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Russian revolution And nationalism
hemophilia • What Is Hemophilia? • Hemophilia (heem-o-FILL-ee-ah) is a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot normally. • If you have hemophilia, you may bleed for a longer time than others after an injury. You also may bleed inside your body (internally), especially in your knees, ankles, and elbows. This bleeding can damage your organs and tissues and may be life threatening.
Recap from the reading • Write a question here!!!! • Civil War-A group of those who opposed Lenin became the White Army. The red army represented the communists. The leader of the RED Army was Leon Trotsky. • In the end the RED ARMY was successful at defeating the White Army.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).The Republic would be controlled by the capital of Moscow. • The Bolsheviks called themselves Communist after Karl Marx. • Lenin created a gov’t based on socialist and democratic principles—in reality the communist controlled the government. • Lenin dies of various strokes in 1924 ( don’t copy down this part)
Totalitarianism • Joseph Stalin “man of steel” was the Secretary of the Communist Party. • By 1928, he got complete control of the Communist Party.
Stalin wanted to create a totalitarian state in Russia with him as the leader. • Totalitarianism describes a gov’t that takes total centralized state control over every aspect of public and private lives.
Building a totalitarian state • Police Terror-Stalin used the police to destroy his enemies. In 1934 Stalin had the Great Purge- itkilled anyone who went against Stalin’s power. Thousands of Bolsheviks were helped in the Revolution were killed for crimes against the USSR. • Propaganda—Indoctrination is when the people are instructed in the beliefs of the gov’t. • Religious Persecution
Stalin creates a command economy-( look it up in your book and write in the definition) • Stalin creates a 5 Year Plan--- • To reach its outrageous goals—it limited production of consumer goods. The people were left with food, housing, and clothing shortages. • The gov’t controlled all aspects of life: it assigned jobs for people, told them when/if they could move, people would arrest those who didn’t contribute to society
Life under stalin • Women gained equal rights. • By 1950, 75 % of the women were doctors. Women were still responsible for housework and childcare. • Education-The government controlled all education and created schools that taught the benefits of the communist way of life.
China and Sun Yatsen • Imperial China collapses by nationalist groups. Sun Yat-senwas a nationalist who led the new Republic of China. He wanted to build a modern government using these 3 principles: Nationalism, democracy, and economic security. • When Yat-sen turned over his presidency to one of his generals, the country quickly went under the control of a dictator and the country became perfect for a revolution.
Chiang Kai-shek • China underwent a period of revolutions and when WWI occurred the people of China were angry about the Treaty of Versailles—Japan got all of Germanys territory in Asia. • When the leader Sun Yat-sen dies he leaves Chiang Kai-Shek to take over the govt. • Kai-Shek (Jiang) believes in more democratic ideas and he gets support from the allies. • Ends up being another dictator
The Chinese people were angry and revolutionaries began to protest imperialist/Europeans—this is when Mao Zedong emerges as a leader of the revolutionaries. • Mao seeks out help in repairing the Chinese government from the West, but when the U.S. and its allies refuse to help the struggling country Mao looks to Russia for help. • A civil war develops between those who support Mao (mostly peasants) and those who support Kai-Sek (Jiang).
india • What do we remember about india??????
Communism in china • As the civil war occurs, the Communist pushed further and further out of China during a period called the LONG MARCH. • Just as the nationalist are able to push the communist out to the outskirts of China, China is invaded by the Japanese. • “Little Red Book”—1949 A list of Mao’s speeches that the people of China were required to have after Mao and the Communist were able to take over China.
Ghandi • Mahatma Gandhi led the protest against the British control of India. • Mahatma means “GREAT SOUL” in Indian. He encouraged a policy of non-cooperation . He encouraged civil disobedience— deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law. • He called on Indians to refuse to do the following: buy British goods, attend government schools, pay British taxes, and vote in elections. • In 1935, British allowed for self rule in and limited democratic elections. The RAJ had ended.
Turkey and the middle east • Under Mustafa Kemal Turkish nationalist were able to overthrow the last Ottoman Emperor. • Kemel separated Islamic law from the laws of Turkey modernized Turkey. • Iran-Before WWI both Russia and Britain had interest in Persia. When Britain tried to take Persia the people protested and a revolution occurred. Reza Shah Pahlavi took over and renamed it Iran. • In Arabia, several countries united to form Saudi Arabia. • In the 1920s this area developed because of the discovery of oil reserves in the area.
Remembering world war I • Answer one of these prompts. One paragraph • Pretend you were a soldier during world war i. you were in the trenches and saw death and horrors. What would be your perception of the future. Good or bad? Would you see the world the same as before? • You did not fight in the war, but you lost many friends during the war and close relatives. You also the images on the news of the horrors of the war and reports on the news on how bad the war was. You also hear the stories of friends and relatives who fought the war. What is your perception of the future. Good or bad?
Age of uncertainty • Einstein created his theory of relativity—as moving objects get near the speed of light, space, and time become relative. • Freud changed the way people thought about the human mind. He said human behavior was irrational-due to urges and desires buried in the unconscious mind of each person.
Literature • Existentialism-there is no universal meaning to the world. Each person much give meaning to their life through his or her own actions. • The great Gatsby
art • Artist began to rebel against traditional painting. They didn’t recreate realistic art—they created a new style of art called Surrealism-this showed art in a dreamlike existence outside of reality. • Pablo Picasso came out of this time period using a style called Cubism-this broke objects down into geometric shapes.
The jazz age • Jazz developed by African Americans in the US. This was a form of lively, loose music • People began to express themselves in a new way. Women began to dress in a new risky style and they became known as Flappers. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4jU8IQK5b0 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uvoFyM9Ojl4 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8IJzYAda1wA
Changing ways of life • Women during the time period began to smoke and drink with men in public at places called speakeasies. • Speakeasies were illegally run • Nightclubs during the 1920s. • Alcohol was outlawed by the 18th • Amendment and these illegal • Nightclubs allowed people to enjoy.
Gangsters • Al Capone, one of the most famous mafia leaders ever, made his $$ through illegally selling alcohol in places like speakeasies.
Heroes and technology • Charles Lindberg was the 1st pilot to fly alone across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. Later in 1932, Amelia Earhart became the 1st woman to fly solo. • KDKA was the 1stCommercial radio station
What do we remember about how Germany was treated when they lost the war???
depression • The government in Germany, known as the WEIMER REPUBLIC, was very weak. They had high inflation and money was losing its value. U.S. banks tried to help German economy to recover. • Charles Dawes, an American banker, loaned Germany the $$ to survive. The Dawes Plan gave $200 million to Germany in order for it to improve its economy (money situation).
Stock market • The U.S. stock market was the financial capital of the world. People were buying stocks on a margin meaning they would pay a stockbroker for a part of the stock and the broker would cover the rest of the cost of the stock. • People began to question the high value of some stocks and they began selling stocks. Other people got nervous because of the selling of the stocks and no one was buying stocks. The market crashed
Great depression • This period of financial despair was known as the Great Depression. • People, unable to afford homes, began to live in makeshift homes called shantytowns. • In the U.S. Franklin Roosevelt began a program called The New Deal—it was a large public works program designed to make jobs for the unemployed. Regulations were imposed to reform the stock market and the banking system.
fascism • Since the economy was so poor, people in countries wanted a strong leader to solve their problems. • Fascist were a group that appealed to people –they were very nationalistic, they believed in authority and strong militaries. Within a fascist government, the party was ruled by one person called a dictator. They didn’t allow individual rights.
Mussolini • The economy in Italy is poor and Mussolini appeals to the people that he can Improve the economy and increase the power of Italy by having a strong, large military. • Mussolini gained power by using “thugs” to intimidate his political opponents • The King of Italy decided Mussolini was the answer to his problems and he allowed him to rule Italy. • As the leader of Italy, Mussolini abolished democracy, outlawed all political parties and controlled the economy
Hitler • The Fascist party was gaining political popularity in other countries—especially in Germany. Adolf Hitler emerged as the leader of the Nazis. He tried to take over the government using a revolution, so the government sent him to prison. In prison he wrote, Mein Kampf—My Struggle. The book was extremely popular and Hitler ran for president. He lost to Hindenburg, but was given a position in the govt—chancellor.
hitler • Hitler became the fuehrer or leader. Anyone who opposed him would be immediately arrested. He took away all the rights of the German people—he burned books that were against his beliefs or his policies. He attacked anyone who was different from the ideal German that he imagined in his head—Jews, physically and handicapped people, Gypsies, and anyone else who was believed to be against Germany.
Hitler • The economy in Germany was horrible and with the depression the people of Germany were looking for a solution to their problems. The people were getting more and more angry with the effects of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler promised to return Germany to the power it had prior to WWI. When the depression hit, Germany Hitler became the leader of the country.
japan • During the 1920’s Japan’s economy was good and a civilian government controlled the country. When the economy went bad, the military took over the government. This government decided to get more raw materials to help to boost it’s economy. The way to get more raw goods is through conquering other countries. • The Emperor was powerless against the military—if stopped militarism the military would remove him from office.
Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 to get coal and iron. In 1937, Japan invaded China and 200,000 people were killed during the capture of the Chinese capital. By 1939, Japan had used up a lot of China’s resources and it was looking at Southeast Asia to get more resources. • The U.S. stopped sending fuel and metal to Japan and the Japanese attacked Indochina to get more supplies.
In 1940, Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy. It said each country would help the other countries if the U.S. attacked it. • When the U.S. found out about Indochina FDR quickly stops trade with Japan. • Hideki Tojo became a prime minister and he promoted expansionism.