John F. Kennedy The New Frontier- improve overall quality of American life and reenergize American foreign policy. • Fills cabinet with fresh Harvard grad – Rusk, Galbraith, Schlesinger, McNamara, etc • Space program develops (NASA) • Increase minimum wage, social security payments and defense spending - Up 20%
Civil Rights Issues • Sit in(s) in Greensboro, Montgomery bus boycott, Freedom Riders in Birmingham, Alabama • JFK puts civil rights on back burner due to increasing international problems.
Cold War – Kennedy & Flexible Response Flexible Response compared to Brinkmanship? Bay of Pigs Invasion • Pro-Soviet Cuban leader Fidel Castro takes over in 1959 • CIA trained anti-Castro exiles prepare for invasion of Cuba • April 1961 – 1, 500 invaders are crushed by Castro forces, complete disaster.
Berlin Wall Crisis Khrushchevgives deadline of Dec. 1961 to Withdraw from Berlin • JFK refuses and Khrushchev builds wall so Eastern Berliners cannot get to West Berlin in 1961
Cuban Missile Crisis – October 1962 • U-2 spy planes reveal photos of Soviet missiles in Cuba • JFK decides to set up a naval quarantine(blockade)of Cuba to stop the flow of missile parts • Soviets ships turn around at the last minute to avoid confrontation • Soviets agree to remove missiles if U.S. pledges not to invade Cuba.
Limited Test Ban Treaty • No above ground or underwater testing, 100 countries sign it; China and France do not sign it • Hotline– Direct phone line between Kremlin and White House ***Arms Race Continues to Grow***
Video:http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7184933155238761777#Video:http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7184933155238761777# • The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC) in Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was fatally shot while riding with his wife Jacqueline in a Presidential motorcade.
Lyndon B. Johnson & the Great Society • Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in after Kennedy assassinated. • 1964 – Johnson is reelected, beats conservative Barry “Trigger happy” Goldwater. • He pushes through Congress many of Kennedy’s domestic plans • Extension of the New Deal
War on Discrimination Civil Rights Act 1964 • Ended Segregation in public facilities and service industries(gas stations, restaurants, etc) Voting Rights Act 1965 • Eliminates discrimination in voter registration • Bans literacy tests( at federal level)
Fair Housing Act 1968 Fair Housing Act 1968 • Eliminates discrimination in all aspects of housing from obtaining loans to renting. • 24th Amendment • Abolishes the poll tax
War on Poverty • Medicare (1964) • Medical care for elderly aged 65 and older, paid for by federal government to eliminate poverty and disease • Medicaid (1965) • Medical care for low income families • Food stamps – helped low income families buy food with government subsidies
VISTA- domestic Peace Corps Program(voluteers teaching in Urban schools around the country) Immigration Act of 1965 • Ends quotas placed on immigrants from other countries to eliminate discrimination
Elementary & Secondary Education Act 1965 • Federal money for schools ( 1 billion ) • Head Start program Department of Housing and Urban Development • Created to administer federal housing programs to build low-rent public housing, headed by Robert Weaver---the first African American cabinet member. Higher Education Act • Loans for college students
Kennedy and Cold War worksheet • On back of worksheet Directions: List at least 5 acts, issues or etc. that LBJ addressed during his presidential term. Include dates and significance/importance.