LOGIC MODEL: A Program Performance Framework

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LOGIC MODEL: A Program Performance Framework. New Educator Orientation Sept. 30, 2010 Oklahoma State University Stillwater, OK. New Educator Thought for the Day. “ People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.” Unknown

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### LOGIC MODEL: A Program Performance Framework

New Educator OrientationSept. 30, 2010

Oklahoma State University

Stillwater, OK

New Educator Thought for the Day

“People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.”

• Unknown

This will serve you well as you begin your career in Extension

OCES Program Planning
• OCES works within broad program guidelines.
• Long Range Plan of Work
• Rolling Plan of Work
• Typically 3 years or more, but is flexible
• Short term Planning to Accomplish Longer Term Goals
• Annual Implementation Timeline
Just What Is A LOGIC Model?

The program logic model is defined as:

A picture of how our organization does its work—the theory and assumptions underlying the program. A program logic model links outcomes (both short- & long-term) with program activities/processes and the theoretical assumptions/principles of the program.

What is a Logic Model?
• A simplified picture of a program, initiative or intervention in response to a given situation.
• Shows the logical relationships among the resources that are invested, the activities that take place and the benefits or changes that result.
• Some call this ‘program theory’
• Logic modeling is really a way of thinking!
• A bridge between where you are and

where you want to be with your programs.

LOGIC

If you don’t know where you’re going, how are you gonna’ know when you get there?

Yogi Berra

Brief History
• Logic Models Aren’t New
• Date back to the 1970s
• Suchman (1967), Weiss (1973, Bennett (1976), others
• Used Many Places:
• Private Sector
• TQM
• Public Sector
• Govt. Performance Results Act 1993
• Set Standards for Measuring Performance
• Non-Profit Sector
• United Way
• International Donor Agencies
• Evaluators
Goals for Today

A basic introduction to the logic model as an action-oriented tool for program planning and evaluation

Practical Applications of LOGIC Models in your programs

WHY LOGIC MODELS?

Shows difference between what we do and impact we are having

Provides a common vocabulary

Focus on quality and continuous improvement

What is a Logic Model?

A systematic and visual way (road map) to present and share your understanding of the relationships among:

Resources you have to operate your program

The activities you plan to do

The changes or results you hope to achieve

It’s a map of how you think your

program will work from start to

finish.

Logic Model

Common Vocabulary

S

I

T

U

A

T

I

O

N

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

OUTCOMES

Government reports, OCES reports, Grant applications

Everyday Logic Model

H

E

A

D

A

C

H

E

Getpills

Takepills

Feel better

Logical progression, common sense

Everyday Logic Model

H

U

N

G

E

R

Find Food

Eat Food

Feel better

Logical progression, common sense

Logic Model
• OCES Logic Models will be somewhat more complicated, but remembering the simple examples should keep them from becoming overwhelming or intimidating.

An Extension Example: Healthy Eating for Oklahoma Youth

Extension invests time and resources

A variety of educational activities are provided to youth who participate (outputs)

These owners gain knowledge and change practices resulting in improved nutrition and better long-term health. (outcomes)

Another Example
• Situation: Cattle Stocking Rates are generally considered too great for the carrying capacity of the land, resulting in weed encroachment and poor cattle performance.
• Outputs: A series of educational programs regarding determining and implementing appropriate stocking rates is developed, marketed, promoted, delivered, and evaluated.
• Outcome: Stocking rates are reduced to the carrying capacity of the land, resulting in better cattle performance and increased potential for profit.
LOGIC MODEL: Program Performance

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

OUTCOMES

Activities

Participation

Short

Medium

Long-term

Program investments

What we invest

What we do

Who we reach

What results

IF : THEN

The IF:THEN relationship provides for the development of the LOGIC MODEL.

The Logic MODEL is important to OCES because our current( 07-11) federal Plan of Work is designed around it.

So…Logic tells us the Logic Model is important at the local level.

IF THEN IF THEN IF THEN IF THEN

INPUTS OUTPUT OUTCOMES

Clients

will have

needs met

OCES

invests time

&

money

Resource

inventory

can be

developed

Clients

will know

what is

available

Clients

will access

services

IF : THEN

“IF: the purpose of youth groups is to develop leadership and citizenship skills (Wylie, 1990), and

IF: we know that skills developed in one’s youth carry into adulthood (Ladewig & Thomas, 1987),

THEN: youth leadership organizations should be able to document how their alumni are impacting the communities in which they reside…” (Pennington & Edwards, 2004)

OUTCOMES-IMPACT

OUTPUTS

INPUTS

Short Medium Long-term

Activities Participation

S

What the medium term results are

What the short term results are

I

What the ultimate impact(s) is

What we invest

What we do

Who we reach

T

U

Staff

Workshops

Participants

Learning

Action

Conditions

Volunteers

Meetings

Customers

A

Time

Counseling

Citizens

Awareness

Behavior

T

Money

Facilitation

Knowledge

Practice

Social

Materials

Assessments

Attitudes

Decisions

Economic

I

Equipment

Product dev.

Skills

Policies

Civic

Technology

Media work

Opinions

Social action

O

Environmental

Partners

Recruitment

Aspirations

Training

Reactions

N

Motivations

ENVIRONMENT

Influential factors

LOGIC MODEL: Program Performance Framework

Environment–Influential Factors

Extension program does not exist in a vacuum (other educational sources)

Context of the program(other sources of behavior changes)

politics, family circumstances, cultural milieu, demographics, economics, values, biophysical environment, policies, services

What affects the program over which you have little control?

Do the Outcomes First

I definitely advocate doing the outcomes first! I find that people come up with much more effective activities when they do. Use the motto, “ plan backward, implement forward.”

Beverly Anderson Parsons, WKKF Cluster Evaluator

PLANNING

Implement and Evaluate

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

OUTCOMES

• Programmatic
• investments
• i

Short

Medium

Long

term

Activities

Participation

Outcomes
• Are they Important?
• Are they Reasonable?
• Are they Realistic?
• Are there Negative Consequences?

S.M.A.R.T.

• Specific
• Measurable
• Attainable
• Realistic
• Timed

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

OUTCOMES

Parents increase knowledge of child dev

Develop parent ed curriculum

Staff

Parents use improved parenting skills

Reduced rates of child abuse & neglect

Targeted

parents

attend

Money

Deliver 6 interactivesessions

Parents learn new ways to discipline

Partners

Research

INDICATORS???

Progressive Outcome Relationships

SHORT

MEDIUM

LONG-TERM

Seniors increase

Practice safe cooling of

food; food preparation

guidelines

Lowered incidence of food

borne illness

knowledge of food

contamination risks

Participants increase

Establish financial goals,

Reduced debt and

knowledge and skills in

use spending plan

increased savings

financial management

Community increases

Residents and employers

Child care needs are met

understanding of

discuss options and

childcare needs

implement a plan

Empty inner city parking

Money saved, nutrition

lot converted to

gardening skills, nutrition,

improved, residents enjoy

community garden

greater sense of

food preparation and mgt.

community

Logic model with Indicators for Outputs and Outcomes

Outputs

Outcomes

Farmers practice new techniques

Farm profitability increases

Program implemented

Targeted farmers

Farmers learn

Number and percent of farmers attending

Number and percent who learned content

Number and percent who adopted practices

Number of workshops held

Number and percent show improved farm profits; amount of increase

Where Does Evaluation Fit?

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

OUTCOMES

Parents increase knowledge of child dev

Design parent ed curriculum

Staff

Parents use improved parenting skills

Reduced rates of child abuse & neglect

Targeted

parents

attend

Money

Provide 6 training sessions

Parents learn new ways to discipline

Partners

EVALUATION: What do you want to know? How will you know it?

Quality of curriculum

# of sessions delivered

# parents attending/session

which parents

% of parents

Increase in knowledge/skill- post session survey

Actual use - follow-up phone interview

Decrease in rates

- agency records

Last Slide

View evaluation as learning - integrate into the way we work

Build evaluation in upfront

Make measurement meaningful

Be accountable for highest professional standards

Summary
• Provides a graphic description of a program (process, event, community initiative)
• Shows the relationship of program inputs and outputs to expected results (outcomes)
• Makes explicit the underlying theory of a program
Summary
• Made up of six components:
• Situation
• Inputs
• Outputs
• Outcomes
• Assumptions
• External Factors
Logic Model Websites

http://www.uwex.edu/ces/lmcourse/

http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Tools/Evaluation/Pub3669.pdf

http://www.uidaho.edu/extension/LogicModel.pdf

Or goto google.com, search for “logic model program evaluation”

• Establish needs early on
• Recognize things change
• Extension must be flexible
• Be a risk taker
• Utilize volunteers
New Educator Thought for the Day
• “People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.”
• Unknown
• This will serve you well as you begin your career in Extension
New Educator Thought for the Day
• “People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.”
• Unknown
• This will serve you well as you begin your career in Extension
New Educator Thought for the Day
• “People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.”
• Unknown
• This will serve you well as you begin your career in Extension