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  1. Fur Traders and Trappers By Alli and Emma

  2. Who were they? Etienne Brule, Louis Joliet, Medard des Groseilliers, Pierre Esprit Radisson, Jean Nicolet, Guillaume Couture, Jean Baptiste Chalifoux, and Jacques de Noyon

  3. Where did they trade? North-West Company Also called NWC Hudson’s Bay Company Also called HBC

  4. Why were the French fur traders there? To get rich and to trade furs. Back then furs were very valuable.

  5. What were French fur traders doing in America? They were trading fur to the Indians and selling them back in England. Once in a while they would compete by seeing who can get the most furs.

  6. When it started The earliest European exploration of an area is believed to have occurred about 1688 when French explorer Jacques de Noyon wintered along the Rainy River.

  7. What are Voyageurs? Because of the effectiveness of voyageurs, the NWC was able to challenge the HBC. The HBC started hiring their own voyageurs in 1815 to help them compete with the NWC. Voyageurs: A woodsman, boatman, or guide employed by a fur company to transport goods and supplies between remote stations in Canada or the U.S. Northwest.

  8. Why was alcohol a bad part of the trade for the Indians? In a lot of Indian tribes alcohol was an devastating and bad part of the trade. The Indians got violent and drunk. For other people it was an important part of the trade.

  9. What did they offer to the Iroquois? Fur traders offered the Iroquois trade goods which included iron tomahawks, knives, axes, awls, fish hooks, cloth of various colors, woolen blankets, linen shirts, brass kettles, silver jewelry, assorted glass beads, guns and powder.

  10. Honest traders or not? While there were honest traders who dealt fairly with the Iroquois, too many greedy, bad men in the trade cheated and exploited them.

  11. Here are some beaver, bear, and wolf traps that they would use.

  12. Fur Loft at Hudson Bay Company

  13. Fur traders would take some of these routes.