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John F. Kennedy. John F. Kennedy. John F. Kennedy. The New Frontier- improve overall quality of American life and reenergize American foreign policy. Fills cabinet with fresh Harvard grad – Rusk, Galbraith, Schlesinger, McNamara, etc Space program develops ( NASA )

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    1. John F. Kennedy

    2. John F. Kennedy

    3. John F. Kennedy The New Frontier- improve overall quality of American life and reenergize American foreign policy. • Fills cabinet with fresh Harvard grad – Rusk, Galbraith, Schlesinger, McNamara, etc • Space program develops (NASA) • Increase minimum wage, social security payments and defense spending - Up 20%

    4. Civil Rights Issues • Sit in(s) in Greensboro, Montgomery bus boycott, Freedom Riders in Birmingham, Alabama • JFK puts civil rights on back burner due to increasing international problems.

    5. Cold War – Kennedy & Flexible Response Flexible Response compared to Brinkmanship? Bay of Pigs Invasion • Pro-Soviet Cuban leader Fidel Castro takes over in 1959 • CIA trained anti-Castro exiles prepare for invasion of Cuba • April 1961 – 1, 500 invaders are crushed by Castro forces, complete disaster.

    6. Berlin Wall Crisis Khrushchevgives deadline of Dec. 1961 to Withdraw from Berlin • JFK refuses and Khrushchev builds wall so Eastern Berliners cannot get to West Berlin in 1961

    7. Cuban Missile Crisis – October 1962 • U-2 spy planes reveal photos of Soviet missiles in Cuba • JFK decides to set up a naval quarantine(blockade)of Cuba to stop the flow of missile parts • Soviets ships turn around at the last minute to avoid confrontation • Soviets agree to remove missiles if U.S. pledges not to invade Cuba.

    8. Limited Test Ban Treaty • No above ground or underwater testing, 100 countries sign it; China and France do not sign it • Hotline– Direct phone line between Kremlin and White House ***Arms Race Continues to Grow***

    9. Video: • The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC) in Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was fatally shot while riding with his wife Jacqueline in a Presidential motorcade.

    10. Lyndon B. Johnson & the Great Society • Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in after Kennedy assassinated. • 1964 – Johnson is reelected, beats conservative Barry “Trigger happy” Goldwater. • He pushes through Congress many of Kennedy’s domestic plans • Extension of the New Deal

    11. War on Discrimination Civil Rights Act 1964 • Ended Segregation in public facilities and service industries(gas stations, restaurants, etc) Voting Rights Act 1965 • Eliminates discrimination in voter registration • Bans literacy tests( at federal level)

    12. Fair Housing Act 1968 Fair Housing Act 1968 • Eliminates discrimination in all aspects of housing from obtaining loans to renting. • 24th Amendment • Abolishes the poll tax

    13. War on Poverty • Medicare (1964) • Medical care for elderly aged 65 and older, paid for by federal government to eliminate poverty and disease • Medicaid (1965) • Medical care for low income families  • Food stamps – helped low income families buy food with government subsidies

    14. VISTA- domestic Peace Corps Program(voluteers teaching in Urban schools around the country) Immigration Act of 1965 • Ends quotas placed on immigrants from other countries to eliminate discrimination

    15. Elementary & Secondary Education Act 1965 • Federal money for schools ( 1 billion ) • Head Start program Department of Housing and Urban Development • Created to administer federal housing programs to build low-rent public housing, headed by Robert Weaver---the first African American cabinet member. Higher Education Act • Loans for college students

    16. Kennedy and Cold War worksheet • On back of worksheet Directions: List at least 5 acts, issues or etc. that LBJ addressed during his presidential term. Include dates and significance/importance.