John F. Kennedy By Jason Warnick
John F. Kennedy • Commander of the USS PT-109 during World War II in the South Pacific serving in the Navy. • Early Political life after the war included stints in the House of Representatives from 1947-1953 and the US Senate from 1953-1961 both for the state of Massachusetts. • Elected as the 35th President of the United States
Richard Nixon VS John F. Kennedy The first election debate ever televised. Previous debates before this election were broadcasted over the radio. The Great Debate Funny Those who heard the debate over the radio believed that Richard Nixon won . Those who watched the debate believed that Kennedy won. John F. Kennedy Richard Nixon Kennedy won the election with a 49.7% majority vote. Nixon was 49.5%. The Election of 1960
PRESIDENCY • Peace Corps (March 1, 1961) • President Kennedy signs an executive order establishing the Peace Corps. Three days later, Kennedy appoints its first Director Sergeant Shriver. • Cuban Missile Crisis (Oct 14,1962) • On Oct 14, 1962 U-2 spy planes had taken overhead photography of nuclear missile launching cites in Cuba that were believed to be put there by the Russians. President Kennedy’s reaction was to blockade all ships coming in and out of Cuba and within a week, President Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev reached an agreement that would end the crises • Cuba and the Bay of Pigs Invasion (April 17,1961) • In what is known as the Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1,500 U.S.-trained Cuban exiles, called "Brigade 2506," took to the island in the hope of deposing Castro. It was a major disaster on the behalf of the Kennedy administration.
PRESIDENCY CONTINUED • Pre Space Race (Sputnik 1 October 4,1957) • Russians launched the first man made object to orbit the earth. • Space Race Begins (May 25, 1961) • While speaking to a joint session in Congress, Kennedy states, “First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him back safely to the earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish.” Almost 6 years after his death on July 20, 1969 Apollo landed on the moon. • Civil Rights Act of 1964 • Passed by LBJ but conceived by JFK, outlawed segregation in schools altogether and also started the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. • Vietnam War • Under the Kennedy administration, Vietnam would see an increase in “advisors” that would reach a height of 16,000.
ASSASINATION • November 22, 1963 President Kennedy was shot while riding in a motorcade in downtown Dallas, TX. Kennedy was on a political trip in Texas stopping in Houston first then proceeding on to Dallas. • Walter Cronkite's Coverage
Warren Commission • November 29, 1963, President Johnson created the Warren Commission-chaired by Chief Justice Earl Warren to investigate into the death of John F. Kennedy. The findings and official ruling was that there was one shooter acting alone by the name of Lee Harvey Oswald. • Just two days after the arrest, Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald while being transported to another holding facility. Thus leaving the America public to wonder weather or not he was guilty or innocent.
Magic Bullet Theory • This was the official theory of how the bullet traveled through both Kennedy and Governor Connally.
Famous Video • The Zapruder Film given by Abraham Zapruder, a witness that was filming the motorcade at the time of JFK’s assignation.