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Tajikistan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Tajikistan. CultureKinnect2014. The crown represents the Tajik people ( tajvar means “ crowned“). In traditional Tajik culture, the number "seven" is a symbol of perfection. 1:2 ratio Adopted 1992. Flag. Red - unity of the nation and the symbol of the sun and victory

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The crown represents the Tajik people (tajvar means “crowned“). In traditional Tajik culture, the number "seven" is a symbol of perfection.

1:2 ratio

Adopted 1992


Red - unity of the nation and the symbol of the sun and victory

White - purity, cotton, the snow on the mountains and the unity of the people

Green - the spiritual meaning of Islam and the generosity of nature of the country.

quick facts

Capital: Dushanbe

  • Major religion: Islam
  • Currency: Tajikistani somoni
  • Government: Republic
  • Ethnic Groups: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6%
  • Most of Tajikistan's population belongs to the Persian-speaking Tajik ethnic group, who share language, culture and history with Afghanistan and Iran.
  • Once part of the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR).
  • Mountains cover more than 90% of the republic.
Quick Facts

With over 80 percent of the population living below the poverty line, food is scarce.

  • A basic breakfast consists of tea and bread. A wealthy family may eat butter and jam and perhaps eggs or porridge.
  • Soup often is served for dinner
  • Osh, a rice dish made with carrots, onions and meat, is served two or three times a week. At other times pasta, meat- and onion-filled pastries, and tomato and cucumber salads may be served. All meals are accompanied with large rounds of flat bread.
  • Restaurants usually offer Western and Russian food, and choihonas(teahouses) serve traditional foods. Guests often sit on a platform with a low table surrounded by thin mats.
  • Pork is never eaten.
  • Bread may not be placed upside down
  • Tea is served to the host first to show that it is safe to drink.
  • Islamic law forbids the consumption of alcoholic beverages, but this prohibition often is ignored.

Rural people depend almost entirely on what they produce themselves. Seventy-five percent of households grow food for their own use, and people in the cities plant gardens in vacant lots.

  • The dominance of cotton has limited the growth of food products.
  • Tajikistan’s economy grew by 7.4 percent in 2013
week s groceries
Week’s Groceries

*The father has gone to Russia to find work

secular holidays

Consolidation Day (17 June)

  • International Labor Day is celebrated on 1 May
  • Victory Day on 10 May
  • Independence Day is celebrated on Sept. 9
  • Constitution Day on 6 November.
Secular Holidays

The elderly are always given the place of honor.

  • A man must never enter a home where there are only women, and a girl must never be left alone with a boy.
  • At large social gatherings, men and women often are separated.
  • Bargaining is accepted in the marketplace.
  • Personal space is not respected in either private or public places.