34
Thin Computing Benefits
  • Availability
    • solid-state technology,
    • no moving parts to fail. And with no local storage, there is
    • data is always instantly available from another system.
thin client benefits
Thin Client Benefits
  • Reliability
    • Thin clients are many times more reliable than PCs
    • MTBF (Mean Time Between Failures) of 150,000 hours
    • By avoiding the introduction of downloaded software while pushing storage and computing power to more reliable servers, thin computing dramatically increases the reliability of the entire infrastructure.
thin computing benefits36
Thin Computing Benefits
  • Total Cost of Ownership
    • The average annual maintenance costs for a PC are four to seven times the acquisition costs.
    • This is not true for thin clients. On average, thin clients can save you more than $1000 per seat per year in maintenance costs.
    • This can be as much as a 40-percent savings for most IT departments
thin computing benefits37
Thin Computing Benefits
  • Scalability
    • With thin computing, the only set up required for a new user or in a remote office is plugging in three or four cables.
    • The rest of the set up can take place in the data center.
    • A well-designed thin-computing solution can support up to 40,000 thin clients.
slide41
Q & A

Genii Research, LLC

(866) MYGENII