Essays. Senior High English. Types of Essays. Narrative – has a purpose for telling; a true event; a single incident Memoir - a person’s story about his or her life Descriptive - writing that creates images of people, places, objects
Senior High English
Expository essays are characterized on the basis of their method of development:
Expository Essay: general to specific
The tone is implied through:
Types of Closings:
Expository essay – single focus
Descriptive essay – dominant impression
Narrative essay – concentration on a single story
1. Transitional Terms
2. Pronoun Reference
3. Repetition of Key Words
4. Use of Synonyms
5. Parallel Structure
Transitions help to achieve unity and coherence.
I can't help thinking ahead to the winter and the ice storms that will surely blow through here. In addition, that will be the season of chapped faces, too many layers of clothes to put on, and days when I'll have to shovel heaps of snow from my car's windshield.
and, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, moreover, in addition, first (second, etc.),
but, yet, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, on the other hand, on the contrary, by comparison, compared to,
balanced, although, conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true
because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, furthermore, moreover, besides, indeed, in fact, in
To Show Time:
immediately, thereafter, soon, after a few hours, finally, then, later, previously, formerly, first (second, etc.), next, and
definitely, obviously, in fact, indeed, in any case, absolutely, positively, naturally, unquestionably, without a doubt,
certainly, undeniably, without reservation
To Show Sequence:
first, second, third, and so forth. following this, at this time, now, at this point, after, afterward, subsequently, finally,
consequently, previously, thus, therefore, hence, next, and then, soon
To Give an Example:
for example, for instance, in this case, take the case of, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, to illustrate
To Summarize or Conclude:
in brief, on the whole, summing up, to conclude, hence, therefore, accordingly, thus, as a result, consequently
This, that, these, those, he, she, it, they, we
are useful pronouns for referring back to something previously mentioned.
When scientific experiments do not work out as expected, they are often considered failures until some other scientist tries them again. Those that work out better the second time around are the ones that promise the most rewards.
helps to focus ideas and to keep the reader on track.
The problem with contemporary art is that it is not easily understood by most people. Contemporary artis deliberately abstract, and that means it leaves the viewer wondering what she is lookingat.
words that have essentially the same meaning, and they provide some variety in word choice, helping the reader to stay focused on the idea being discussed.
Myths narrate sacred histories and explain sacred origins. Thesetraditional narratives are, in short, a set of beliefs that are a very real force in the lives of the people who tell them.
Mary likes to hike, to swim, and to ride a bicycle.
The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and that they should do some warm-up exercises before the game.
7 different types of openings:
Short sentences: (and sentence fragments – incomplete thoughts, phrases)
Diction= author’s word choice
There is no single, correct diction in the English language; instead, you choose different words or phrases for different contexts:
To a friend "a screw-up"
To a child"a mistake"
To the police"an accident"
To an employer"an oversight”