Civil War Test Review
Which event caused the South to secede? Lincoln (a republican) was elected.
What did the seceding states call themselves? Confederate States of America
Who was their president? Jefferson Davis
Where did the Civil War begin? Fort Sumter, SC
The North wanted to preserve the Union. Keep the border states from seceding. What were the goals of the North at the start of the Civil War?
What were the border states? • The states between the North & the South (slavery was legal). Did not secede. • Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri
The South wanted to be independent. What were the goals of the South at the start of the Civil War?
What did the disaster at Bull Run show the Union leaders? Untrained troops could not be depended upon.
What were the major goals of the Anaconda Plan? Blockade Take control of the Mississippi Capture Richmond Divide the eastern part of the Confederacy
The Union forces tried to divide the Confederacy by gaining control of what river? The Mississippi
The fugitive slave law was a disaster for what group of people? Slaves Why? Any slave that escaped to the North was to be returned to their owner.
General McClellan (north) was criticized for what reason? For having the “slows” (overly cautious & non-aggressive)
Who won the battle of Antietam? Neither side. The North claimed it as a victory.
What did Lincoln do right after the battle of Antietam? Emancipation Proclamation
What was the document Lincoln issued declaring freedom for slaves in the Confederacy? Emancipation Proclamation
Who did Lincoln give command of the Union army to in June of 1863? General George G. Meade
Supplies Give the South a rest Good battleground Washington DC and other major Northern cities A victory on Northern soil To force a peace treaty Get help from foreign countries Why did Lee move his troops north in 1863?
Day 1, 2, or 3? Day 3 How do you know this? Pickett’s Charge – fighting in the center of the Union fish hook
Day 1, 2, or 3? Day 1 How do you know this? Fighting is taking place NW of town.
Day 1, 2, or 3? Day 2 How do you know this? Fighting at ends (flanks) of Union fish hook. Sickles brought his men forward.
What was the failed attack on the 3rd day of Gettysburg? Pickett's Charge
Union or Confederate? George B. McClellan Union
Union or Confederate? Abraham Lincoln Union
Union or Confederate? Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Confederate
Union or Confederate? Robert E. Lee Confederate
Union or Confederate? Jefferson Davis Confederate
Union or Confederate? U. S. Grant Union
Union or Confederate? Pickett Confederate
Union or Confederate? General Meade Union
Who were Louisa May Alcott, Dorothea Dix & Clara Barton? Nurses during the Civil War.
What were the Monitor and the Virginia? Ironclads Fought the first battle between the ironclads.
What was the Union army called? Army of the Potomac
What are other names for the Union during the Civil War? North Yankees Army of the Potomac Federals United States of America
What are other names for the Confederates during the Civil War? South Confederate States of America Rebels Army of Northern Virginia
What happened on April 9, 1865 and where? Lee surrendered his army to Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia